Encyclopedia Astronautica
Andoya



andoya.gif
Andoya
Credit: © Mark Wade
Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities.

ARR is located far north of the Arctic Circle. This high latitude location provides favorable conditions for studying various atmosphere and ionosphere phenomena using rockets, balloons, aircraft, and ground-based instruments.

Located six kilometers from airport, harbor and town facilities, the range complex offers:

  • launch capability for rocket configurations up to 20 metric tons
  • wide-band mobile and stationary telemetry stations, with slant range system for tracking purposes
  • extensive network of ground based instruments, including ALOMAR
  • range-hotel with 32 single rooms, guest kitchen and relax-facilities
  • a large impact area, permitting a variety of launch directions and rocket configurations without the need for guidance systems.

Andoya was known to have been used for 718 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1453 km altitude.

Location: Andoya Rocket Range, Andoy.
Longitude: 16.0207 deg.
Latitude: 69.2943 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Apache The Apache upper stage was an improved version of the Cajun. The Thiokol engine used aluminised polyurethane propellant with a higher specific impulse and phenolic lining in the steel nozzle. Cost to NASA was $ 6,000 per rocket. The Apache could be used in a single stage version, but was normally used with a booster stage, usually the Nike. More...
  • Arcas The Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings) was developed by the Atlantic Research Corporation for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) with the support of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Primarily a meteorological rocket, the Arcas was first fired in July 1959. The single-stage version was designed to lift 5.4 kg to 64 km. For more demanding missions, several versions of boosted Arcas were developed, as well as a stretched Super Arcas motor. More...
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...
  • Cajun The Cajun research rocket was developed as a dimensionally-similar but higher performance successor to the Deacon. More...
  • Hawk American surface-to-air missile and sounding rocket family. More...
  • Honest John Unguided single-stage solid-propellant US Army missile developed by Douglas Aircraft. It was later used as the booster stage for a range of sounding rockets, test vehicles, and targets. More...
  • Loki American unguided solid-propellant barrage anti-aircraft rocket adapted to use as a meteorological sounding rocket. More...
  • Micon Swiss surface-to-air missile. The dual-thrust (45 kN then 22 kN) solid propellant motor providing a total impulse of 900 kN-sec. More...
  • Petrel Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same tube-launch technique as Skua. A total of 240 Petrels were launched from 1967-1982 from many sites around the world. More...
  • RH Indian solid propellant sounding rocket family using indigenous rocket motors derived from French Belier / Jericho rocket engine technology. More...
  • S Series of Japanese single-stage sounding rockets designed for low-cost observations of the ionosphere. More...
  • Skua In 1959, the Royal Meteorological Office's High Altitude Research Unit contracted with Bristol Aerojet and RPE Wescott to develop a low-cost meteorological rocket designed to reach altitudes of 80 km. The resulting Skua design consisted of Chick boosters which burned for 0.2 seconds to blast the rocket 20 m above the 5 m launch tube. Then the Bantam second stage would ignite and boost the payload to altitude. Four Skua variants were flown over the years. More...
  • Skylark The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. More...
  • Terrier Standard US Navy surface-to-air missile developed during the 1950's. Modified single stage Navy Terrier missiles were used as sounding rockets, sometimes supplemented with upper stages. More...
  • Viper Single stage sounding rocket developed as a follow-on to the Loki-Dart. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike Cajun American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle sounding rocket consisting of a Nike booster together with a Cajun upper stage. Aside from the Soviet MMR-06, the Nike-Cajun was the most often launched sounding rocket. The Cajun motor was developed for NASA in the 1950's by Thiokol, providing a more modern but still affordable replacement for the World War II-era Deacon. More...
  • Orion OLV American nuclear-powered orbital launch vehicle. Nuclear-pulse drive launch vehicle seriously developed by General Atomics in the United States from 1955-1965. The design allowed vast payloads of hundreds of tons to be hurled to the planets. By 1958 the Orion team saw themselves in direct competition with Von Braun's chemical rockets. They hoped to a land a huge manned expedition on Mars by 1964 and tour the moons of Saturn by 1970. However politically NASA would not argue for the exception to the 1963 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty necessary to allow firing of nuclear explosions in space. More...
  • Nike Apache American sounding rocket. The most popular sounding rocket introduced during the early 1960's was this two-stage, solid-propellant vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Apache upper stage. More...
  • Skylark 2 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 2 + 1 x Raven 8. The Cuckoo booster burned for 4 seconds and provided 364 kN-sec total impulse. The Raven 2 provided 1540 N-sec total impulse. More...
  • Viper American sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket developed as a follow-on to the Loki-Dart. More...
  • Centaure French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier I II, or III single stage sounding rocket was augmented by a Venus booster with 94 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Skylark 7 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 7 + 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 11 More...
  • Dragon 1 French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier upper stage was augmented by a Stromboli booster with 686 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Nike Tomahawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Tomahawk upper stage. Payload 45 kg to 370 km or 115 kg to 215 km. More...
  • Boosted Arcas American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a booster + 1 x Arcas second stage. More...
  • Orion Sounding Rocket American sounding rocket. The Orion was a single stage, unguided, fin stabilized rocket system which used a surplus US Army Hawk surface-to-air-missile rocket motor having a dual thrust propellant grain. Three fins on the aft end of the motor were canted to roll the vehicle at four revolutions per second at burnout for stability. Improved performance could be obtained by using a Nike booster stage. Payload 38 kg to 88 km or 68 kg to 71 km. More...
