Encyclopedia Astronautica
Hammaguira



hammagui.gif
Hammaguira
Credit: © Mark Wade
The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967.

The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Two launch areas were established there:

  • B0, the first pad, for test of light missiles
  • B1, for larger rockets, available from December 1949.

Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952.

By the end of the 1950's the launch complexes at Hammaguir had been expanded to include:

  • Bacchus for solid propellant sounding rockets
  • Blandine for liquid propellant sounding rockets
  • Beatrice for Hawk surface-to-air missile tests. This was later used for launches of the Cora test vehicle in support of the Europa orbital launcher program
  • Brigitte for the 'precious stones' rocket series, culminating in the Diamant orbital launcher

The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana.

Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967.

Minimum Inclination: 34.0 degrees. Maximum Inclination: 40.0 degrees.

AKA: CIEES; Centre Interarmees d'Essais d'Engins Speciaux.
Location: Centre Interarmees d'Essais d'Engins Speciaux (CIEES).
Longitude: -2.8358 deg.
Latitude: 31.0995 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
  • Algeria France conducted numerous space and missile launches from Algerian territory from 1947-1967. These facilities were abandoned as a condition of the agreement ending the Algerian Civil War. Algeria did not take concrete steps to return to space until the 1990's, when the decision was taken to participate in an international constellation of disaster-monitoring satellites. More...

Associated Spacecraft
  • Asterix French technology satellite. One launch, 1965.11.26. First French satellite. Launched from Hammaguir (Algeria) in order to test the "Diamant" launching vehicle for the first time. More...
  • D French earth geodetic satellite. 8 launches, 1966.02.17 (Diapason) to 1975.09.27 (Aura). Small French science and technology satellites used on early Diamant launch vehicle tests. More...
  • Diadem French earth geodetic satellite. 2 launches, 1967.02.08 (Diademe 1) and 1967.02.15 (Diademe 2). French geodetic satellites. More...

