Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Mesa



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Black Mesa
Credit: © Mark Wade
Military testing range. Known to have been used for 80 launches from 1963 to 1970, reaching up to 250 kilometers altitude.

Location: Blanding, Utah.
Longitude: -109.2900 deg.
Latitude: 37.3700 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Pershing US Army tactical missile, the first and only solid-fueled Medium Range Ballistic Missile deployed by the U.S. Army. It was in service for almost 30 years until all nuclear MRBMs were phased out and destroyed according to arms reduction treaties. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Black Mesa Chronology


1963 September 24 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-59 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 September 25 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-60 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 September 25 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-61 MCG target Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 September 27 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-62 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 September 27 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-63 operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 July 17 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-79 German Operational test - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 July 22 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-80 German Operational test - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 July 19 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-101 FtSill - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-103 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-105 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-106 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-107 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-108 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-104 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-102 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 March 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-115 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 March 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-114 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 March 13 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-117 US Seventh Army Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 March 13 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-116 US Seventh Army Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 March 28 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-118 US Seventh Army DASO-7 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 March 29 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-120 US Seventh Army Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 March 29 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-119 US Seventh Army DASO-8 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 March 29 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-121 US Seventh Army Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 June 2 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T01.
  • X-122 US Seventh Army Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 June 2 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T02.
  • X-123 US Seventh Army Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 June 9 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T03.
  • X-124 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 June 22 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T04.
  • X-125 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 June 23 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T05.
  • X-126 US Seventh Army Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 August 29 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-127 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 August 29 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-128 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 August 29 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-129 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 August 29 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-130 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 September 1 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • Dubious - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 September 1 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • Dubious - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-131 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-132 Operational test - impacted in Mexico - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 November 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-133 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 November 15 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-134 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1967 November 15 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-135 FtSill - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 April 15 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-152 US7A F1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 April 16 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-153 US7A F2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 April 29 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-154 German F3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 April 29 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-155 German F4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1969 May 1 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-157 German F6 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 May 1 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-156 German F5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 May 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-158 US7A F7 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 May 14 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-159 US7A F8 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 September 5 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-160 BRD F1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 September 5 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-161 BRD F2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 September 16 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-162 FtSill F3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 September 16 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-163 FtSill F4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 September 30 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-164 FtSill F5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1969 September 30 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • X-165 FtSill F6 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 April 1 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A. LV Configuration: Pershing 1A - T04 7.
  • X-169 US7A [or Jun?] - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T01.
  • X-166 BRD - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T02.
  • X-167 BRD - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 April 28 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A. LV Configuration: Pershing 1A - T03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-168 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1970 June 1 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T08.
  • X-173 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 June 4 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T05 4.
  • X-170 BRD - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 June 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T06 5.
  • X-171 BRD - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 June 5 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T07 6.
  • X-172 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 July 14 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A. LV Configuration: Pershing 1A DASO T09.
  • X-174 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 July 14 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A. LV Configuration: Pershing 1A DASO T10.
  • X-175 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 August 4 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A. LV Configuration: Pershing 1A - T11.
  • X-176 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 August 4 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A. LV Configuration: Pershing 1A - T12.
  • X-177 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 September 15 - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T01.
  • X-178 FtSill - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 September 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T02.
  • X-179 FtSill - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 September 29 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T03.
  • X-180 US Seventh Army Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 September 29 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T04.
  • X-181 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 September 29 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T05.
  • X-182 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 September 29 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 OffR 117 T06.
  • X-183 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 October 14 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T07.
  • X-184 BRD - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 October 14 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T08. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-185 BRD - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1970 November 5 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T09.
  • X-186 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 November 5 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T10.
  • X-187 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 November 5 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-188 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1970 November 5 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T12.
  • X-189 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 November 23 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T13.
  • X-190 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 November 23 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T14.
  • X-191 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 November 23 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 - T15.
  • X-192 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 November 24 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Mesa. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 OffR 127 T16.
  • X-193 US7A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

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