Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kapustin Yar Mayak-2


Kosmos 2 launch silo.

Longitude: 46.2500 deg.
Latitude: 48.5500 deg.
First Launch: 1959.12.21.
Last Launch: 1964.10.24.
Number: 26 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • DS-1 Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1961.10.27 (DS-1 s/n 1) and 1961.12.21 (DS-1 s/n 2). Technology test version of the original DS light satellite design. Primary mission was to test launch vehicle. More...
  • DS-2 Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1962.03.16 (Cosmos 1) to 1964.12.01 (DS-2 s/n 2). More...
  • 1MS Russian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1962.04.06 (Cosmos 2) to 1962.10.25 (1MS). Early Kosmos launcher payloads of unknown purpose, possibly from Korolev OKB. More...
  • 2MS Russian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1962.04.24 (Cosmos 3) to 1962.05.28 (Cosmos 5). Early Kosmos launcher payloads of unknown purpose, possibly from Korolev OKB. More...
  • DS-P1 Ukrainian military target satellite. 4 launches, 1962.06.30 (Cosmos 6) to 1964.02.27 (Cosmos 25). Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems. More...
  • DS-K-8 Ukrainian earth micrometeoroid satellite. One launch, 1962.08.18, Cosmos 8. Detected meteoroid flux in near-earth space and carried unspecified military research equipment. More...
  • DS-A1 Ukrainian navigation technology satellite. 7 launches, 1962.10.20 (Cosmos 11) to 1965.07.02 (Cosmos 70). More...
  • Omega Russian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1963.04.13 (Cosmos 14) to 1963.12.13 (Cosmos 23). Early Cosmos satellite, evidently using the Yuzhnoye DS satellite bus. Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. More...
  • DS-MT Ukrainian technology satellite. 3 launches, 1963.06.01 (DS-MT s/n 1) to 1964.12.10 (Cosmos 51). Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays. More...
  • DS-MG Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1964.03.18 (Cosmos 26) to 1964.10.24 (Cosmos 49). Payload developed by VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied magnetosphere of the earth. More...
  • DS-P1-Yu Ukrainian military target satellite. 79 launches, 1964.07.30 (Cosmos 36) to 1976.08.26 (Cosmos 850). Development of systems for air defense and the control of outer space. More...
  • Strela-1 Russian military store-dump communications satellite. 29 launches, 1964.08.18 (Cosmos 38) to 1965.09.18 (Cosmos 90). More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-12 Ukrainian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-12 was the first operationally effective intermediate range ballistic missile, the first Soviet missile deployed with a thermonuclear warhead, and the first mass-produced missile in history. 2,300 of the storable propellant rockets were built and deployed in both mobile and silo-based versions for thirty years, from March 1959 to June 1989. It was a primary element in the Soviet deterrent threatening Western Europe and China throughout the Cold War. Deployment of R-12's to Cuba in 1962 precipitated the Cuba Missile Crisis. More...
  • Kosmos 63S1 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. The 63S1 initial production version was used through May 1966 for a total of 40 launches, of which 12 were failures. It was succeeded by the 63S1M prototype for the 11K63 production space launcher. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Kapustin Yar Mayak-2 Chronology


1959 December 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1959 December 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1961 October 27 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-2 s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-1. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-1. COSPAR: F611027A. Summary: Failed first attempt to launch a DS-1 technology test version of the DS satellite atop a Cosmos 63S1 small launch vehicle. The boster didn't reach orbital velocity due to the failure of an acceleration integrator in the velocity regulation control..

1961 December 21 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed 354 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-1 s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-1. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-1. COSPAR: F611221A. Second attempted launch of Cosmos 63S1 small launch vehicle 2LK with a DS-1 satgellite. This time the new second stage failed. The oxidiser was exhausted before orbital velocity could be reached due to uncontrolled pumping of liquid oxygen into the combustion chamber. The upper stage and satellite impacted in the Kurile Islands. An Expert Commission headed by Ustinov was convened to review the program.

1962 March 16 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 6LK.
  • Cosmos 1 - . Payload: DS-2 s/n 2. Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-2. Completed Operations Date: 1962-03-26 . Decay Date: 1962-05-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 266 . COSPAR: 1962-Theta-1. Apogee: 649 km (403 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. After five months of further work and tests to improve the reliability of the second stage, Yangel's team felt it was ready to again attempt a launch of the 63S1 booster. 63S1 s/n 6LK put a DS-2 satellite into orbit, which conducted studies of the ionosphere. This was the first successful launch of the Kosmos 63S1 launch vehicle. A decision was made after two unsuccessful launches of the DS-1 to create a simplified DS-2 spacecraft based on the equipment and structural elements of DS-1 spacecraft. The cylindrical section for mission avionics was completely omitted.