See also
  • Antares Antares was a re-entry vehicle test booster. The first three stages lofted the fourth stage and RV model to 150 km altitude. The fourth stage then fired downward to ram the RV at Mach 7 into the atmosphere. More...
  • Belenos Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Elan + 1 x Aurore More...
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...
  • Diamant In December 1961 France decided to demonstrate an indigenous satellite-launch capability, using stages in development for its ballistic missile program. Following careful evolutionary development, Diamant was successful on its first attempt in 1965. Improved versions were flown over the next ten years. More...
  • Europa Europe's first space launcher. The first stage was a British Blue Streak IRBM, the second stage the French Coralie, and the third stage the German Astris. All orbital launch attempts failed due to unreliability of the third stage. The project was cancelled after withdrawal of British support and replaced by the Ariane. More...
  • Monica French low-cost, three-stage, solid-propellant sounding rocket developed in France in the 1950's in support of the International Geophysical Year. More...
  • MSBS Family of French submarine-launched ballistic missiles. More...
  • Stromboli The second series of Sud Aviation sounding rockets were designed to carry large diameter payloads, and used Stromboli motors only. More...
  • VE Series of Experimental Vehicles (VE's), each named after precious stones, leading to the MSBS/SSBS solid propellant missiles that made up the French nuclear deterrent. More...
  • Vega SAM French surface-to-air missile, tested at Hammaguir in early 1961 but not put into production. More...
  • Veronique After the cancellation of the 'Super V-2' project, the German team at Vernon pursued development of a tenth-scale version, the Project 4213 Veronique (VERnon et electrONIQUE). The 4 tonne thrust motor, using nitric acid and kerosene, beat the 'pure French' project 4211 Eole design and paved the way leading to the Ariane space booster. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Veronique After the cancellation of the 'Super V-2' project, the German team at Vernon pursued development of a tenth-scale version, the Project 4213 Veronique (VERnon et electrONIQUE). The 4 tonne thrust motor, using nitric acid and kerosene, beat the 'pure French' project 4211 Eole design and paved the way leading to the Ariane space booster. More...
  • Eole French test vehicle. Second missile developed by Jean-Jacques Barre and end of that lineage. More...
  • SE.4400 French surface-to-air missile. SNCASE missile design using a Stromboli booster and two ramjet sustainers. More...
  • Antares French test vehicle. Antares was a re-entry vehicle test booster. The first three stages lofted the fourth stage and RV model to 150 km altitude. The fourth stage then fired downward to ram the RV at Mach 7 into the atmosphere. More...
  • Aigle VE10 The Aigle's simple mission was to allow test of the telemetry equipment that would be used on later instrumented warheads. The first version of the Aigle was a simple fin-stabilised solid rocket propelled by a Stromboli SEPR 737 loaded with 984 kg of 'Plastolite' propellant. More...
  • Belier I French sounding rocket. Basic Belier single stage vehicle, powered with a Jericho rocket motor loaded with 208 kg of 'Epictete' solid propellant with a specific impulse of 190 seconds. More...
  • Centaure French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier I II, or III single stage sounding rocket was augmented by a Venus booster with 94 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Agate The Agate was the first of the 'precious stone' series of French rockets leading to the Diamant satellite launcher. The single-stage vehicle used the NA801 Mammouth solid propellant rocket developed originally for the SSBT program. The purpose of the fin-stabilised unguided rocket was to test the recoverable instrument pod planned for later missile tests. The Agate R / VE110RR version was used to develop recovery procedures at sea. More...
  • Dragon 1 French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier upper stage was augmented by a Stromboli booster with 686 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Topaze VE111 Topaze was the first guided rocket in the French 'precious stones' series. As such it was the first launched from a pad rather than a ramp. The initial model was the VE111C (short) with the NA802 motor. More...
  • Emma French test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Emma Booster + 1 x Emma More...
  • Aigle VE10A The VE10A used an improved, lightened version of the Stromboli booster. More...
  • Topaze VE111L French test vehicle. The VE111L (long) used the stretched NA803 motor. The VE111L was successfully demonstrated the thrust vectoring concept over a longer burn period. The last two flights were VE111LG configuration, equipped with all-up inertial navigation systems. More...
  • Veronique 61 French sounding rocket. Development of an improved version of Veronique, with a 50% increase in thrust, began in 1961. The much larger vehicle could reach 315 km with the standard Veronique 60 kg payload. More...
  • Rubis French orbital launch vehicle. Two-stage test vehicle consisting of 1 x Agate + 1 x P064. It was designed to test the upper stage and payload elements of the Diamant orbital launcher. These included fairing jettison, spin-up, release, and ignition of the P064 final stage. Six launches were used to validate the design and led to the success of the Diamant on its first flight. The last four launches were made on behalf of CNES to validate payloads for the D1 satellite and carry scientific instruments for the Paris Observatory and Max Planck Institute. More...
  • Emeraude VE121 French orbital launch vehicle. Emeraude was a step toward larger liquid propellant launch vehicles, building on the Veronique and Vesta experience. It burned 12.8 tonnes nitric acid/turpentine pressure-fed propellants in 91 seconds. Tthe engine was gimbaled for pitch and yaw control, with aerodynamic fins controlling roll. In anticipation of the next step, Saphir, a dummy Topaze stage topped the vehicle to confirm aerodynamic characteristics. The first three launches were failures due to propellant sloshing. This was remedied in the later tests. More...
  • Saphir French orbital launch vehicle. Saphir was the penultimate step in the 'precious stones' series. The variants of the two-stage vehicle were designed to allow testing of radio-controlled guidance (VE231P), inertial guidance (VE231G), and warhead separation and re-entry of an ablative RV (VE231R). Addition of a third stage would transform Saphir into the Diamant satellite launcher. More...
  • Vesta French sounding rocket. In the late 1950's LRBA studied several possible configurations for a 'Super Veronique' sounding rocket, with engines of 80 to 250 kN to carry a payload of 100 kg up to 600 km altitude. In 1962 CNES ordered the Vesta configuration. Static tests in 1964 led to a modest series of launches in 1965-1969. More...
  • Veronique AGI French sounding rocket. The Veronique AGI was the rocket originally intended for the International Geophysical Year order. It followed the configuration of the Veronique NA, but had a lower empty weight, a simplified engine using single wall cooling, and used turpentine fuel instead of kerosene. This increased the specific impulse, decreased combustion instabilities, and allowed the version to reach 210 km altitude. More...
  • Diamant A French orbital launch vehicle. Diamant development could be done relatively quickly using stages and systems being developed for strategic missiles. In May 1962 CNES selected DMA as program manager, with SEREB as the prime contractor. The Diamant orbital launch vehicle was created by replacing the payload of the existing Saphir test vehicle with a new third stage. Prior to any all-up satellite launch attempt the P064 third stage was flight tested on the smaller suborbital Rubis test vehicle. This evolutionary approach paid off. More...
  • Veronique 61M French sounding rocket. Lengthened version of Veronique 61 capable of carrying an increased payload of 100 kg. More...
  • Cora European orbital launch vehicle. Cora was an experimental rocket to test the second and third stages of the Europa launch vehicle. More...
  • Dauphin French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket consisting of a single Stromboli motor. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites

