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Tomahawk
Tomahawk Sandia
Tomahawk Sandia
Tomahawk Orion
American sounding rocket. Test and sounding vehicles developed by Sandia using the TE-416 Tomahawk motor.

AKA: Tomahawk Sandia;UGM-109. Status: Retired 1995. First Launch: 1963-06-12. Last Launch: 1967-12-06. Number: 25 . Payload: 20 kg (44 lb). Thrust: 43.80 kN (9,847 lbf). Gross mass: 266 kg (586 lb). Height: 5.31 m (17.42 ft). Diameter: 0.23 m (0.75 ft). Span: 0.93 m (3.05 ft). Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

The TE-416 motor was developed by Thiokol for Sandia, a major contractor to the Atomic Energy Agency. The rocket was used in support of nuclear tests. NASA intended to use the rocket for a series of launches to study the sun during the International Quiet Sun Year (IQSY). However after four tests NASA decided not to use the rocket. A few years later NASA did a single shot of their 'D-Region Tomahawk' but again did not use it further. The Tomahawk however was used in large numbers by NASA and Sandia as the upper stage on a variety of sounding rockets.

Payload: 20 kg (44 lb) to a 60 km altitude.


More at: Tomahawk.

Subtopics

Nike Tomahawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Tomahawk upper stage. Payload 45 kg to 370 km or 115 kg to 215 km.

Terrier Tomahawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Tomahawk

D-Region Tomahawk American single-stage sounding rocket.

Ute Tomahawk American sounding rocket. The Ute (TU-715) motor was developed from the Genie motor baseline to serve as a first stage booster in the Ute-Tomahawk sounding rocket vehicle. 2 stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Ute + 1 x Tomahawk

Paiute Tomahawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Paiute + 1 x Tomahawk

Taurus Tomahawk American sounding rocket. NASA two stage sounding rocket. Payload 27 kg to 590 km or 59 kg to 490 km.

Taurus Nike Tomahawk Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Taurus (Honest John motor) + 1 x Nike + 1 x Tomahawk. Payload 32 kg to 700 km or 125 kg to 400 km.

Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Country: USA. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, Point Mugu, Tonopah, Johnston Island, Barking Sands, Tonopah HAD4. Stages: TE-416. Agency: Sandia. Bibliography: 2, 378.

1963 June 12 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Seagull (IQSY) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Seagull (IQSY). Technology test of NASA version..

1963 June 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 June 30 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963 November 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1963 November 22 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • HRT test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1964 January 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1964 January 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL 12" Payload test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1964 January 28 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Density Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 March 10 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Tomahawk-Dart 7" Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1964 March 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1964 March 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL 12-inch payload test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 May 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi).

1964 May 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi).

1964 May 15 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1964 May 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 May 20 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Stovepipe Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1964 May 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1964 May 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 May 27 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 June 29 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 July 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1964 July 6 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic (Sun) Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1964 July 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Terihawk-12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL SAP Camera Test / technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 July 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL SAP Camera Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1964 July 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 July 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1964 July 30 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1964 August 5 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 August 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi).

1964 August 25 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • TT-12 no igniter test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1964 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Only successful flight of NASA version. Measured the sun's x-ray output..

