Encyclopedia Astronautica
Biscarosse BLB


SSBS, MSBS launch complex. Base Lancement Balistique

Longitude: -1.2620 deg.
Latitude: 44.3659 deg.
First Launch: 1966.02.15.
Last Launch: 1993.11.03.
Number: 64 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • MSBS M2 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 904 + 1 x Rita II More...
  • SSBS S2 French submarine-launched ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle. More...
  • SSBS S3 French submarine-launched ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 902 + 1 x Rita II More...
  • MSBS M4 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Submarine launched; MRV. Operational. 3 stage vehicle. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...

Biscarosse BLB Chronology


1966 February 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2603.
  • Silo 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2604.
  • Silo 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2605.
  • Silo 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 March 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2606.
  • Silo 4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 B1.
  • B1 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 B2.
  • B2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 A2.
  • A2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 A1.
  • A1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 July 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 October 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 November 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 December 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V1.
  • S02V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V2.
  • S02V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 May 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V3.
  • S02V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V4.
  • S02V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C1.
  • S02C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 October 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C2.
  • S02C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C3.
  • S02C3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 April 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C4.
  • S02C4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 September 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C5.
  • S02C5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C6.
  • S02C6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 December 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 S-1E-2601.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 2601.
  • S02C 2601 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 March 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 2602.
  • S02C 2602 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 July 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 September 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2602.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2603.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2604.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2605.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 June 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2606.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 December 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2607.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 April 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 17 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 April 5 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 June 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 March 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 TS-2601.
  • Qualification test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 November 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1980 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2601.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 June 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2602.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 May 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2603.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2605.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2606.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 October 4 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2604.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 February 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2607.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 June 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2608.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1989 March 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Tir d'exercice - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1989 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2609.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 26010.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1993 November 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 26011.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

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