Hammaguira Chronology


1947 April 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira.
  • Colomb Bechar rocket test range established. - . Nation: France. Summary: French Government established rocket test range at Colomb Bechar, Algeria..

1952 May 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1952 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1952 November 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 November 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1952 November 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 November 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N9. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1952 November 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Eole. FAILURE: Failed after seven seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Weeks of delays due to problems with getting liquid oxygen to the remote test site have delayed Barre's entry in the fly-off against the Veronique. The first Eole broke up after 7 seconds of flight, a failure attributed to tracer flares fitted to the fins.

1952 November 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Eole. FAILURE: Failed after 25 seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 2.95 km (1.83 mi). Summary: The tracers used on the last flight were omitted. This rocket again loses its fins, but continued to an altitude of 2.95 km. It is determined that the fins were not able to withstand going through the sound barrier..

1953 April 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 April 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1954 February 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1954 February 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1954 April 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE.4400 F02.
  • - . Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1954 October 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA13. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1954 October 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1955 February 25 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 1 to Mar 7 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 April 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 2 to Apr 19 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 June 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 3 to Jun 11 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 October 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 4 to Oct 11 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE.4400 F41.
  • - . Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1955 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE.4400 F40.
  • SEPR 505 booster - . Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1956 January 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 5 to Feb 2 Test / release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1957 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F77. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F78.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F79.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F80.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F81.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F84.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F75.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F85.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 April 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F83. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 January 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F86. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 January 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F87.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 March 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 March 10 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI17.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1959 March 12 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI16.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1959 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F88.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F76.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1960 February 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1960 February 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI23. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 2 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI22.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1960 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI21.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F89.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F90.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI20.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1960 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI19.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1960 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI25.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI26.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Vega SAM. Launch Vehicle: Vega Statoreacteur.
  • Ramjet - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 February 11 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI27.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1961 February 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI28. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 February 15 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI29.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI30. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 February 22 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI24.
  • Life Science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi). Summary: French Veronique launched capsule containing rat (Hector) to 152 km altitude, recovered successfully..

1961 March 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F91.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1961 March 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F92.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1961 March 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 March 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 May 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 013.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1961 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B05.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNET. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C03.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B06.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNET. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 June 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 June 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 June 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI31.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 November 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 November 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 December 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C08.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 March 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI39.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C18.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI38.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C19.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B08. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 October 15 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI37.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI36.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1962 October 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI44.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 23 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI32.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Summary: Diffuse solar radiation mission..

