Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kiruna



kiruna.gif
Kiruna
Credit: © Mark Wade
The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles.

The geographical location of the site, close to the pole, means that satellites flying in polar orbits can be monitored and contacted more frequently than from more southerly locations. Over the years, equipment for satellite operations has been put in the area: first for remote sensing satellites, then for scientific satellites and finally for telecommunication satellites. The addition of these facilities has made the Kiruna area into a major space centre in Europe.

The Esrange facility includes a complete satellite station for TT&C (Telemetry, Tracking and Command) and reception of data from various satellites, a control station for telecommunications satellites, and facilities for launching sounding rockets and stratospheric balloons.

Launching of rockets and balloons is carried out under the EASP agreement, which is a special project within the European Space Agency (ESA). Esrange's well-equipped launching facility is able to deal with most types of rockets, including large rockets such as Skylark 12, Terrier Black Brant and Castor 4B. More than 450 rockets have been launched from Esrange since its inauguration in 1966. As the impact area of 120x75 km is on land, payloads are speedily recovered by helicopter and it is extremely uncommon that a payload is lost. Most experiments carried are in the fields of microgravity, upper atmosphere chemistry and space physics.

Esrange is also used to launch stratospheric balloons. Balloons with a volume of up to 2 million m3 can be handled, allowing a payload of 2 metric tons to be carried to an altitude of 45 km. A vast area, comprising the whole of northern Scandinavia and European Russia, is available for impact. Payload recovery is a standard procedure carried out by helicopter. Balloons at Esrange are mainly used for upper atmospheric research, such as studies of the depletion of the ozone layer. Balloons are also used for validation of satellite payloads, astronomical experiments and testing of technical systems to be carried on board space probes for planetary missions.

Esrange offers services and ground systems to scientists, space organizations and the space industry to support scientific satellite operations. Radio communication can be established at almost every pass for satellites in polar circular orbits and for extended periods of time for satellites in elliptical orbits. This communication includes data reception and also telecommand transmission by means of flexible, high performance ground systems that can easily be adapted for special requirements. At Telecom Esrange there is a fully equipped Satellite Control Station from which the SIRIUS telecommunication satellite system is controlled.

Kiruna was known to have been used for 504 launches from 1965 to 2006, reaching up to 717 kilometers altitude.