  • Petrel 1 British sounding rocket. Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same launch technique as Skua. Three Chick rockets blasted the upper stage and payload out of a 10-m long launch tube. The 4.5 kN Lapwing second stage burned for 30 seconds. A unique aspect was that the Chick boosters could be recovered and reloaded with propellant. More...
  • Skylark 6 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 6. The Goldfinch provided 700 kN-sec total impulse. More...
  • Skua 2 Skua 2 was used 4 Chick boosters and a lengthened Bantam motor to take more complex 5 kg scientific payloads to 100 km altitude. More than fifty Skua 2's were fired between 1967 and 1972 as part of the British national space program. More...
  • Dragon 2B French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Stromboli + 1 x Belier II More...
  • Super Arcas American sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle, improved version of the original Arcas with a lengthened motor burning for 40 seconds. Payload 4 kg to 100 km or 8 kg to 40 km. More...
  • Super Loki American sounding rocket. Larger-diameter version of single-stage Loki sounding rocket, developed originally for NASA's Marshall Spaceflight Center. More...
  • Skylark 4 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 8 More...
  • Terrier Malemute American sounding rocket. The Terrier-Malemute launch vehicle was a high performance two-stage vehicle used for payloads weighing less than 180 kg, generally used for relatively lightweight plasma physics payloads. Payload 90 kg to 650 km or 180 kg to 420 km. More...
  • S-310 Japanese sounding rocket. The S-310 was a mid-sized single-stage sounding rocket designed to reach an altitude of 200 km. More...
  • Skylark 12 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 11 + 1 x Cuckoo 4. The AC version uses an uprated Goldfinch II booster. The Raven XI is loaded with 990 kg of propellant and produced 2500 kN-sec total impulse over 39 seconds. The Cuckoo IV stage provides 452 kN-sec impulse over 15 seconds. More...
  • Fulmar British sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Heron (107 kN) + 1 x Snipe (16.7 kN). More...
  • Nike Orion American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle. Payload 68 kg to 190 km or 204 kg to 90 km. The Nike motor had three equally spaced unmodified Ajax fins, and the Orion motor had four fins on the aft end arranged in a cruciform configuration to provide stability. The first stage Nike booster had an action time of 3.2 seconds. The second stage ignited 9 seconds after liftoff and had an action time of 32 seconds. Capability 68 kg payload to 190 kilometers or a 204 kg payload to 90 kilometers when launched from sea level at an 85 degree launch angle. More...
  • Taurus Orion American sounding rocket. 2 stage vehicle composed of 1 x Taurus (Honest John motor) + 1 x Orion. Payload 68 kg to 260 km or 227 kg to 140 km. More...
  • Petrel 2 British sounding rocket. Improved Petrel using four Chick boosters and a lengthened Lapwing second stage which provide 4.5 kN thrust for 40 seconds. Petrel 2's were also fired as targets for missile tests at Woomera. More...
  • S-520 Japanese sounding rocket. The S-520 was a larger single-stage rocket which could be equipped with a three-axis attitude control and a recovery system. It had the capability of launching a 100 kg payload above 300 km and provided more than five minutes of micro-gravity flight for experiments. More...
  • HJ Orion American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x M-6 + 1 x Orion More...
  • Black Brant 10 Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Black Brant VB or VC + 1 x Nihka. Payload 90 kg to 1,200 km or 317 kg to 550 km. More...
  • Black Brant 9 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier Mk 70 + 1 x Black Brant VB. More...
  • Viper 3A American sounding rocket. The Viper 3A/10D Dart was a two stage sounding rocket vehicle consisting of a solid propellant Viper 3A rocket motor as the first stage and a non-propulsive Dart containing the payload as the second stage. More...
  • Zenit Zenit was to be a modular new generation medium Soviet launch vehicle, replacing the various ICBM-derived launch vehicles in use since the 1960's (Tsiklon and Soyuz). A version of the first stage was used as strap-ons for the cancelled Energia heavy booster. But it was built by Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine; when the Soviet Union broke up planned large-scale production for the Soviet military was abandoned (Angara development was begun as an indigenous alternative). Launch pads were completed only at Baikonur; those at Plesetsk were never finished and are planned to be completed as Angara pads. However the vehicle found new life as a commercial launch vehicle, launched from a sea platform by an American/Ukrainian consortium. More...
  • Black Brant 12 Canadian sounding rocket. The Black Brant XII rocket system was a four stage system used primarily to carry a variety of payloads to high altitudes. Its development is a spin-off of the Black Brant X development. Four stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Talos + 1 x Taurus + 1 x Black Brant VB + 1 x Nihka. Payload 136 kg to 1,500 km or 522 kg to 500 km. More...
  • Improved Orion American sounding rocket. Unguided solid propellant single stage rocket using a military surplus M112 Hawk rocket motor. The motor was a dual thrust burner with a boost phase of 5 seconds and a sustainer phase of approximately 21 seconds. The rocket accelerated the payload then for 26 seconds with peak acceleration during the boost phase of 21g. A payload mass of 100 kg could be carried to an apogee of approximately 110 km. More...
  • VS-30 Brazilian sounding rocket. Single stage suborbital launch vehicle. More...
  • Terrier Orion American two-stage, spin-stabilized sounding rocket. It used a Terrier Mk 12 Mod 1 engine for its first stage and an improved Orion motor for its second stage. The Terrier-Orion could loft payloads weighing up to 290 kilograms to altitudes up to 190 kilometers. More...
  • Excalibur Target System The Canadian-made Excalibur Target System was a boosted dart ballistic rocket whose flight could be tailored to simulate various threats for anti-tactical ballistic missile (TBM) system tests. The solid-propellant launched the dart segment to the necessary angle and velocity for the mission. The dart then separated from the booster. It carried a sophisticated electronic RFSAS Radio Frequency Signature Augmentation System, which electronically enlarged the target's radar cross-section to mimic the larger missile appropriate to the mission. More...
  • VS-30/Orion Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Orion More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Official Site of the Topic, Information obtained from the manufacturer or operator's official web site.

