Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kapustin Yar LC84


RT-15, R-5, Kosmos 3 launch complex.

Longitude: 46.2500 deg.
Latitude: 48.5500 deg.
First Launch: 1959.09.30.
Last Launch: 1965.09.01.
Number: 3 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-14 Ukrainian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-14, with a range of 3600 km, was the only missile of that range class to be fielded. A key element in the Cuba missile crisis, it thereafter was part of the nuclear deterrent targeted at NATO and China. Built in relatively limited numbers by Soviet standards, it was perhaps more important as the basis for the first stage of the R-16 ICBM and the Kosmos-3 launch vehicle. The latter continued in use into the 21st Century. More...
  • R-5 VAO Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Vertical launch version of the R-5 missile for geophysical experiments using the High-Altitude Automatic Geophysical Station nose cone originally flown on the R-11, equipped with a parachute recovery system. . Experiments carried in the gyro-stabilised payload included solar ultraviolet spectroscopes and x-ray pinhole cameras. More...
  • RT-15 Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. The RT-15 IRBM used the second and third stages if the RT-2 ICBM. After protracted development in 1961-1970 with a range of alternative self-propelled mobile launchers, limited numbers ('few' to 19) of two types of launchers were deployed in 1970. The various transporters tested created confusion in the West (with designations SS-14 Scapegoat and Scamp being applied). More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Kapustin Yar LC84 Chronology


1959 September 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC84. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • First flight of R-14 missile. - . Nation: USSR.

1964 September 26 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC84. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5 VAO. FAILURE: Failure.
  • VAO Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC84. Launch Pad: LC84?. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

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