Encyclopedia Astronautica
Baikonur LC191/66


Tsiklon launch complex.

Longitude: 63.1966 deg.
Latitude: 45.9698 deg.
First Launch: 1969.09.15.
Last Launch: 1971.08.08.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • OGCh Russian military orbital bombing system. 24 launches, 1965.03.05 (FOBS) to 1971.08.08 (Cosmos 433). More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-36-O Ukrainian orbital missile. The R-36-O was the only orbiting military nuclear weapon ever deployed, although in order to remain legal under international treaties it was a 'fractional orbital' weapon. Although American infrared early warning satellites invalidated the 'surprise attack' component of the concept, 18 missiles were operational from 1969 to 1983. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...

Baikonur LC191/66 Chronology


1969 September 15 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36-O. LV Configuration: R-36O 8K69 Yu45201 No. 50T.
  • Cosmos 298 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1969-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 4092 . COSPAR: 1969-077A. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi). Perigee: 127 km (78 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.30 min. Summary: Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1970 July 28 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36-O. LV Configuration: R-36O 8K69 Yu45201 No. 49T.
  • Cosmos 354 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1970-07-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 4481 . COSPAR: 1970-056A. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.50 min. Summary: Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1970 September 25 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69M. LV Configuration: R-36O 8K69M 4502741260.
  • Cosmos 365 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1970-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 4556 . COSPAR: 1970-076A. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi). Perigee: 145 km (90 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 87.70 min. Summary: Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1971 August 8 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69M.
  • Cosmos 433 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1971-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 5402 . COSPAR: 1971-068A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 112 km (69 mi). Inclination: 49.4000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

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