1962 October 29 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI34.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1962 November 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C20.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C32.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C26.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C27. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 December 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C21.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Meteo-MD. LV Configuration: Meteo-MD MD-01/6 (106). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Meteo-MD. LV Configuration: Meteo-MD MD-01/5 (105). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1962 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 February 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 05.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 02.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1963 February 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1963 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 March 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 April 20 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI35.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1963 April 23 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI49.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1963 April 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-04. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1963 May 1 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI45.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1963 May 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B01.
  • Radioactivity Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI48.
  • Coronagraph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Summary: No recovery. Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1963 May 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C51.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 15 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C42.
  • MPE Ba-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 May 21 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C43.
  • MPE Ba-4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1963 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Meteo-MD. LV Configuration: Meteo-MD MD-01/8 (108).
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Meteo-MD. LV Configuration: Meteo-MD Meteo M1A 01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 June 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C54.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C55.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C53.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI33. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1963 June 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1963 June 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1963 October 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 04.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1963 October 18 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI47.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 October 24 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI50. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1963 October 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-05.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi).

1963 December 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L L1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 February 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C13.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1964 February 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-07.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C44.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C56.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C52.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C40.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C57.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 14 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C38.
  • MPE Ba-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 15 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C34.
  • MPE Ba-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L L2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 April 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-09.
  • FU-104B Probe / Na Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1964 April 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C58.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 April 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C59.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 April 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-06.
  • FU-104B Probe / Na Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 425 km (264 mi).

1964 April 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI51.
  • Solar La Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi). Summary: FU110 Atomic H (Ly-alpha), Solar X-rays mission..

1964 May 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C60.
  • CNET A test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C33.
  • CNET A test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C22.
  • Seddon Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C46.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C23.
  • Seddon Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 June 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 Ci1.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA75.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R1.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 June 12 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R2.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA76.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1964 June 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 June 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 July 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. LV Configuration: Aurore 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: MNF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C62.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C63.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 October 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 October 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 Ci2.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 November 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 November 4 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI53.
  • Solar La Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: FU110 Atomic H (Ly-alpha), Solar X-rays mission..

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C69.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C47.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 8 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI52.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrum / CU point Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi). Summary: FU111 UV Solar Astronomy / Ptr mission..

1964 November 27 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C75/EXP-9.
  • MPE Ba-9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 November 30 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C76/EXP-10.
  • MPE Ba-10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 December 3 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-16.
  • FU-103B MPE Ba-11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi).

1964 December 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 Ci3.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 December 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 Ci4.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 December 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI56.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1965 February 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 March 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C85.
  • SINTRA pointing Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 May 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L LG1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L LG2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA79.
  • FU-144 Lyra alpha Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi). Summary: FU144 Atomic H (Ly-alpha) mission..

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R5.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R6.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R7.
  • Rubis 01/D-1 Test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,020 km (1,250 mi). Summary: Carried a D-1 satellite test experiment, a magnetosphere sensor, and a Meudon radioastronomy experiment with a 36m dipole observing at 1.8 and 2.4 MHz.

1965 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C106.
  • Cs Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C50.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C61.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C74.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 July 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 P1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 July 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 P2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R8.
  • Rubis 02 Radio astronomy / particles mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,760 km (1,090 mi).

1965 October 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 P3.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi).

1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 001.
  • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 October 22 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI/V54.
  • FU-115 Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Summary: FU115 Electron density mission..

1965 October 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2601.
  • Essai 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 October 25 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 002.
  • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 October 28 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI/V55.
  • FU-115 electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Summary: FU115 Electron density mission..

1965 November 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2602.
  • Essai 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C119.
  • MPE Ba-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 November 19 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C120.
  • MPE Ba-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-8.
  • MPE Ba-16? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi).

1965 November 26 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. LV Configuration: Diamant A No. 1.
  • Asterix 1 - . Payload: A 1. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Asterix. USAF Sat Cat: 1778 . COSPAR: 1965-096A. Apogee: 1,697 km (1,054 mi). Perigee: 527 km (327 mi). Inclination: 34.3000 deg. Period: 107.50 min. Summary: First French satellite. French scientific satellite 'A-I'. Launched from Hammaguir (Algeria) in rder to test the 'Diamant' launching vehicle for the first time..

