Encyclopedia Astronautica
Arecibo



arecibo.gif
Arecibo
Credit: © Mark Wade
Sounding rocket launch site near world's largest radio telescope, known to have been used for 40 launches from 1966 to 1998, reaching up to 375 kilometers altitude.

Location: Camp Tortuguero, and Vega Baja, Puerto Rico.
Longitude: -66.4394 deg.
Latitude: 18.4831 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Apache The Apache upper stage was an improved version of the Cajun. The Thiokol engine used aluminised polyurethane propellant with a higher specific impulse and phenolic lining in the steel nozzle. Cost to NASA was $ 6,000 per rocket. The Apache could be used in a single stage version, but was normally used with a booster stage, usually the Nike. More...
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...
  • Honest John Unguided single-stage solid-propellant US Army missile developed by Douglas Aircraft. It was later used as the booster stage for a range of sounding rockets, test vehicles, and targets. More...
  • Javelin The four-stage Javelin rocket was originally known as the Argo D-4 and was developed by the Air Force to replace its Jason rocket with the mission of measuring radiation in space after high-altitude nuclear explosions. It was subsequently used by NASA for a variety of high-altitude near-space scientific experiments. More...
  • Nike Single stage vehicles consisting first of just the Nike booster were initially fired in the course of development of the Nike-Ajax surface-to-air missile. Later it was used occasionally as a sounding rocket, but much more often as the boost stage of a multi-stage sounding rocket. More...
  • Terrier Standard US Navy surface-to-air missile developed during the 1950's. Modified single stage Navy Terrier missiles were used as sounding rockets, sometimes supplemented with upper stages. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike Apache American sounding rocket. The most popular sounding rocket introduced during the early 1960's was this two-stage, solid-propellant vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Apache upper stage. More...
  • Nike Javelin American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Javelin More...
  • Nike Tomahawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Tomahawk upper stage. Payload 45 kg to 370 km or 115 kg to 215 km. More...
  • Nike Iroquois American sounding rocket. Aerojet developed the Nike-Iroquois (also called Niro) to fulfill a US Air Force requirement for a low-cost sounding rocket with roll control and high structural strength. More...
  • Taurus Orion American sounding rocket. 2 stage vehicle composed of 1 x Taurus (Honest John motor) + 1 x Orion. Payload 68 kg to 260 km or 227 kg to 140 km. More...
  • Black Brant 9 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier Mk 70 + 1 x Black Brant VB. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites

Arecibo Chronology


1966 February 19 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin CRL AFS.502.
  • REDLAMP ROBIN Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin CRL AFS.504.
  • REDLAMP Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin CRL AFS.505.
  • REDLAMP TONI Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin CRL AFS.508. FAILURE: Failure.
  • REDLAMP Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.308UI.
  • Lower ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 September 8 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.305UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 September 8 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.309UI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 October 24 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.637.
  • Arecibo calibration Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 25 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.638.
  • Arecibo cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 26 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.639.
  • Arecibo cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1967 October 27 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.640.
  • Arecibo cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 28 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.641.
  • Arecibo cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.344UM.
  • UM Pitot 34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.53GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.49GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.345UM.
  • UM Pitot 35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.52GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 March 18 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.333UM.
  • UM Pitot 36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1968 May 2 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.644.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1968 May 7 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.643.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 May 12 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.670.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 May 13 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.666.
  • Ba release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 June 2 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SECEDE R1.
  • APPLE Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1968 June 12 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SECEDE R2.
  • DOGWOOD Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1992 May 25 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.224UE.
  • EL COQUI AA-3A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 May 30 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.65DE.
  • EL COQUI AA-4 / IFH Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1992 June 6 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.64CE.
  • EL COQUI AA-3B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

1992 June 9 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.71UE.
  • EL COQUI Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1992 June 23 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.105GE.
  • EL COQUI Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1992 July 2 - . 09:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.82DE.
  • EL COQUI AA-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1992 July 4 - . 08:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.83DE.
  • EL COQUI AA-7 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1992 July 12 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.81CE.
  • EL COQUI AA-2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1998 February 20 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.117UE.
  • Coqui Dos SAL Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1998 February 20 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.119UE.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.118UE.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.067UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.08UE.
  • EDDY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1998 March 7 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.114UE.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere/Release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1998 March 11 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.159UE.
  • Coqui Dos LaTuR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1998 March 25 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.115UE.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere/Release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

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