Associated Launch Sites

Andoya Chronology


1962 August 18 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 1.
  • Ferdinand 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 December 11 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 3.
  • Ferdinand 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1962 December 14 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 2.
  • Ferdinand 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1963 September 1 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 5.
  • Ferdinand 5 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 September 12 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 4.
  • Ferdinand 4 Ionosphere / plasma / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1964 March 12 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 6.
  • Ferdinand 6 Aurora / plasma / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1964 March 15 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 7.
  • Ferdinand 7 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1964 March 19 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 8.
  • Ferdinand 8 Ionosphere / plasma / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1965 March 1 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.03II.
  • UJO-5 (Uppsala) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1965 March 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.253IA.
  • UJO-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.04II.
  • UJO-7 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 March 3 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 9. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1965 March 5 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.254IA.
  • UJO-8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1965 March 15 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 10 Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; NASA. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 March 16 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.01GI.
  • Sylvester I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1965 March 22 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 March 23 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.02GI.
  • Sylvester II Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 12.
  • Ferdinand 12 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1965 December 2 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.20GI-II.
  • Arcas I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 December 6 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.19GI.
  • Sylvester III Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1966 February 4 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-16.
  • ESRO C15 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO C15 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1966 February 22 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-13.
  • ESRO C14 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 February 23 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-14.
  • ESRO C14 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 March 9 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-12.
  • ESRO C13 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1966 March 10 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-11.
  • ESRO C13 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 March 21 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.109GI.
  • D-region composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NDRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1966 May 26 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-20.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1966 June 1 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-23.
  • FU-153 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 June 26 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 13.
  • 50 / 70 Hz probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1966 October 17 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-28.
  • FU-165 Ions / Electric Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi).

