Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kapustin Yar LC107/2


Kosmos 3 launch complex.

Longitude: 46.2949 deg.
Latitude: 48.5617 deg.
First Launch: 1975.04.19.
Last Launch: 1981.11.20.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • DS-U3-IK Ukrainian earth magnetosphere satellite. 6 launches, 1969.10.14 (Intercosmos 1) to 1976.07.26 (Intercosmos 16). Measurements of the sun; used for Interkosmos launches. More...
  • Aryabhata Indian earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 1975.04.19. The Soviet Union assisted India in development of Aryabhata, its first satellite, named for the Indian astronomer. The satellite conducted scientific experiments on atmospheric research. More...
  • Bhaskara Indian earth land resources satellite. 2 launches, 1979.06.07 (Bhaskara 1) and 1981.11.20 (Bhaskara 2). Experimental satellite for conducting earth resources survey over India. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 11K65M Russian orbital launch vehicle. Definitive and prolific production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-14 IRBM. After further development at NPO Polyot (Omsk, Chief Designer A S Klinishkov), the modified Kosmos-3M added a restartable second stage with an orientation system. This booster was launched form two 'Cusovaya' launch complexes from 1967. The second stage used low thrust rockets using gas generator output to adjust the final velocity of the stage More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Kapustin Yar LC107/2 Chronology


1975 April 19 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-279.
  • Aryabhata - . Payload: ISS. Mass: 360 kg (790 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Aryabhata. Decay Date: 1992-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 7752 . COSPAR: 1975-033A. Apogee: 409 km (254 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Summary: Atmospheric research. Experimental satellite for satellite technology and some scientific experiments. Launched from a cosmodrome in the USSR. .

1975 June 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53721-257. FAILURE: First stage failed 84 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Intercosmos 14 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 5. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. COSPAR: F750603A. Summary: Measurements of the sun; used for Interkosmos launches. Payload included East European experiments to study solar UV, X-ray effects on upper atmosphere. Investigation of solar radiation and its effect on the atmosphere of the earth..

1976 July 27 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53746-316.
  • Intercosmos 16 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 6. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IKI. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1976-11-13 . Decay Date: 1979-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 9055 . COSPAR: 1976-076A. Apogee: 517 km (321 mi). Perigee: 464 km (288 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: Investigation of the ultraviolet and X-ray radiation of the Sun and the influence of such radiation on the structure of the Earth's upper atmosphere..

1981 November 20 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47193-468.
  • Bhaskara 2 - . Payload: SEO B. Mass: 444 kg (978 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Bhaskara. Decay Date: 1991-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12968 . COSPAR: 1981-115A. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi). Perigee: 368 km (228 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Summary: Experimental earth observations. Launched from a cosmodrome in the USSR. .

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