Encyclopedia Astronautica
Cape Canaveral LC1


Snark launch complex. This complex was constructed for the Snark winged missile program, and may have supported some Matador combat training launches in the 1950s. The Air Force accepted the sites in 1953, and the complexes continued to support Snark launches through 5 December 1960. The pad served as a helicopter pad for the Mercury manned program in the early 1960s, and supported tethered aerostat (balloon) programs from 1983 through 1989.

Longitude: -80.5374 deg.
Latitude: 28.4650 deg.
First Launch: 1955.01.13.
Last Launch: 1960.12.05.
Number: 66 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Snark American intercontinental subsonic cruise missile. Developed 1946-1959; deployed only briefly in 1961 before being made obsolete by ICBM's. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

Cape Canaveral LC1 Chronology


1955 January 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69B GM-13097.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 April 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C GM-13107.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 May 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69A GM-11112.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 August 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C GM-13113.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 October 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10972.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 November 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10977.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10973.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10974.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark.
  • Snark Missile test. - . Nation: USA. Summary: USAF Northrop Snark launched from Cape Canaveral on 2,000-mile flight..

1956 January 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10971.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10978.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10975.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 July 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 51-17577.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 July 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10976.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 August 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 51-17571.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 September 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10961.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 September 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-17578.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 October 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10979.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Full-scale test version of the Snark guided missile (XSM62) successfully recovered for the first time after a flight from Cape Canaveral..

1956 October 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 51-17572.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8172. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1957 January 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 52-10983.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 January 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8173.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 February 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 52-10983?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 February 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8175.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 March 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8174.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 March 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D Inertial 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 April 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D Inertial 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 April 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8176.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 May 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8178. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 May 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8177.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 June 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3321. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1957 July 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3313.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 August 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3323.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 August 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3317.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 September 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3322.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 October 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3324.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Snark intercontinental missile launched from Cape Canaveral first flew 5,000 miles, to a target near Ascension Island..

1957 November 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3316-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3326.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 January 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3327.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 February 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3328.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 March 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3330.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 April 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3329.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 May 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3409.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 May 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3410.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 August 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69E N-3412.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 October 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3318.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 November 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3317.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 December 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3319.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 December 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3308.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 February 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3312-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 March 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3320.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 April 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3422.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 April 21 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3320-1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 May 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3423.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 May 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3424.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 July 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3320.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 September 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3415.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 December 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D N-3317-3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 February 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3425.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 May 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3444.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 June 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3445.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 July 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3446.
  • Category IIE-6, Sta12 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 August 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3448.
  • Category IIE-7, Sta12 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 September 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3452.
  • Category IIE-8, Sta12 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 October 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3454.
  • Category IIE-9 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 November 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3460.
  • Category IIE-10 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark SM-62A N-3458.
  • Category IIE-11, Sta12 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

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