1967 March 3 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 14.
  • Ferdinand 14 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1967 March 14 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 15.
  • Ferdinand 15 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1967 August 20 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Arcas V Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 August 25 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas. LV Configuration: Sidewinder-Arcas NASA 15.21II.
  • Arcas III Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1967 August 31 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.43GE.
  • Ba clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 August 31 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.46GE.
  • Double probe Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.44GE.
  • 4 Barium clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.47GE.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.45GE.
  • Ba clouds, E field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.48GE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1967 October 4 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon DE-35.
  • ESRO D34 / 1 Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1967 October 7 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon DE-30.
  • ESRO D30 / 1 Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1967 October 9 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas. LV Configuration: Sidewinder-Arcas NASA 15.22II.
  • Arcas IV Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1967 October 10 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon DE-36. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO D34 / 2 Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 October 13 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas. LV Configuration: Sidewinder-Arcas NASA 15.23II.
  • Arcas V Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.75GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.58IE.
  • Ferdinand 18 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1968 September 21 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.76GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 September 23 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.77GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 October 1 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.59IE.
  • Ferdinand 19 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1968 November 1 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas. LV Configuration: Sidewinder-Arcas NASA 15.24II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Arcas VI PCA Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1968 November 3 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-254.
  • FU-182 Ions / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1968 November 27 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 17 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 16.
  • Ferdinand 16 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1969 January 17 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 NASA 15.44II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RTG SA1 / 2-A69 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1969 January 18 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 NASA 15.45II.
  • RTG SA1 / 3-A69 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1969 February 25 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • ESRO A40 / 3 (R127) Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1969 February 25 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE.
  • ESRO C49 / 1 (R3) Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 February 25 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO A40 / 4 Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1969 February 25 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE.
  • ESRO C49 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1969 April 9 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 20.
  • Ferdinand 20 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1969 April 13 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-255.
  • FU-182 Ions / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi).

1969 April 13 - . 08:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • ESRO A40 / 7 Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1969 April 13 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • ESRO A40 / 5 Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1969 April 14 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • ESRO A40 / 2 Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1969 April 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • ESRO A40 / 6 Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-260.
  • FU-190 E field / Barium release Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1969 November 26 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 21.
  • Ferdinand 21 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1969 November 30 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
  • Arcas VII Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 2 - . 23:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA A-BBVA-23.
  • DLR A-BBV-23 Synove Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1970 February 3 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.113IE.
  • Ferdinand 25 / Polar 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA A-BBVA-24.
  • DLR A-BBV-24 Monica Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA A-BBVA-25.
  • DLR A-BBV-25 Evelyn Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1970 March 6 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA A-BBVA-27.
  • DLR A-BBV-27 Chr'ine Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.114IE.
  • Ferdinand 24 Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A.
  • DLR A-BBV-26 Inger Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1970 March 15 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A.
  • DLR A-BB4-28 Eva Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi).

1970 March 18 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A.
  • DLR A-BB4-29 Gerda Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 665 km (413 mi).

1970 March 23 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 22.
  • Ferdinand 22 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1970 August 4 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
  • Arcas VIII Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1970 November 13 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.115IE.
  • Ferdinand 23 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk DLR A-NT-39.
  • MPE Barium release / Brigitte Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1971 January 22 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.116IE.
  • Ferdinand 26 / Polar 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk DLR A-NT-38.
  • MPE Barium release / Erika Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1971 August 8 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 27.
  • Ferdinand 27 Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1972 January 12 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.383AE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1972 January 13 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.135IE.
  • Ferdinand 29 / Electra Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 February 13 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.137IE.
  • Ferdinand 31 / Proton 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 28. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 28 Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.485UI.
  • Ferdinand 34 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.391UI.
  • Ferdinand 33 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1972 October 5 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P127A.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 October 7 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P42A.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 10 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P55A.
  • VLF radio hiss Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 12 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SK19A.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P126A.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SK20A.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P125A.
  • Electron analyser Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 29 - . 15:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SK21A.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 November 3 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P129A.
  • Polar chorus Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 November 8 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P41A.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Micon. Launch Vehicle: Zenit. LV Configuration: Zenit-C Zenit-Cuckoo.
  • DLR A-ZC-48 Astrik Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1973 January 16 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.57IE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1973 January 27 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.138IE.
  • Ferdinand 32 / Proton 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1973 February 6 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.136IE.
  • Ferdinand 30 / Electra-2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1973 May 12 - . 12:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC A-BBVC-51.
  • DLR A-BBVC-51 Erna Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi).

1973 July 4 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC A-BBVC-49.
  • DLR A-BBVC-49 Barbara Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1973 October 14 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P100A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1973 October 16 - . 19:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P141A.
  • High Latitude / Particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1973 October 16 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1121.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1973 October 17 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P101A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1122.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P147A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • High Latitude / Particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P142A.
  • High Latitude / e, p Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P143A.
  • High Latitude / e, p Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1123.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P150A.
  • High Latitude / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P145A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P149A.
  • High Latitude / Substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P146A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P148A.
  • High Latitude / Substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1973 December 2 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P181A.
  • High Latitude / Barium release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 SL1124.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1973 December 6 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P96A.
  • High Latitude / Barium release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 December 6 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P71A.
  • High Latitude / ELF-VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 January 27 - . 19:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.139IE.
  • Ferdinand 35 / Polar 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NDRE. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1974 February 6 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB (ESRO) D-101.
  • DLR A-BB4-63 Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi).