1964 October 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Darthawk 6.5" Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1964 October 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Darthawk 6.5" Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1964 October 16 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Terihawk-12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 October 20 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ballistic Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1964 November 9 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1964 November 13 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1964 November 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1964 November 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 November 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 November 30 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • HHRT test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart/Parachute - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1965 January 20 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Magnus Stovepipe Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 January 27 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic (TTR?) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1965 February 2 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Magnus Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 February 3 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Magnus Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 March 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Magnus Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 March 3 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Darthawk 6.5" Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1965 March 6 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1965 March 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 July 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart / EMP [or 1966?] test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1965 November 9 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1965 November 10 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1965 November 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Environment Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 November 22 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL BOX-3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 November 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart/Parachute - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart/Parachute - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart/Parachute - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 March 23 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1966 April 5 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Despin test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1966 May 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Radiochemistry? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1966 May 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS test Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 26 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 July 28 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-6 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Scan Converter Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Scan Converter Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1966 September 1 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 17 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 19 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler (Camera) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-7 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1966 September 22 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL AXE-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 September 25 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1966 November 8 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 30 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH / Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart/Parachute - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart/Parachute - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart/Parachute - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Dart/Parachute - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Diurnal thermosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1967 January 25 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1967 January 28 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Particle fluxes Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1967 February 28 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1967 March 9 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1967 March 27 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH neutrons Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1967 March 30 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GCA Ion Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1967 March 31 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Release Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 April 13 - . 07:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1967 April 19 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1967 April 25 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1967 April 25 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi).

1967 April 28 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1967 May 18 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-10 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1967 May 20 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL BOX-9 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1967 June 6 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH neutron flux Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi).

1967 July 27 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • 9" Ballistic Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1967 August 31 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 August 31 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Double probe Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • 4 Barium clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-8a X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba clouds, E field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1967 September 18 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1967 September 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Solar Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1967 September 25 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1967 September 29 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island HAD23. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-12 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1967 October 2 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-11 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1967 October 3 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Solar Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1967 October 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1967 October 4 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1967 October 5 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1967 November 23 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1967 December 6 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Complex: Tonopah HAD4. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-13 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 December 14 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release / Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • NO / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1968 January 23 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere currents Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 5 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: D-Region Tomahawk.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1968 February 6 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH Aurora / Fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 6 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 February 9 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 February 22 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1968 February 23 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

