Encyclopedia Astronautica
Cape Canaveral LC15


Titan launch complex. Complexes 15, 16, 19, and 20 were built for the Titan ballistic missile program. The sites were accepted by the U.S. Government between February and mid-September 1959. All four sites supported Titan I launches in 1959 and the early 1960s, and complexes 15 and 16 supported Titan II launches between 16 March 1962 and 10 April 1964. Complex 15 was deactivated in March 1967, and it was dismantled three months later.

Longitude: -80.5493 deg.
Latitude: 28.4963 deg.
First Launch: 1959.02.06.
Last Launch: 1964.04.09.
Number: 26 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Titan 1 American intercontinental ballistic missile. ICBM, built as back-up to Atlas, using two stages instead of one and a half, and conventional tank construction in lieu of balloon tanks. It was also to have been used for suborbital tests of the X-20A Dynasoar manned space plane. For unknown reasons never refurbished for use as space launcher and scrapped after being replaced by the Titan II in the missile role in mid-1960's. More...
  • Titan 2 American intercontinental ballistic missile. ICBM, developed also as the launch vehicle for the manned Gemini spacecraft in the early 1960's. When the ICBM's were retired in the 1980's they were refurbished and a new series of launches began. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

Cape Canaveral LC15 Chronology


1959 February 6 - . 21:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I A-3.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: First test launch of USAF Titan ICBM (A-3) from Cape Canaveral. Dummy second stage (500 km range)..

1959 February 25 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I A-5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1959 April 3 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I A-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1959 May 4 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I A-6.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Successful dummy second stage separation..

1960 February 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-4.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 March 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-5.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: USAF Titan fired 5,000 statute miles / 8000 km and data capsule recovered..

1960 April 21 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-6.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 May 13 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-7.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 June 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-10.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 September 29 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-8.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-1.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 July 11 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-6.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 September 12 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-5.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 October 26 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-12.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 December 19 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-13.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 February 6 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-16.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 March 21 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-18.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 April 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-21. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: Mk 6 re-entry vehicle.

1963 May 24 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-17.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: Mk 6 re-entry vehicle.

1963 August 21 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-24.
  • Research and development / Pod T-202 test / plume study mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Titan II development flight N-24 was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range. This was the first of five flight tests in the Gemini malfunction detection system (MDS) piggyback series. All MDS parameters were lost 81 seconds after liftoff because of a short circuit in the MDS. Operation in the second flight (N-25 on November 1) was normal except for two minor instrumentation problems. Three more test flights (N-29 on December 12, 1963; N-31 on January 15, 1964; and N-33 on March 23, 1964) verified the performance of the Gemini MDS under actual conditions of flight environment and engine operation.

1963 November 1 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-25.
  • Research and development / Pod T test / plume study mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Titan II development flight N-25 was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range. It carried the oxidizer surge chamber and fuel accumulator kit intended to reduce the amplitude of longitudinal vibration which had characterized earlier flights. NASA regarded 0.25g as the maximum level tolerable in manned space flight; this flight achieved a level of 0.22g, the first to fall within acceptable limits. Although the kit had been tested on only one flight, Gemini Project Office had sufficient confidence in it to decide, on November 6, to procure several more such kits for subsequent installation in Gemini launch vehicles. Two later Titan II development flights (N-29 on December 12, 1963, and N-31 on January 15, 1964) and the flight of Gemini-Titan 1 confirmed the validity of this decision. The required kits for the remaining Gemini launch vehicles were then procured.

1963 December 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-29.
  • Research and development / Pod T test / plume study mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 January 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-31.
  • Research and development / Pod T test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 February 26 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-32.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 March 24 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-33.
  • Research and development / Pod T-207 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 April 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-3A.
  • Research and development / Pod RVIP test / plume study mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). This Air Force conducted test program contributed significantly to the development of the Gemini launch vehicle; the Gemini malfunction detection system was tested on five flights, Gemini guidance components on three, and the longitudinal oscillation fix on four. In addition to flight testing these (and other) critical components, these flights also enhanced confidence in the use of the Titan II as a launch vehicle. Thirty-two Titan II test flights were analyzed to determine whether any characteristic of the flight would have demanded a Gemini abort; 22 were adjudged successful from the standpoint of a Gemini mission, nine would have required Gemini to abort, and one resulted in a prelaunch shutdown.

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