1974 November 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1221.
  • UK SL1221 (S107) Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1974 December 13 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.140IE.
  • Ferdinand 37 / Polar 4 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NDRE. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1975 June 10 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 42 Auroral mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 February 1 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.208UE.
  • Ferdinand 45 / Polar 5 Aurora / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1976 November 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1422.
  • Supra-thermal particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 715 km (444 mi).

1976 November 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F2.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1976 November 27 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.206IE.
  • Ferdinand 39 (Harang) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 November 27 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.05IE.
  • Ferdinand 38 (Harang) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 538 km (334 mi).

1976 December 11 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1425.
  • UK High Latitude Campaign Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi).

1976 December 11 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F5.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1977 January 22 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 PHA F2A AF6-F2.
  • DLR A-GR-78 Eveline Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi).

1977 January 23 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1005UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1977 February 6 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1004UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1977 February 8 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 PHA F1B AF6-F1.
  • DLR A-GR-79 Silvia Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1977 February 16 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.212GE-IE.
  • Ferdinand 46 Aeronomy / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1977 February 20 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 PHA F3C AB3-F3.
  • DLR A-GR-80 Georgine Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1977 March 16 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 PHA F4D AB3-F4.
  • DLR A-GR-81 Christ. Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1977 October 13 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-85.
  • T / NL 3A Dagmar Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi).

1977 October 13 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1423.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 788 km (489 mi).

1977 October 16 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F3.
  • Wind / T Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1977 October 16 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P207A.
  • Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1977 November 2 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-87.
  • T / NL 1B Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi).

1977 November 17 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1421.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 718 km (446 mi).

1977 November 17 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F1.
  • Electrons / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 December 5 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F4.
  • HLC 2B Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.211IE/UE.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-86.
  • T / NL 4C Gitti Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 540 km (330 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-88.
  • T / NL 2D Susanne Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR A-O-89.
  • A-OR-90 Orion 1 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1978 March 1 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 47.
  • Ferdinand 47 / Bugatti 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1978 March 1 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 48.
  • Ferdinand 48 / Trinom 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1978 November 10 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1424.
  • VLF waves / TMA Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi).

1978 November 27 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.207IE.
  • Ferdinand 41 (Elec 3) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1978 November 27 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.216IE.
  • Ferdinand 40 (Elec 2) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1979 March 19 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1979 March 28 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P208A.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1980 January 24 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 50.
  • Ferdinand 50 / COROBIER Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1980 February 21 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 49.
  • PULSAUR I Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1980 October 6 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6190.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1980 October 6 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6191.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.10GU.
  • TY2-7688 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion. LV Configuration: HJ Orion NASA 33.15GE.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6878.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6192.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1980 October 9 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6193.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1980 October 9 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6194.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 October 10 - . 21:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6195.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 20:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6196.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion. LV Configuration: HJ Orion NASA 33.16GE.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.11GU.
  • TY2-7684 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6197.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-7128.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1980 October 12 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6422.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1980 October 15 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6423.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1980 October 15 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6424.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1980 October 15 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6425.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-7129.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion. LV Configuration: HJ Orion NASA 33.17GE.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.12GU.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6874.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-7130.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6875.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 54.
  • EBC-C E-4 Bugatti II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-101.
  • EBC-C Ferdinand 57 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MPSC-8001A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion A13.073.
  • ENERGY B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 53.
  • EBC-B E-4 Bugatti II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-102.
  • EBC-B Ferdinand 55 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MPSC-8002A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 52.
  • EBC-A E-4 Bugatti II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-103.
  • EBC-A Ferdinand 56 Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MPSC-8003A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1981 October 25 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Polar 6.
  • Ferdinand 51 Auroral mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1982 October 5 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 61.
  • Hero 4 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1982 October 23 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 60.
  • Hero 3 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1982 December 1 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 59.
  • Hero 2 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1982 December 14 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 58.
  • Hero 1 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1983 November 11 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.22GE/IE.
  • Ferdinand 63 / Polar Leap Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 454 km (282 mi).

