Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kapustin Yar LC86/1


Kosmos 2, R-31 launch complex.

Longitude: 46.2500 deg.
Latitude: 48.5500 deg.
First Launch: 1964.12.01.
Last Launch: 1974.12.01.
Number: 28 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • DS-2 Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1962.03.16 (Cosmos 1) to 1964.12.01 (DS-2 s/n 2). More...
  • DS-A1 Ukrainian navigation technology satellite. 7 launches, 1962.10.20 (Cosmos 11) to 1965.07.02 (Cosmos 70). More...
  • DS-MT Ukrainian technology satellite. 3 launches, 1963.06.01 (DS-MT s/n 1) to 1964.12.10 (Cosmos 51). Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays. More...
  • DS-P1-Yu Ukrainian military target satellite. 79 launches, 1964.07.30 (Cosmos 36) to 1976.08.26 (Cosmos 850). Development of systems for air defense and the control of outer space. More...
  • DS-U2-V Ukrainian military technology satellite. 4 launches, 1965.10.19 (Cosmos 93) to 1968.02.20 (Cosmos 202). Military technology development satellite - mission still classified. More...
  • DS-U2-M Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1965.11.26 (Cosmos 97) to 1967.03.03 (Cosmos 145). Development tests of atomic clocks. More...
  • DS-K-40 Ukrainian communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 1965.12.28 (DS-K-40 s/n 1) and 1966.02.21 (DS-K-40 s/n 2). Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites. More...
  • DS-P1-I Ukrainian military target satellite. 19 launches, 1966.01.25 (Cosmos 106) to 1977.06.18 (Cosmos 919). Operational radar target for the ABM forces. More...
  • DS-U1-G Ukrainian earth ionosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1966.02.11 (Cosmos 108) to 1967.12.19 (Cosmos 196). Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity. More...
  • DS-U2-I Ukrainian earth ionosphere satellite. 3 launches, 1966.05.24 (Cosmos 119) to 1968.12.14 (Cosmos 259). Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves. More...
  • DS-U2-MP Ukrainian earth micrometeoroid satellite. 2 launches, 1966.12.12 (Cosmos 135) to 1967.06.05 (Cosmos 163). Studied cosmic dust particles in near-Earth space. More...
  • DS-U2-D Ukrainian earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1966.12.21 (Cosmos 137) to 1968.04.26 (Cosmos 219). Studied charged particle flows. More...
  • DS-MO Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1967.03.21 (Cosmos 149) to 1970.01.16 (Cosmos 320). Used in development of aerodynamic systems for stabilization and orientation of spacecraft. Also carried military optical equipment experiments. More...
  • DS-U3-S Ukrainian solar satellite. 2 launches, 1967.06.16 (Cosmos 166) to 1968.07.05 (Cosmos 230). Specialized orbital solar observatory for measuring solar rays in multiple spectral zones. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-12 Ukrainian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-12 was the first operationally effective intermediate range ballistic missile, the first Soviet missile deployed with a thermonuclear warhead, and the first mass-produced missile in history. 2,300 of the storable propellant rockets were built and deployed in both mobile and silo-based versions for thirty years, from March 1959 to June 1989. It was a primary element in the Soviet deterrent threatening Western Europe and China throughout the Cold War. Deployment of R-12's to Cuba in 1962 precipitated the Cuba Missile Crisis. More...
  • Kosmos 63S1 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. The 63S1 initial production version was used through May 1966 for a total of 40 launches, of which 12 were failures. It was succeeded by the 63S1M prototype for the 11K63 production space launcher. More...
  • Kosmos 11K63 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Series production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-12 IRBM. Succeeded 63S1M prototype from 1965, using same 'Dvina' launch complex. From March 16, 1967 orbital launches from Plesetsk were from the purpose-built 'Raduga' launch complex LC133. Total of 123 launches, of which 8 were failures. More...
  • R-31 Russian submarine launched ballistic missile. First Soviet submarine-launched ballistic missile to reach production using solid propellants. Deployed from 1980, but withdrawn in 1990 under the terms of the SALT-2 Treaty. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Kapustin Yar LC86/1 Chronology


1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Payload shroud did not separate.. Failed Stage: U.
  • DS-2 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-2. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-2. COSPAR: F641201A. Summary: A decision was made after two unsuccessful launches of the DS-1 to create a simplified DS-2 spacecraft based on the equipment and structural elements of DS-1 spacecraft. The cylindrical section for mission avionics was completely omitted..

1964 December 9 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 51 - . Payload: DS-MT s/n 3. Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MT. Completed Operations Date: 1965-01-04 . Decay Date: 1965-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 947 . COSPAR: 1964-080A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Summary: Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays, and measured the luminosity of the starry sky..

