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Strela-10 SAM
Russian surface-to-air missile. Light vehicle-mounted surface-to-air missile designed to defend Soviet tank forces from helicopters and low-flying NATO aircraft.

AKA: 9K35;9M37;Gopher;SA-13. Status: Operational 1976. Payload: 3.20 kg (7.00 lb). Gross mass: 39 kg (86 lb). Height: 2.19 m (7.18 ft). Diameter: 0.12 m (0.39 ft). Span: 0.40 m (1.31 ft).

Development of a light vehicle-mounted surface-to-air missile to defend Soviet tank forces from helicopters and low-flying NATO aircraft was begun with a government resolution of 24 July 1969. Development of the 'Strela-10 SV (9K35) was assigned to A E Nudelman's design bureau. The tam there designed the 9M37 missile and the launcher. TsKB Geofizika designed the infrared homing head and the optical proximity fuse. Other subcontractors included NIIEP Minmash, the Leningrad LOMO enterprise, the Saratov Assembly Factory, and NII Poisk. Originally many of the improvements developed for the Strela-1M man-portable missile were to be applied directly to the Strela-10. However the designers incorporated many new features, with the result that the first test series in January 1973 to May 1974 was disastrous. Substantial redesign and retest was required, with the result that the Strela-10 system only entered Soviet Army service in 1976. The basic 9K35 and 9M37 missile could be mounted on either 9A34 or 9A35 military vehicles.

Four missiles per vehicle. Radars: 9S86 Snap Shot target acquisition radar, band, range 10 km. Dog Ear target acquisition radar, F/G band, range 80 km. Maximum speed: 2260km/hr. 10 m minimum altitude.



Subtopics

Strela-10M Russian surface-to-air missile. In 1977 development of an improved version of the Strela-10 was begun. The Strela-10M featured the ability for the operator to select differing intercept trajectories based on the target type, and improved the system's ability to defeat enemy countermeasures and decoys. Otherwise the system was identical to its predecessor. Following successful trials, the Strela-10M entered production in 1979.

Strela-10M2 Russian surface-to-air missile. In 1979-1980 studies began on the long-term improvement of the Strela-10 system. These were aimed at improving the missile's capability, at integrating the vehicle into the air defence system of the army corps, and allow the vehicle to amphibiously cross water obstacles with the full complement of 8 missiles. The resulting Strela-10M2, after completion of state trials, entered production in 1981.

Strela-10M3 Russian surface-to-air missile. The Strela-10M3 Kitobiy system was a further improvement of the Strela-10. Requirements studies and tests were conducted in 1983-1986, with the intention of making the system effective against any aerial target within range, even in the face of intense enemy countermeasures and decoy deployments. This complete revamp of the system included an improved solid rocket motor and container, a new homing head, autopilot, proximity fuse, self-destruct system, warhead, and contact fuse. The system was accepted for production in 1989.

Country: Russia. Agency: Nudelman.

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