1983 December 2 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 01A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 December 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1983 December 6 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 6 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-121.
  • Ferdinand 71 M-T 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 18:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 02A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1983 December 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1983 December 10 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 03A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1983 December 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1983 December 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 04A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1983 December 15 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 05A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1983 December 16 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1983 December 16 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1983 December 17 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 06A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1983 December 19 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1983 December 19 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1983 December 21 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 07A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1983 December 28 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 08A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 28 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 09A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1983 December 29 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1983 December 29 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1983 December 31 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1983 December 31 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 10A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1983 December 31 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 11A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1984 January 2 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1984 January 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 12A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-122.
  • Ferdinand 66 M-T 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 13A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1984 January 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 14A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 15A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1984 January 12 - . 20:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 16A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-123.
  • Ferdinand 68 M-T 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 21:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 17A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1984 January 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1984 January 18 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 18A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1984 January 20 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 13:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 33 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 21 - . 14:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 19A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 20A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 16:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-124.
  • Ferdinand 67 M-T 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 21A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 27 - . 19:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-131.
  • CAESAR I Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1984 January 28 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1984 January 28 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 22A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 23A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 39 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-125.
  • Ferdinand 70 M-T 5 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion MADAME 1.
  • Ferdinand 73 M-M 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 40 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 24A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1984 February 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 41 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 6 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 25A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1984 February 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 42 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1984 February 9 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 26A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 February 9 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1984 February 9 - . 03:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 43 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 27A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-126.
  • Ferdinand 69 M-T 6 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion MADAME 2.
  • Ferdinand 72 M-M 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 44 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 45 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 46 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1984 February 11 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 28A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1984 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 47 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1984 February 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 29A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1984 February 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 48 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 49 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-127.
  • Ferdinand 64 M-T 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 50 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 02:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 30A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 51 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 52 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-128.
  • Ferdinand 65 M-T 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 31A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 02:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-C 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 54 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 55 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 10:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE.
  • M-D 32A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 56 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki M-D 033A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1984 February 19 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A M-F 057.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 20 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A M-F 058.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 21 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki M-D 034A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1984 February 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A M-F 059.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1984 February 23 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki M-D 035A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1985 January 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-134.
  • CAESAR 2 Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 703 km (436 mi).

1985 November 10 - . 18:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.05IE.
  • Ferdinand 62 / MAIMIK Active plasma / tether mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NDRE. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi).

1986 January 18 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X NASA 35.010CE.
  • CENTAUR 2 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 676 km (420 mi).

1987 June 10 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1987 June 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 June 15 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1987 June 15 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-C1 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1987 June 17 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 June 19 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1987 June 22 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1987 June 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C02 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 22 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C03 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C04 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C05 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C06 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C07 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C08 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 24 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C09 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 12:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C10 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C11 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC-SINE S-C12 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 June 26 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1987 June 29 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • MAC-SINE S-F11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C13 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki HEAVY CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C14 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C15 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki HEAVY CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C16 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1987 July 3 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 6 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1987 July 8 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1987 July 10 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1987 July 13 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A S-F18.
  • MAC-SINE S-F18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.244UU.
  • SINE S-SA1 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C17 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.245UU.
  • SINE S-SA2 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C18 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki HEAVY CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C19 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C20 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 12:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C21 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.247UU.
  • SINE S-SA3 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1987 July 14 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C22 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.246UU.
  • SINE S-SA4 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C23 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C24 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C25 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C26 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C27 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LIGHT CHAFF.
  • MAC-SINE S-C28 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1987 July 17 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 19 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1987 July 19 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-F1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-148.
  • MAC / E-T1 Bugatti 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE; DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.38UE.
  • MAC / Epsilon XRG Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.63UE.
  • MAC / Epsilon NEFS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Light Chaff.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-C1 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC / EPSILON TYL-1697 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-C2 / H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 12:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC / EPSILON TY1-1696 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-C3 / SL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC/EPSILON E-C4/L - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1987 October 17 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff Test 1.
  • MAC/EPSILON E-C5/SL - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-F2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-149.
  • MAC / E-T3 Total 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-150.
  • MAC / E Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.66UE.
  • MAC / Epsilon EXERT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.36UE.
  • MAC / Epsilon MAE F-75 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.64GE.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-C6 / SL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 22:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC / EPSILON TY1-1698 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC / EPSILON TY1-1699 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-C7 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-C8 / SL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1987 October 28 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC / EPSILON TY1-1700 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1987 October 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.67GE.
  • MAC / Epsilon EXERT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1987 October 28 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC / EPSILON TY1-1701 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1987 November 1 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-C9 / L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1987 November 11 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-F3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • MAC / EPSILON E-F4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-151.
  • MAC / E-T4 Ferdinand74 Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-152.
  • MAC / E-T5 Total 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.37UE.
  • MAC / Epsilon MAE F-74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.65UE.
  • NEFS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC / EPSILON TY1-1702 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC / EPSILON TY1-1703 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1987 November 25 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A M-100B ?.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1987 November 25 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A M-100B ?.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 24 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 June 29 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 July 4 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 July 12 - . 22:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 July 12 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 July 13 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • Sodium-88 M-N10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 August 25 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A 1.0 U.M. CHAFF.
  • NC-8 / EL Na Campaign Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1988 November 7 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.98IE.
  • NEED I(Ferdinand 79) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1988 November 26 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 DLR A-CR-159.
  • ROSE I Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1988 December 5 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 DLR A-CR-160.
  • ROSE II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1988 December 17 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X NASA 35.024UE.
  • CUSP Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi).