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C131.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C128.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C94.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C130.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 January 17 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C127.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1966 January 21 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-21.
  • FU-133 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 February 17 - . 08:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. LV Configuration: Diamant A No. 2.
  • Diapason - . Payload: D-1A. Mass: 19 kg (41 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: D. USAF Sat Cat: 2016 . COSPAR: 1966-013A. Apogee: 2,484 km (1,543 mi). Perigee: 502 km (311 mi). Inclination: 34.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Summary: Scientific satellite 'D-I' launched from Hammaguir (Algeria)..

1966 March 3 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C77.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 March 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G2.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA80.
  • FU-155 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1966 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R2.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 4 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA78.
  • FU-145 ACS test / astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: FU145 Technology (Attitude control) mission..

1966 April 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 6 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI/57.
  • FU-126 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: FU126 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1966 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R9.
  • Rubis 03 / MPE Ba-17 Plasma / ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,035 km (1,264 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-12.
  • FU-130 Lyra alpha Aeronomy / chemical / lyra-alpha spectrometry mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1966 May 12 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-13.
  • FU-130 Lyra alpha Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi).

1966 May 23 - . 05:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-14.
  • FU-131 Atomic Hydrogen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1966 May 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Essai 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Essai 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 13 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C68.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1966 June 14 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-15.
  • FU-131 Atomic Hydrogen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-22.
  • FU-131 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C70.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R4.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 June 27 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI/60.
  • FU-154 recovery test - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi). Summary: FU154 Technology (recovery) mission..

1966 October 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA77.
  • FU-145 ionosphere Magnetosphere / ionosphere / astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi). Summary: FU145 Technology + Ionosphere / Stab mission..

1966 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R3.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C140.
  • FU-109 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 October 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G3.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G4.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C105.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C139.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 18 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA82.
  • FU-158 Recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). Summary: FU158 Technology (recovery) mission..

1966 November 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Cora. LV Configuration: Cora G1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 December 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 59.
  • FU-149 ionosphere / mass spectrometer Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). Summary: FU149 Ion Density, mass spectrometry mission..

1966 December 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R6.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 December 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Cora. LV Configuration: Cora G2.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi). Summary: Only completely successful test..

1967 January 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA84.
  • FU-161 Astronomy X-ray astronomy / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Summary: FU161 X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1967 January 13 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 63.
  • FU-160 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi). Summary: FU160 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1967 January 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA85.
  • FU-145B astronomy Test / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi). Summary: FU145b X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1967 January 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G5.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 January 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G6.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 February 8 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. LV Configuration: Diamant A No. 3. FAILURE: Partial Failure - injected into too low an orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Diademe 1 - . Payload: Diademe D-1C. Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Diadem. USAF Sat Cat: 2674 . COSPAR: 1967-011A. Apogee: 1,084 km (673 mi). Perigee: 545 km (338 mi). Inclination: 40.0000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Summary: Orbit too low. Launch time of Diadem I was 10:39:40 on 8 Feb 1967. Launch time of Diadem II was 11:06:57 on 15 Feb 1967..

1967 February 15 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. LV Configuration: Diamant A No. 4.
  • Diademe 2 - . Payload: Diademe D-1D. Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Diadem. USAF Sat Cat: 2680 . COSPAR: 1967-014A. Apogee: 1,733 km (1,076 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 39.4000 deg. Period: 108.50 min. Summary: Launch time of Diadem I was 10:39:40 on 8 Feb 1967. Launch time of Diadem II was 11:06:57 on 15 Feb 1967. .

1967 February 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA81.
  • FU-176 Recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: FU176 Technology (recovery) mission..

1967 March 7 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 004.
  • FU-147 Biological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1967 March 13 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 005.
  • FU-147 Biological (Macaca) Biological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1967 March 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 64.
  • FU-174 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: FU174 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1967 March 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA001. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-163 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 March 24 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA86.
  • FU-156 ionosphere / biology Ionosphere / plasma / biology mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Summary: FU156 Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1967 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C145.
  • CNES C145 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 March 29 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA87.
  • FU-156 ionosphere / biology Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Summary: FU156 Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1967 April 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA88.
  • FU-178 PUV-3 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi). Summary: FU178 X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

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