Encyclopedia Astronautica
Johnston Island LC2


Redstone launch complex. Pad 2

Longitude: -169.5226 deg.
Latitude: 16.7369 deg.
First Launch: 1958.08.12.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Redstone Redstone was the first large liquid rocket developed in the US using German V-2 technology. Originally designated Hermes C. Redstones later launched the first US satellite and the first American astronaut into space. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Johnston Island US military base on this island in the Pacific Ocean. Used for rocket-launched nuclear tests in the 1950's. In the 1960's it was the site for the operational AFP-437 anti-satellite system. The system was retired in 1975. Several sounding rockets were also launched over the years, either in support of nuclear tests or in experiments related to anti-satellite technology. Known to have been used for 124 launches from 1958 to 1975, reaching up to 1158 kilometers altitude. More...

Johnston Island LC2 Chronology


1958 August 12 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC2. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone CC-51. FAILURE: Guidance system malfunction at 70 seconds which did not preclude subsequent system operations and successful mission accomplishment..
  • Hardtack Orange Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi). Orange was a rocket-launched test of the W-39 warhead. Purpose was to measure the effects of high altitude nuclear explosions in order to design warheads for Nike-Zeus anti-ballistic missile system. The Hardtack Configuration Redstone shot the 3.8 megaton warhead to an altitude of 43 km.

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