1989 January 30 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB AAF-XB-02.
  • OEDIPUS A Plasma / tether mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi).

1990 January 11 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 11 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 12 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1990 January 12 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1990 January 13 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1990 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 17 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 19 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT13 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 24 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 25 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 28 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 28 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 29 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 31 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1990 January 31 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 1 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 5 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 7 - . 19:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 7 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1990 February 8 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 10 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 15 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD40 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS41 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 17 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC42 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 17 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS43 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 19 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD44 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 21 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS45 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 February 22 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD46 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 24 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS47 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC48 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS49 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT50 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC51 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS52 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 26 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-12.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi).

1990 February 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS55 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 1 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD57 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 2 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS58 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 5 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD59 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC60 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS61 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT62 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC63 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS64 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1990 March 7 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS65 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 7 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC67 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 7 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS68 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD69 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC70 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC71 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS72 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT73 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC75 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 9 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT76 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1990 March 9 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS77 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 March 9 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC78 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 9 - . 20:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS79 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 19:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS80 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 19:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC81 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS83 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT84 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC85 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS86 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC87 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC88 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD89 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 14 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Datasonde.
  • DYANA DAD90 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 October 12 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.102IE.
  • NEED II (F-80) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi).

1991 February 12 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-14.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1991 September 17 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-190.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-191.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-192.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 30 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-193.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 October 3 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-194.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 October 4 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-195.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 April 23 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Aerosole.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1992 June 3 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Aerosole.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1993 August 1 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SCT-06 (CONE) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 February 9 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.110IE.
  • PULSAUR-2 (F-92) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1994 February 15 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-22.
  • NNP / AIR / NID / NEL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1994 July 28 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-210.
  • Echo 94 F-102 DUSTY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 July 31 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-211.
  • Echo 94 F-103 DUSTY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 August 12 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-212.
  • Echo 94 F-101 CONE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 November 24 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-23.
  • NNP / AIR / NID / NEL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1994 December 1 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-21.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1995 January 25 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya U3. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.06IE.
  • SCIFER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,453 km (902 mi).

1995 March 20 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Aerosole.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 April 11 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Aerosole.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 May 2 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Aerosole.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1995 May 31 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Aerosole.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1996 July 27 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mini-DUSTY MD01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1996 July 30 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mini-DUSTY MD02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1996 November 13 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Mini-DUSTY MD03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1997 May 22 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Mini-DUSTY MD04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1997 July 15 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 4 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Falling Sphere.
  • AND-22 TTS07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 7 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Falling Sphere 6.
  • AND-22 TTS08 / TRAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 10 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Falling Sphere 7.
  • AND-22 TTS09 / TRAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 11 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Chaff 3.
  • AND-22 TTC10 / TRAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Sphere 8.
  • AND-22 CRISTA TTS11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 August 14 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Chaff 4.
  • AND-22 CRISTA TTC12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1997 September 8 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1997 October 12 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-02 RONALD.
  • DLR AL-VS30-226 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: INPE; DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1997 November 5 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.04IE.
1998 January 31 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-03 RONALD 2.
  • DLR AL-VS30-229 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: INPE; DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1999 January 21 - . 06:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.12IE.
  • CAPER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,360 km (840 mi).

