Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kapustin Yar Mayak-1


Kosmos 2 launch silo.

Longitude: 46.2500 deg.
Latitude: 48.5500 deg.
First Launch: 1959.09.02.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-12 Ukrainian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-12 was the first operationally effective intermediate range ballistic missile, the first Soviet missile deployed with a thermonuclear warhead, and the first mass-produced missile in history. 2,300 of the storable propellant rockets were built and deployed in both mobile and silo-based versions for thirty years, from March 1959 to June 1989. It was a primary element in the Soviet deterrent threatening Western Europe and China throughout the Cold War. Deployment of R-12's to Cuba in 1962 precipitated the Cuba Missile Crisis. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Kapustin Yar Mayak-1 Chronology


1959 September 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

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