1968 February 23 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 28 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1968 March 2 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral P / F Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1968 March 15 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 March 18 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral P / F Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 March 21 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral emissions Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1968 April 4 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1968 April 25 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • p / e flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 April 25 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1968 April 30 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1968 May 3 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1968 May 9 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-14 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1968 May 12 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 May 13 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC14. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-8b X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1968 May 18 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ion gages Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 May 19 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1968 May 24 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ion gages Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 May 24 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • O2 absorption Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 July 31 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • JHU Airglow 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 August 8 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1968 August 9 - . 07:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1968 August 20 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1968 August 21 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1968 August 27 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 18 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1968 September 21 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 September 23 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 Oct? - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 October 1 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 19 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1968 October 16 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1968 November 8 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Rocket EMP Test 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 January 26 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1969 January 28 - . 05:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 7 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 8 - . 03:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 9 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 06:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1969 April 18 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetic field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1969 May 17 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-8c X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1969 May 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Rocket EMP Test 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • NO / Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1969 May 24 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-16 TT-9 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1969 August 21 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Planetary Mass Spec Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1969 August 21 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 September 11 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Complex: Tonopah HAD4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL RCS-3 (Daisy III) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 October 4 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRL AH08.645 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-5 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1970 January 13 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ROX-3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1970 January 16 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral extreme ultraviolet Aurora / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 03:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1970 February 3 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 25 / Polar 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1970 February 4 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1970 February 5 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1970 February 10 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 1A Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 1B Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 3 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 2B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 4 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 2A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 4 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 3B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 5 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 3A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 24 Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • B field / particles Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ISRO 17.03 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ISRO 17.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ISRO 17.02? Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1970 March 26 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1970 April 11 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 May 5 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC14. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1B [or 0822] X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1970 May 27 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1970 June 7 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1970 July 30 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 October 7 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 November 10 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 November 13 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 23 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1970 November 18 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 December 10 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DLR W-NT-36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DLR W-NT-37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 January 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1971 January 16 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MUMP 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1971 January 16 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • NUTMEG Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release / Brigitte Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1971 January 20 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLUM Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1971 January 20 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • SECEDE II Early Beacon - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 January 22 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 26 / Polar 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • Cert.Round (Probe C) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • SECEDE II Early Beacon - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • REDWOOD Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release / Erika Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • REDWOOD (Probe F) Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1971 January 29 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • SECEDE II Early Beacon - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1971 January 30 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • SECEDE II Late Beacon - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1971 February 1 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • SECEDE II Late Beacon - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1971 February 1 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • SPRUCE II (Probe B) - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1971 February 1 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • SPRUCE II (Probe C) Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1971 February 2 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • QUINCE II (Probe A) Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1971 February 2 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • QUINCE II (Probe E) Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1971 February 2 - . 16:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • SECEDE II Early Beacon - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1971 February 14 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 8 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Caribou V Aurora ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1971 March 11 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 15 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 16 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 17 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 18 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1971 March 19 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 20 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 21 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1971 March 27 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 31 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1971 May 25 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC10. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1D X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LEINAX I X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • NO density - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1971 July 13 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 July 13 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 October 5 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1971 October 24 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • CANUTO-A Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1971 October 24 - . 04:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • CANUTO-B Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1971 October 30 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Rocket EMP Test 3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1971 November 8 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • DARDABASI-A Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1971 November 8 - . 04:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • DARDABASI-B Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1971 November 16 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1971 November 17 - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 16:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1972 January 13 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 29 / Electra Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 February 2 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 February 7 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • RTG SNT 7 / 1 (S7-1) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 February 13 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 31 / Proton 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1972 February 25 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 7 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 7 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1972 March 9 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1972 April 15 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1972 May 20 - . 09:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-7A (TT-9) X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 May 22 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 June 2 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Complex: Tonopah HAD4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1C X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC12. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-7B X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 November 5 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 November 6 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1972 December 7 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Auroral composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1973 January 16 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1973 January 27 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 32 / Proton 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1973 February 6 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Caribou VII Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1973 February 6 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 30 / Electra-2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S7-2 (SNT 7 / 2) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1973 March 16 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1973 March 21 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1973 March 22 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1973 March 24 - . 10:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ICECAP 73A Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1973 March 27 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ICECAP 73B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1973 March 27 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1973 March 30 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1973 March 31 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1973 April 16 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1973 April 16 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1973 June 12 - . 16:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • D / E region ions Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 June 12 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • D / E region ions Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1973 June 30 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1973 July 28 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1973 September 11 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Vehicle potential test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1973 September 18 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Polar disturbed ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1973 September 18 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Polar disturbed ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • O2 / O3 / X-ray Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release YVONNE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1973 October 21 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1973 December 10 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1974 January 17 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 22 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 26 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC12. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL ACS-7C X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 January 27 - . 19:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 35 / Polar 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1974 February 14 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Density HI Bal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1974 February 16 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S10 / 2 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S10 / 1 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 March 10 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 March 28 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 April 9 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1974 April 18 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ICECAP 74B Echo 3? Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 NMS / E Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 NO / Photom Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 TMA / Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aladdin 74 ion mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aladdin 74 TMA / Barium release Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Na / Li Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 NO / Photom Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 TMA / Photometry Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 TMA / Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aladdin 74 ion mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Na-Li Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Na-LI Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1974 July 2 - . 12:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1974 July 8 - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 August 17 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Vehicle Potential test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1974 November 25 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1974 December 13 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 37 / Polar 4 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1974 December 13 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1975 January 14 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 75 Reliability Test Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1975 January 15 - . 22:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 75 Reliability Test Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1975 January 17 - . 22:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 75 Sphere Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1975 January 18 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 75 Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1975 January 18 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 75 NO / Photometry Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1975 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 January 31 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 February 5 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 March 1 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1975 March 18 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 March 23 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1975 April 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1975 April 10 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS Release, Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1975 April 10 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1975 April 10 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1975 April 13 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 April 13 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 April 16 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 April 21 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1975 April 21 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1975 April 21 - . 09:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1975 April 25 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS TMA / Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1975 April 25 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS TMA / Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1975 April 25 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AEOLUS Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1975 May 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • Plasma Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi).

