Encyclopedia Astronautica
Cassino


Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 27 launches in 1966, reaching up to 297 kilometers altitude.

Location: Rio Grande Do Sul.
Longitude: -52.1673 deg.
Latitude: -32.0834 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Apache The Apache upper stage was an improved version of the Cajun. The Thiokol engine used aluminised polyurethane propellant with a higher specific impulse and phenolic lining in the steel nozzle. Cost to NASA was $ 6,000 per rocket. The Apache could be used in a single stage version, but was normally used with a booster stage, usually the Nike. More...
  • Javelin The four-stage Javelin rocket was originally known as the Argo D-4 and was developed by the Air Force to replace its Jason rocket with the mission of measuring radiation in space after high-altitude nuclear explosions. It was subsequently used by NASA for a variety of high-altitude near-space scientific experiments. More...
  • Nike Single stage vehicles consisting first of just the Nike booster were initially fired in the course of development of the Nike-Ajax surface-to-air missile. Later it was used occasionally as a sounding rocket, but much more often as the boost stage of a multi-stage sounding rocket. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike Apache American sounding rocket. The most popular sounding rocket introduced during the early 1960's was this two-stage, solid-propellant vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Apache upper stage. More...
  • Nike Javelin American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Javelin More...
  • Nike Tomahawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Tomahawk upper stage. Payload 45 kg to 370 km or 115 kg to 215 km. More...
  • Sonda 1 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 1-1 + 1 x Sonda 1-2 More...
  • Nike Hydac American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Hydac More...

Cassino Chronology


1966 November 5 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-4C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 5 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac Cert. Round.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1966 November 5 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin Cert. Round.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA; BRL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-93.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin D-003C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA; BRL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-3C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-94.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.77CA.
  • Aeronomy / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.274UI.
  • Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.302UI.
  • Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-10C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin D-010C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA; BRL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.304UI.
  • Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-95.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin D-015C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA; BRL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-15C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-4.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac D-4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-11.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac D-11.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac D-13.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-13.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin. LV Configuration: Nike Javelin D-016C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA; BRL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-16C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.303UI.
  • Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 November 15 - . 13:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

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