Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aberporth



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Aberporth
Credit: © Mark Wade
The Aberporth military test range is located on Cardigan Bay on the west coast of Wales. It already became associated with solid rocket tests during the Second World War. Development of surface-to-air missiles began there in 1948 and tests were made of re-entry and high-speed aircraft shapes in the 1960's. Due to the military nature of the site, the only sounding rocket launches have been to support military test operations. These included 40 known launches from 1959 to 1972.

Location: Cardigan, Wales.
Longitude: -4.5566 deg.
Latitude: 52.1393 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Jaguar The Jaguar was designed by the RAE Supersonics Department as part of the HRV (Hypersonic Research Vehicle) program. This was a joint project with the Australian Weapons Research Establishment for testing of re-entry vehicles at high speeds. Regardless of the variant, the Rook first stage would propel the upper stages and subscale RV to a high altitude. The upper stages would then fire downward to push the RV into the atmosphere at speeds of up to 5 km/s. More...
  • Rook Single stage vehicle consisting of a Rook solid rocket motor. Used initially for supersonic tests of aircraft models. More...
  • Skua In 1959, the Royal Meteorological Office's High Altitude Research Unit contracted with Bristol Aerojet and RPE Wescott to develop a low-cost meteorological rocket designed to reach altitudes of 80 km. The resulting Skua design consisted of Chick boosters which burned for 0.2 seconds to blast the rocket 20 m above the 5 m launch tube. Then the Bantam second stage would ignite and boost the payload to altitude. Four Skua variants were flown over the years. More...
  • Skylark The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Rook British test vehicle. Single stage vehicle consisting of a Rook solid rocket motor. Used initially for supersonic tests of aircraft models. More...
  • Leopard British test vehicle. Two stage aerodynamic test vehicle consisting of 1 x Rook + 1 x Gosling. Developed from the basic Rook vehicle for tests requiring higher velocities. More...
  • Jaguar 1 Three stage version consisting of 1 x Rook II + 1 x Gosling IIN + 1 x Lobster I More...
  • Skua 1 British sounding rocket. In the original Skua version, 3 Chick boosters were used. The Bantam second stage burned for 30 seconds to boost the payload to 70 km. The payload deployed a radar-reflective parachute to allow winds aloft to be measured, and readings from a thermometer were radioed to the ground. More than 900 Skua 1's were launched from 11 sites in six countries. More...
  • Skylark 6 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 6. The Goldfinch provided 700 kN-sec total impulse. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • RAE British agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Royal Aerospace Establishment, UK. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Aberporth Chronology


1959 June 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 July 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L2B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 January 2 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 January 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1C. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 February 23 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1D.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 April 21 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water. LV Configuration: Blue Water FJ 3.
  • Flight 1 - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 April 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water.
  • - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 April 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 April 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1G.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 27 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 12 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 14 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook R1H.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 August 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 G1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 November 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook R1I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 April 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook R1K.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 July 20 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 August 24 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra23.
  • Ranger 23 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 August 24 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
  • Ranger test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 January 19 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra26.
  • Ranger 26 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 June 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water.
  • Flight 15 - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L6.
  • Leopard 6 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 December 10 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra28.
  • Ranger 28 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 May 12 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly4.
  • Lynx 4 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 July 23 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra30.
  • Ranger 30 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 July 11 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly6.
  • Lynx 6 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 September 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra32.
  • Ranger 32 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1969 July 3 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly5.
  • Lynx 5 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1970 February 5 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly8.
  • Lynx 8 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1971 January 14 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 LT.1.
  • DLR AB-GR-40 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: BAC; DLR. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1971 January 19 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--320A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 January 21 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--322A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 January 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--324A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--326A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1971 January 28 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--328A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1971 February 4 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--330A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 February 8 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--332A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 February 10 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--334A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 June 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ori23.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1971 July 3 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly7.
  • Lynx 7 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1972 June 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ba5.
  • Badger 5 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1972 July 20 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1183.
  • UK SL1183 (Dummy R) test - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Petrel. LV Configuration: Petrel D.
  • Target - . Nation: UK. Agency: MOD. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

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