1962 April 6 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 5LK.
  • Cosmos 2 - . Payload: 1MS s/n 1. Mass: 285 kg (628 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 1MS. Decay Date: 1963-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 269 . COSPAR: 1962-Iota-1. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Summary: Radiation, cosmic ray data. Decay date suspect Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 April 24 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 4LK.
  • Cosmos 3 - . Payload: 2MS s/n 1. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 2MS. Decay Date: 1962-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 281 . COSPAR: 1962-Nu-1. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 93.80 min. Summary: Cosmic ray, radiation data. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 May 28 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 3LK.
  • Cosmos 5 - . Payload: 2MS s/n 2. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 2MS. Decay Date: 1963-05-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 297 . COSPAR: 1962-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 1,578 km (980 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 102.60 min. Summary: Monitored artificial radiation. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 June 30 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 6 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1962-07-06 . Decay Date: 1962-09-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 338 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Delta-1. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 261 km (162 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Summary: Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1962 August 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 8 - . Payload: DS-K-8 s/n 1. Mass: 337 kg (742 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: DS-K-8. Completed Operations Date: 1962-08-23 . Decay Date: 1963-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 367 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Xi-1. Apogee: 598 km (371 mi). Perigee: 244 km (151 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Summary: Detected meteoroid flux in near-earth space and carried unspecified military research equipment..

1962 October 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 11 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 1. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1962-10-28 . Decay Date: 1964-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 441 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Theta-1. Apogee: 858 km (533 mi). Perigee: 240 km (140 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1962 October 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • 1MS - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 1MS. COSPAR: F621025A.

1963 April 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-P1 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1. COSPAR: F630406A. Summary: Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1963 April 13 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 14 - . Payload: DS-U / Omega-1. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omega. Decay Date: 1963-08-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 567 . COSPAR: 1963-010A. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Summary: Tested VNIIEM electric gyrodyne satellite orientation technology..

1963 May 22 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 17 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 2. Mass: 322 kg (709 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1963-05-30 . Decay Date: 1965-06-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 580 . COSPAR: 1963-017A. Apogee: 658 km (408 mi). Perigee: 251 km (155 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 June 1 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 4 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-MT s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-MT. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MT. COSPAR: F630601A. Summary: Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays..

1963 August 6 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 19 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 3. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1964-03-29 . Decay Date: 1964-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 632 . COSPAR: 1963-033A. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1963 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 3 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F630822A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed 353 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-A1 s/n 4 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F631024A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 December 13 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 23 - . Payload: DS-U / Omega-1. Mass: 347 kg (765 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omega. Decay Date: 1964-03-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 707 . COSPAR: 1963-050A. Apogee: 560 km (340 mi). Perigee: 232 km (144 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Summary: Tested VNIIEM electric gyrodyne satellite orientation technology..

1964 February 27 - . 13:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 25 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 4. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1964-11-21 . Decay Date: 1964-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 757 . COSPAR: 1964-010A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1964 March 18 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 26 - . Payload: DS-MG s/n 1. Mass: 365 kg (804 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MG. Completed Operations Date: 1964-04-01 . Decay Date: 1964-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 766 . COSPAR: 1964-013A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Summary: Payload developed by VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also obtained radiation data..

1964 June 6 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 31 - . Payload: DS-MT s/n 2. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MT. Completed Operations Date: 1964-06-23 . Decay Date: 1964-10-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 803 . COSPAR: 1964-028A. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Summary: Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays..

1964 July 30 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 36 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-27 . Decay Date: 1965-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 844 . COSPAR: 1964-042A. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1964 August 22 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 42 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1965-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 864 . COSPAR: 1964-050A. Apogee: 1,105 km (686 mi). Perigee: 228 km (141 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.
  • Cosmos 43 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1965-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 867 . COSPAR: 1964-050C. Apogee: 1,093 km (679 mi). Perigee: 227 km (141 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

1964 October 24 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 49 - . Payload: DS-MG s/n 2. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MG. Completed Operations Date: 1964-11-09 . Decay Date: 1965-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 913 . COSPAR: 1964-069A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Summary: Payload developed by VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied measured Earth infrared and ultraviolet flux..

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