Encyclopedia Astronautica
Ile du Levant



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Ile du Levant
Credit: © Mark Wade
In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude.

Location: Centre d'Essais de la Mediterranee, Var.
Longitude: 6.4789 deg.
Latitude: 43.0451 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Antares Antares was a re-entry vehicle test booster. The first three stages lofted the fourth stage and RV model to 150 km altitude. The fourth stage then fired downward to ram the RV at Mach 7 into the atmosphere. More...
  • Belenos Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Elan + 1 x Aurore More...
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...
  • Berenice Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares. More...
  • Daniel Israel and South Africa collaborated closely in rocket technology in the 1970's and 1980's. South Africa provided Israel with the uranium and test facilities it needed for its strategic weapons programmes. In exchange Israel provided aerospace technology. This included the capability of building the ten-tonne solid propellant rocket motors designed for the Israeli Jericho-2 missile. These motors were the basis of two space launchers for an indigenous 'R5b' space programme. It seems that South Africa also planned to use these motors in a series of missiles to provide a nuclear deterrent. More...
  • Jericho First Israeli ballistic missile. Developed by Dassualt in France as the MD-620. Test series included both one and two stage prototypes. Follow-on versions were said to have differed. More...
  • Monica French low-cost, three-stage, solid-propellant sounding rocket developed in France in the 1950's in support of the International Geophysical Year. More...
  • MSBS Family of French submarine-launched ballistic missiles. More...
  • Stromboli The second series of Sud Aviation sounding rockets were designed to carry large diameter payloads, and used Stromboli motors only. More...
  • VE Series of Experimental Vehicles (VE's), each named after precious stones, leading to the MSBS/SSBS solid propellant missiles that made up the French nuclear deterrent. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Daniel French test vehicle. Three stage test vehicle for Israel's Jericho consisting of 1 x SPRAN-50 + 1 x MD-620 + 1 x Melanie More...
  • Antares French test vehicle. Antares was a re-entry vehicle test booster. The first three stages lofted the fourth stage and RV model to 150 km altitude. The fourth stage then fired downward to ram the RV at Mach 7 into the atmosphere. More...
  • Belier I French sounding rocket. Basic Belier single stage vehicle, powered with a Jericho rocket motor loaded with 208 kg of 'Epictete' solid propellant with a specific impulse of 190 seconds. More...
  • Centaure French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier I II, or III single stage sounding rocket was augmented by a Venus booster with 94 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Agate The Agate was the first of the 'precious stone' series of French rockets leading to the Diamant satellite launcher. The single-stage vehicle used the NA801 Mammouth solid propellant rocket developed originally for the SSBT program. The purpose of the fin-stabilised unguided rocket was to test the recoverable instrument pod planned for later missile tests. The Agate R / VE110RR version was used to develop recovery procedures at sea. More...
  • Berenice French sounding rocket. Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares. More...
  • Lex French sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle. More...
  • Belenos French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Elan + 1 x Aurore More...
  • Jericho First Israeli ballistic missile. Developed by Dassualt in France as the MD-620. Test series included both one and two stage prototypes. Follow-on versions were said to have differed. More...
  • Tacite French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket using a single Stromboli SEPR 739-2 stage with 'Plastoline' propellant. Stabilisation was by four fins and a nitrogen cold-gas spin thrusters. More...
  • Dauphin French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket consisting of a single Stromboli motor. More...
  • Epona French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Belisama + 1 x Belisama More...
  • Grannos French test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Emilie + 1 x Melusine More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites

Ile du Levant Chronology


1956 May 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1956 May 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 6 to jun 13 test - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 January 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 May 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 May 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 January 27 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Daniel. Launch Vehicle: Daniel. LV Configuration: Daniel 01.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1959 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 001.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 002.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 December 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 003.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 004.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 005.
  • Date may be 19 May - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 September 26 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 006.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 007.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 25 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 008.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 009.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 010.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 011.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 7 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 012.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 October 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Daniel. Launch Vehicle: Daniel. LV Configuration: Daniel 03.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 October 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Daniel. Launch Vehicle: Daniel. LV Configuration: Daniel 02.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B02. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 May 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 May 16 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 May 18 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C14.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 001.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 Q3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 003.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 July 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 002.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 004.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 November 21 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B45.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 November 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C37.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C25.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C48.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 005.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 006.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B73.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 November 19 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate. LV Configuration: Agate R. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 November 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate. LV Configuration: Agate R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 008.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 007.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 February 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate. LV Configuration: Agate R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 April 20 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate. LV Configuration: Agate R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 April 25 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LEX-01 test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 009.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 010.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 29 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • ESRO C02 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C64.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C71.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 10 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B69.
  • Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 011.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Tir 1 test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: First launch of prototype single-stage MD.620..

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02/3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02/2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02/1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C95.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C65.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C84.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C83.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 012.
  • Titus test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 March 16 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Bietage test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: First launch of two-stage version of MD.620..

1966 July 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 4 RSO test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 4 RSO Test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M011.
  • Caisson 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 April 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 April 19 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 May 8 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 May 9 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 May 11 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 June 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA002.
  • FU-179 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02B/1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02B/2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02B/4.
  • SECT Meteo Meteorological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02B/3.
  • SECT Meteorological Meteorological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1967 November 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite 002. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-169 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M011.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 March 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Epona. LV Configuration: Epona 1.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 March 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite TACITE 02.
  • Earth infrared Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1968 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Final test launch of Jericho/MD.620 from France. Full French military embargo of Israel took effect in January 1969 after an Israeli raid on Beirut in December 1968..

1968 October 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite 004.
  • Sun pointing test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Grannos.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C81.
  • CNES C81 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C82.
  • CNES C82 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

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