1999 July 4 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MD-CH-01.
  • MIDAS chaff Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-02.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-03.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA NASA 21.123GE.
  • MD-DR-04 DROPPS-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion MD-MI-05.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-MD-06.
  • Mini-Dusty MD06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-MM-07.
  • Mini-Midas Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-08.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-09.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-10.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 02:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MD-CH-11.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-12.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 03:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA NASA 21.124GE.
  • MD-DR-13 DROPPS-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 03:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-MD-14.
  • Mini-Dusty MD07? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-15.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-CH-16.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 05:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-17.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 16 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MD-FS-18.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 16 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MD-CH-19.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 16 - . 10:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper MD-FS-20.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 16 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-01 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 17 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-02 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 18 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-03 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 18 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-C-04 Chaff.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 18 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-C-05 Chaff.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 23 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-06 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 26 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-07 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 26 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-C-08 Chaff.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 August 30 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-09 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 6 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-10 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 9 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-11 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 14 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-12 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 14 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-13 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 16 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-14 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 18 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-15 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 20 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-16 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 September 22 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A TR-S-17 Sphere.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 May 6 - . 16:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MS-FS-01.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 May 6 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MS-FS-02.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 May 6 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion MS-MI-03.
  • MIDAS Ferdinand-115 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2000 May 15 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MS-FS-04.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 May 15 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion MS-MI-05.
  • MIDAS Ferdinand-116 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2000 May 15 - . 01:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MS-MM-06.
  • Ferdinand 117 / MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 May 15 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion HiN-2.
  • Hotel Dart test - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2001 June 8 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-FS-01.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 12 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-FS-02.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 14 - . 01:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-FS-03.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 16 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-FS-04.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SO-MI-05.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 00:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-CH-06.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-FS-07.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-CH-08.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 21 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-CH-09.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-FS-10.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SO-MI-11.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-CH-12.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-FS-13.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SO-CH-14.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 June 28 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-SFS-01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. LV Configuration: Terrier Orion NASA 41.032GE.
  • MM-MW-08 MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion MIDAS.
  • MM-MI-12 Aeronomy / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 4 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. LV Configuration: Terrier Orion NASA 41.033GE.
  • MM-MW-23 MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion MIDAS.
  • MM-MI-24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion MIDAS.
  • MM-MI-25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS-30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MM-VFS-31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 August 21 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-01 Roma-02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 August 21 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2002 August 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2002 August 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 4 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 6 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 10 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 13 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 14 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 17 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 20 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 20 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 26 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 29 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 September 30 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 4 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 7 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 7 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 7 - . 10:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-CH-21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 10 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 October 10 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2003 June 11 - . 16:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Excalibur Target System.
  • MD08 / Excalibur Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2003 June 13 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Excalibur Target System.
  • MD09? / Excalibur Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2004 December 13 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya U3. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-35.
  • DELTA 2004 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 Chaff Test Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Mini-MIDAS.
  • ROMA 2005 RWMM01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Mini-MIDAS.
  • ROMA 2005 RWMM02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROMA 2005 RWCH05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROMA 2005 RWCH08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROMA 2005 RWCH11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 January 18 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROMA 2005 RWCH14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 21 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 25 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 25 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 25 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 January 25 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 RWFS22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 July 4 - . 08:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion HP-200 Hotel.
  • IMEF Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 July 4 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Excalibur Target System. LV Configuration: Excalibur 2.
  • MD11 / Mini Dusty Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 October 27 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • SHEFEX Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

2006 June 19 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200SV.
  • Mini-DUSTY MD-12 Aeronomy / test - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2006 July 1 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.056UO.
  • ESPRIT (SPIRIT 3) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2006 July 1 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion HotPay-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2006 September 9 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • ECOMA 1 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR; DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 September 17 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • ECOMA 2 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR; DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

2007 March 1 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200SV.
  • Mini-DUSTY MD-13 Aeronomy / test - . Nation: India. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

2007 May 3 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Hybrid Test Rocket.
  • HTR Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Nammo; ARR. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

2007 August 3 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.069.
  • MASS 1 (NLCs) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 August 3 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • ECOMA 3 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR; DLR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

2007 August 6 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.070.
  • MASS 2 (NLCs) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 December 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya U3. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.018UE.
  • TRICE High Plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi).

2007 December 10 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Athena. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.022UE.
  • TRICE Low Plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

2008 January 18 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.021UE.
  • SCIFER-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,460 km (900 mi).

2008 January 31 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • ARR HotPay-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi).

2008 March 28 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200SV.
  • Mini-DUSTY MD-14 - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2008 June 30 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved.
2008 July 7 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved.
2008 July 12 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved.
2009 January 26 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-39 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: JAXA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Summary: Launch in the Japanese Delta-2 project. It investigated the upper atmospheric dynamics and energetics in the polar lower thermosphere by releasing trimethyl aluminum (TMA) along the trajectory and then observing the gas from three different locations..

2010 December 4 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • ECOMA 7 - . Nation: Germany; Norway. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Summary: Meteor dust payload..

2010 December 12 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12.
  • NASA 40.026UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: Aurora payload..

2010 December 13 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • ECOMA 8 - . Nation: Germany; Norway. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Summary: Meteor dust payload..

2010 December 19 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • ECOMA 9 - . Nation: Germany; Norway. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Summary: Meteor dust payload..

2011 October 11 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.094UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Atmospheric sciences mission. CHAMPS flights, one nighttime and one daytime, to study meteoritic dust in the upper atmosphere..

2011 October 13 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.093UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Atmospheric sciences mission. CHAMPS flights, one nighttime and one daytime, to study meteoritic dust in the upper atmosphere..

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