Encyclopedia Astronautica
Chilca



chilca.gif
Chilca
Credit: © Mark Wade
Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 34 launches from 1974 to 1983, reaching up to 742 kilometers altitude.

Location: Chilca Launch Range.
Longitude: -76.7985 deg.
Latitude: -12.5048 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Apache The Apache upper stage was an improved version of the Cajun. The Thiokol engine used aluminised polyurethane propellant with a higher specific impulse and phenolic lining in the steel nozzle. Cost to NASA was $ 6,000 per rocket. The Apache could be used in a single stage version, but was normally used with a booster stage, usually the Nike. More...
  • Arcas The Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings) was developed by the Atlantic Research Corporation for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) with the support of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Primarily a meteorological rocket, the Arcas was first fired in July 1959. The single-stage version was designed to lift 5.4 kg to 64 km. For more demanding missions, several versions of boosted Arcas were developed, as well as a stretched Super Arcas motor. More...
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...
  • Loki American unguided solid-propellant barrage anti-aircraft rocket adapted to use as a meteorological sounding rocket. More...
  • Nike Single stage vehicles consisting first of just the Nike booster were initially fired in the course of development of the Nike-Ajax surface-to-air missile. Later it was used occasionally as a sounding rocket, but much more often as the boost stage of a multi-stage sounding rocket. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike Nike American sounding rocket. 2-4 stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Nike + upper stages. More...
  • Nike Apache American sounding rocket. The most popular sounding rocket introduced during the early 1960's was this two-stage, solid-propellant vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Apache upper stage. More...
  • Nike Tomahawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Tomahawk upper stage. Payload 45 kg to 370 km or 115 kg to 215 km. More...
  • Super Arcas American sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle, improved version of the original Arcas with a lengthened motor burning for 40 seconds. Payload 4 kg to 100 km or 8 kg to 40 km. More...
  • Super Loki American sounding rocket. Larger-diameter version of single-stage Loki sounding rocket, developed originally for NASA's Marshall Spaceflight Center. More...
  • Castor (A) Argentinan sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 4 x Canopus + 1 x Canopus More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Chilca Chronology


1974 March 29 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B.
  • EQUION Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Aerospace. Apogee: 742 km (461 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.170GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.139UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.133GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.171GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.140UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 07:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.134GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.135GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki G 1-7743.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki G 1-7742.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1975 May 25 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki G 1-7744.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1975 May 27 - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.531UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1975 May 27 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.530UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1975 May 28 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.142UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1975 May 28 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.532UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1975 May 28 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.141UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1975 May 29 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.538UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1975 May 30 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.524UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1975 June 2 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.525UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1975 June 3 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.149GE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1975 June 3 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.540CA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1975 June 7 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.150GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1975 June 7 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.541CA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1979 March 21 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1979 March 22 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1979 October 23 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.803-1.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1979 October 24 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.803-2.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1979 October 29 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.803-3.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1983 March 8 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.218UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 March 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.223UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 March 8 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.221UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.220UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 02:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TU1-0381 PWN-12A.
  • CONDOR Sphere - . Nation: Peru. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TU1-0383 PWN-12A.
  • CONDOR Sphere - . Nation: Peru. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 05:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TU1-0383 PWN-12A.
  • CONDOR Sphere - . Nation: Peru. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 10:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.219UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.222UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use