1965 January 30 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 53 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 5. Mass: 310 kg (680 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-09 . Decay Date: 1966-08-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 983 . COSPAR: 1965-006A. Apogee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. COSPAR: F650212A. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 February 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 64 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 6 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F650220A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 July 2 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 70 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 7. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-07-12 . Decay Date: 1966-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1431 . COSPAR: 1965-052A. Apogee: 1,176 km (730 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 July 23 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 76 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 3. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-10-28 . Decay Date: 1966-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 1464 . COSPAR: 1965-059A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 October 19 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 93 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 1. Mass: 305 kg (672 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Completed Operations Date: 1965-12-16 . Decay Date: 1966-01-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1629 . COSPAR: 1965-084A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Summary: Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

1965 November 4 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 95 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 2. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Completed Operations Date: 1965-11-04 . Decay Date: 1966-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1706 . COSPAR: 1965-088A. Apogee: 521 km (323 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Summary: Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

1965 November 26 - . 12:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 97 - . Payload: DS-U2-M s/n 1. Mass: 267 kg (588 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-M. Completed Operations Date: 1966-01-23 . Decay Date: 1967-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1777 . COSPAR: 1965-095A. Apogee: 2,144 km (1,332 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Summary: Development tests of atomic clocks..

1965 December 21 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 101 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 4. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-03-11 . Decay Date: 1966-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 1846 . COSPAR: 1965-107A. Apogee: 533 km (331 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 December 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-K-40 s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-K-40. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-K-40. COSPAR: F651228A. Summary: Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites..

1966 January 25 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 106 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1966-11-15 . Decay Date: 1966-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 1949 . COSPAR: 1966-004A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 281 km (174 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1966 February 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 108 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1966-02-26 . Decay Date: 1966-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2002 . COSPAR: 1966-011A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

1966 February 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 83 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-K-40 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-K-40. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-K-40. COSPAR: F660221A. Summary: Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites..

1966 April 26 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 116 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 6. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-03 . Decay Date: 1966-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 2152 . COSPAR: 1966-036A. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 May 24 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 119 - . Payload: DS-U2-I s/n 1. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-I. Completed Operations Date: 1966-05-26 . Decay Date: 1966-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2182 . COSPAR: 1966-043A. Apogee: 1,278 km (794 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. Summary: Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves..

1966 July 8 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 123 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 5. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-10 . Decay Date: 1966-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 2295 . COSPAR: 1966-061A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 December 12 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 135 - . Payload: DS-U2-MP s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-MP. Completed Operations Date: 1967-04-12 . Decay Date: 1967-04-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 2612 . COSPAR: 1966-112A. Apogee: 648 km (402 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 93.60 min. Summary: Studied cosmic dust particles in near-Earth space..

1966 December 21 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 137 - . Payload: DS-U2-D s/n 1. Mass: 295 kg (650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-D. Completed Operations Date: 1969-05-12 . Decay Date: 1967-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2627 . COSPAR: 1966-117A. Apogee: 1,718 km (1,067 mi). Perigee: 219 km (136 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Summary: Studied charged particle flows..

1967 February 14 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 142 - . Payload: DS-U2-I s/n 2. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-I. Completed Operations Date: 1967-07-06 . Decay Date: 1967-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2678 . COSPAR: 1967-013A. Apogee: 1,320 km (820 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Summary: Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves..

1967 March 3 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 145 - . Payload: DS-U2-M s/n 2. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-M. Completed Operations Date: 1967-04-30 . Decay Date: 1968-03-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 2697 . COSPAR: 1967-019A. Apogee: 2,107 km (1,309 mi). Perigee: 226 km (140 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 108.70 min. Summary: Development tests of atomic clocks..

1967 March 21 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 149 - . Payload: DS-MO s/n 1. Mass: 321 kg (707 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MO. Completed Operations Date: 1967-04-08 . Decay Date: 1967-04-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 2714 . COSPAR: 1967-024A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 246 km (152 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Used in development of aerodynamic systems for stabilisation and orientation of spacecraft. Also carried military optical equipment experiments..

1967 June 5 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 163 - . Payload: DS-U2-MP s/n 2. Mass: 357 kg (787 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-MP. Completed Operations Date: 1967-10-11 . Decay Date: 1967-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2832 . COSPAR: 1967-056A. Apogee: 598 km (371 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. Summary: Studied cosmic dust particles in near-Earth space..

1967 June 16 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 166 - . Payload: DS-U3-S s/n 1. Mass: 357 kg (787 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-S. Completed Operations Date: 1967-09-26 . Decay Date: 1967-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 2848 . COSPAR: 1967-061A. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. Summary: Specialized orbital solar observatory for measuring solar rays in mulitple spectral zones..

1967 December 19 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 196 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 2. Mass: 352 kg (776 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1968-02-07 . Decay Date: 1968-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3074 . COSPAR: 1967-125A. Apogee: 869 km (539 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

1969 July 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. Launch Pad: LC86/1?. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • BOR-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. Launch Pad: LC86/pad?. Launch Vehicle: R-31.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

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