1975 May 15 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • Plasma Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1975 June 3 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1975 June 7 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1975 August 15 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg PLC-C. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ESCAPE I (Sphere) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFSC. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1975 September 3 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1D X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 18 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • NMS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1975 September 19 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • NMS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1975 September 23 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 24 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1975 October 16 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • DCST test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1975 December 12 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg PLC-C. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • ESCAPE II (Sphere) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFSC. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1975 December 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1976 January 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S17 / 1 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1976 February 1 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 45 / Polar 5 Aurora / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1976 February 18 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1976 February 22 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ICECAP 76 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, USAF GL. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • FERRET / 18.1003UE Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1976 March 1 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1976 March 3 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ICECAP 76 Sphere / Physics Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 March 6 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S17 / 2 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 March 27 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 27 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 30 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 April 26 - . 06:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1976 April 30 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Auroral ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1976 June 29 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 August 12 - . 15:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • NASA 18.1006UE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1976 August 22 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • CUSP II Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 August 27 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 September 21 - . 12:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1976 September 23 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1976 September 30 - . 12:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1976 October 29 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1976 November 27 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 39 (Harang) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 January 8 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1977 January 23 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1977 February 6 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S21 / 2 TRIGGER Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1977 February 16 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 46 Aeronomy / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1977 April 8 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral extreme ultraviolet Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1977 August 17 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1977 August 18 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1977 September 24 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • DMSP MS SP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1977 December 11 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1978 February 27 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 2 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 10 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 27 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1978 March 29 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1978 May 6 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DNA Avefria Uno - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1978 May 20 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DNA Avefria Dos - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1978 June 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1978 June 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1978 September 15 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • CLUSTER ION Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 October 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 554 km (344 mi).

1978 November 27 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 41 (Elec 3) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1978 November 27 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 40 (Elec 2) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1978 December 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Range check mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Range check. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1979 March 24 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 April 1 - . 10:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 April 15 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 April 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DMSP MS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DMSP DENS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1980 January 24 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 50 / COROBIER Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1980 February 21 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • PULSAUR I Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1980 March 16 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • KING CRAB Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 571 km (354 mi).

1980 March 19 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 596 km (370 mi).

1980 March 22 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi).

1980 October 22 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • SPE-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 December 4 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES GAIL Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 6 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES HOPE Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 8 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES IRIS Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 8 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES beacon 1 Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 8 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES beacon 2 Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES JAN Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES PPPE Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 20 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 January 10 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1981 March 7 - . 08:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AURORAL E4 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 March 25 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 April 1 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 October 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1981 October 25 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 51 Auroral mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1981 October 26 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • SPE-2 Ionosphere / particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1982 March 15 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 March 30 - . 10:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 April 15 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1982 April 16 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1982 October 5 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 4 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1982 October 23 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 3 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1982 December 1 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 2 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1982 December 14 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 1 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1983 March 21 - . 09:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1983 March 23 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1983 September 1 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1983 November 9 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • IMS Release (SF6) Plasma release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi).

1983 December 14 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1984 April 2 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1984 August 1 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • SPINEX 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi).

1985 March 14 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 20 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 20 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1985 November 20 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRRES Test Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 April 28 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • SPINEX 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1986 May 13 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CVE Sr Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi).

1987 March 5 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Super 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Super 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 441 km (274 mi).

1988 July 27 - . 05:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1990 August 11 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRRES AA-5 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1990 August 15 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRRES AA-6 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi).

1990 August 15 - . 08:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRRES Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1990 August 22 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRRES Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1991 December 6 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • RED AIR 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi).

1991 December 6 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • RED AIR 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi).

1992 March 3 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aria-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1992 March 3 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aria-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 March 6 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 May 25 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • EL COQUI AA-3A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 February 2 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 November 24 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 November 27 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).


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