Location: ESRANGE.
Longitude: 21.1043 deg.
Latitude: 67.8934 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Apache The Apache upper stage was an improved version of the Cajun. The Thiokol engine used aluminised polyurethane propellant with a higher specific impulse and phenolic lining in the steel nozzle. Cost to NASA was $ 6,000 per rocket. The Apache could be used in a single stage version, but was normally used with a booster stage, usually the Nike. More...
  • Arcas The Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings) was developed by the Atlantic Research Corporation for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) with the support of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Primarily a meteorological rocket, the Arcas was first fired in July 1959. The single-stage version was designed to lift 5.4 kg to 64 km. For more demanding missions, several versions of boosted Arcas were developed, as well as a stretched Super Arcas motor. More...
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...
  • Cajun The Cajun research rocket was developed as a dimensionally-similar but higher performance successor to the Deacon. More...
  • Hawk American surface-to-air missile and sounding rocket family. More...
  • Honest John Unguided single-stage solid-propellant US Army missile developed by Douglas Aircraft. It was later used as the booster stage for a range of sounding rockets, test vehicles, and targets. More...
  • Loki American unguided solid-propellant barrage anti-aircraft rocket adapted to use as a meteorological sounding rocket. More...
  • Petrel Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same tube-launch technique as Skua. A total of 240 Petrels were launched from 1967-1982 from many sites around the world. More...
  • Skua In 1959, the Royal Meteorological Office's High Altitude Research Unit contracted with Bristol Aerojet and RPE Wescott to develop a low-cost meteorological rocket designed to reach altitudes of 80 km. The resulting Skua design consisted of Chick boosters which burned for 0.2 seconds to blast the rocket 20 m above the 5 m launch tube. Then the Bantam second stage would ignite and boost the payload to altitude. Four Skua variants were flown over the years. More...
  • Skylark The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. More...
  • Terrier Standard US Navy surface-to-air missile developed during the 1950's. Modified single stage Navy Terrier missiles were used as sounding rockets, sometimes supplemented with upper stages. More...
  • Viper Single stage sounding rocket developed as a follow-on to the Loki-Dart. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike Cajun American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle sounding rocket consisting of a Nike booster together with a Cajun upper stage. Aside from the Soviet MMR-06, the Nike-Cajun was the most often launched sounding rocket. The Cajun motor was developed for NASA in the 1950's by Thiokol, providing a more modern but still affordable replacement for the World War II-era Deacon. More...
  • Skylark 1 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 8 + 1 x Raven 1/1A/2A More...
  • Orion OLV American nuclear-powered orbital launch vehicle. Nuclear-pulse drive launch vehicle seriously developed by General Atomics in the United States from 1955-1965. The design allowed vast payloads of hundreds of tons to be hurled to the planets. By 1958 the Orion team saw themselves in direct competition with Von Braun's chemical rockets. They hoped to a land a huge manned expedition on Mars by 1964 and tour the moons of Saturn by 1970. However politically NASA would not argue for the exception to the 1963 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty necessary to allow firing of nuclear explosions in space. More...
  • Nike Apache American sounding rocket. The most popular sounding rocket introduced during the early 1960's was this two-stage, solid-propellant vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Apache upper stage. More...
  • Skylark 2 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 2 + 1 x Raven 8. The Cuckoo booster burned for 4 seconds and provided 364 kN-sec total impulse. The Raven 2 provided 1540 N-sec total impulse. More...
  • Centaure French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier I II, or III single stage sounding rocket was augmented by a Venus booster with 94 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Skua 1 British sounding rocket. In the original Skua version, 3 Chick boosters were used. The Bantam second stage burned for 30 seconds to boost the payload to 70 km. The payload deployed a radar-reflective parachute to allow winds aloft to be measured, and readings from a thermometer were radioed to the ground. More than 900 Skua 1's were launched from 11 sites in six countries. More...
  • Black Brant 3 Canadian sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Black Brant IIIA or IIIB. More...
  • Skylark 7 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 7 + 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 11 More...
  • Nike Tomahawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Tomahawk upper stage. Payload 45 kg to 370 km or 115 kg to 215 km. More...
  • Skylark 3 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 6 More...
  • Black Brant 5B Canadian sounding rocket. Three-fin version. The Black Brant VB provided slightly improved performance over the VC. The burnout roll rate for the Black Brant V was 4 cycles per second. Maximum longitudinal acceleration varied with payload weight; for a typical payload weight of 270 kg, maximum thrust axis acceleration is approximately 12g's. More...
  • Orion Sounding Rocket American sounding rocket. The Orion was a single stage, unguided, fin stabilized rocket system which used a surplus US Army Hawk surface-to-air-missile rocket motor having a dual thrust propellant grain. Three fins on the aft end of the motor were canted to roll the vehicle at four revolutions per second at burnout for stability. Improved performance could be obtained by using a Nike booster stage. Payload 38 kg to 88 km or 68 kg to 71 km. More...
  • Petrel 1 British sounding rocket. Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same launch technique as Skua. Three Chick rockets blasted the upper stage and payload out of a 10-m long launch tube. The 4.5 kN Lapwing second stage burned for 30 seconds. A unique aspect was that the Chick boosters could be recovered and reloaded with propellant. More...
  • Skylark 6 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 6. The Goldfinch provided 700 kN-sec total impulse. More...
  • Skua 2 Skua 2 was used 4 Chick boosters and a lengthened Bantam motor to take more complex 5 kg scientific payloads to 100 km altitude. More than fifty Skua 2's were fired between 1967 and 1972 as part of the British national space program. More...
  • Super Arcas American sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle, improved version of the original Arcas with a lengthened motor burning for 40 seconds. Payload 4 kg to 100 km or 8 kg to 40 km. More...
  • Super Loki American sounding rocket. Larger-diameter version of single-stage Loki sounding rocket, developed originally for NASA's Marshall Spaceflight Center. More...
  • Skylark 4 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 8 More...
  • Aries American target missile. Space Vector Corporation developed and flew the Aries test vehicle (based on the Minuteman 1 second stage) for Strategic Defence Initiative payloads. More...
  • Skua 4 British sounding rocket. Skua 4 was further enhanced to take a 7.5 kg paylaod to 140 km altitude. The vehicle used four Chick boosters and an improved Bantam upper stage. More...
  • Skylark 12 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 11 + 1 x Cuckoo 4. The AC version uses an uprated Goldfinch II booster. The Raven XI is loaded with 990 kg of propellant and produced 2500 kN-sec total impulse over 39 seconds. The Cuckoo IV stage provides 452 kN-sec impulse over 15 seconds. More...
  • Nike Orion American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle. Payload 68 kg to 190 km or 204 kg to 90 km. The Nike motor had three equally spaced unmodified Ajax fins, and the Orion motor had four fins on the aft end arranged in a cruciform configuration to provide stability. The first stage Nike booster had an action time of 3.2 seconds. The second stage ignited 9 seconds after liftoff and had an action time of 32 seconds. Capability 68 kg payload to 190 kilometers or a 204 kg payload to 90 kilometers when launched from sea level at an 85 degree launch angle. More...
  • Otrag $200 million was spent from 1975-1987 by Lutz Kayer in a serious attempt to develop a low-cost satellite launcher using clusters of mass-produced pressure-fed liquid propellant modules. The project was finally squelched by the German government under pressure from the Soviet and French. More...
  • Taurus Orion American sounding rocket. 2 stage vehicle composed of 1 x Taurus (Honest John motor) + 1 x Orion. Payload 68 kg to 260 km or 227 kg to 140 km. More...
  • Petrel 2 British sounding rocket. Improved Petrel using four Chick boosters and a lengthened Lapwing second stage which provide 4.5 kN thrust for 40 seconds. Petrel 2's were also fired as targets for missile tests at Woomera. More...
  • Black Brant 9 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier Mk 70 + 1 x Black Brant VB. More...
  • Viper 3A American sounding rocket. The Viper 3A/10D Dart was a two stage sounding rocket vehicle consisting of a solid propellant Viper 3A rocket motor as the first stage and a non-propulsive Dart containing the payload as the second stage. More...
  • Improved Orion American sounding rocket. Unguided solid propellant single stage rocket using a military surplus M112 Hawk rocket motor. The motor was a dual thrust burner with a boost phase of 5 seconds and a sustainer phase of approximately 21 seconds. The rocket accelerated the payload then for 26 seconds with peak acceleration during the boost phase of 21g. A payload mass of 100 kg could be carried to an apogee of approximately 110 km. More...
  • Maxus The MAXUS micrograviy program was a collaboration between Sweden and Germany. The single-stage vehicle developed for the program used a Castor 4B motor, the largest fired from Western Europe. More...
  • Terrier Orion American two-stage, spin-stabilized sounding rocket. It used a Terrier Mk 12 Mod 1 engine for its first stage and an improved Orion motor for its second stage. The Terrier-Orion could loft payloads weighing up to 290 kilograms to altitudes up to 190 kilometers. More...
  • VSB-30 Brazilian two stage sounding rocket consisting of 1 x S-31 plus 1 x S-30. It replaced the British Skylark for suborbital flights from Kiruna. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ESRO European agency overseeing development of spacecraft. European Space Research Organisation, Europe. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites

Kiruna Chronology


1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dubious Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 February 15 - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dubious Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 November 19 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • ESRO C21 / 1 Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-8.
  • ESRO C9 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1966 November 30 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-7.
  • ESRO C9 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1967 February 4 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-22.
  • ESRO C21 / 2 Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1967 February 16 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-9.
  • ESRO C10 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1967 February 22 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-10.
  • ESRO C10 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1967 April 7 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.328IE.
  • DLR K-NA-1 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA; DLR. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1967 April 8 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.329IE.
  • DLR K-NA-2 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA; DLR. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1967 April 9 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.330IE.
  • DLR K-NA-3 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1967 April 10 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.331IE.
  • DLR K-NA-4 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1967 April 11 - . 20:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.332IE.
  • DLR K-NA-5 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1967 April 19 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-24/1.
  • ESRO C24/1 test - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1967 July 31 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-30.
  • ESRO C20 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1967 July 31 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-31.
  • ESRO C32 / 1 Meteorite mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1967 August 5 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • MPE Barium release EXP-32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1967 October 23 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache K-NA-7.
  • DLR K-NA-7 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1967 November 24 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-36. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO C13 / P Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1967 November 26 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-17.
  • ESRO C31 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.288IE.
  • DLR K-NA-6 Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA; DLR. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1967 December 6 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-2.
  • ESRO C31 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-34.
  • ESRO C36 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 February 4 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-35.
  • ESRO C36 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1968 March 6 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-37.
  • ESRO C14 / P Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 March 20 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache K-NA-8.
  • MPE Barium release EXP-34 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1968 March 23 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache K-NA-9.
  • DLR K-NA-9 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 March 26 - . 23:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S16/1.
  • ESRO S16 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1968 April 6 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache K-NA-10.
  • DLR K-NA-10 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 May 20 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 CE-38.
  • ESRO C42 / 1 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 June 7 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 CE-44.
  • ESRO C42 / 2 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1968 June 8 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-32.
  • ESRO C32 / 2 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 June 11 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.355IA.
  • DLR K-NA-13 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1968 June 12 - . 22:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.354IA.
  • DLR K-NA-12 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA; DLR. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1968 July 30 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-31.
  • ESRO C20 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 August 12 - . 12:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 AE007.
  • ESRO A50 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1968 August 25 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 AE008.
  • ESRO A50 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 11:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-48.
  • ESRO C35 / 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 October 15 - . 16:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-39.
  • ESRO C45 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 October 24 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 NASA 15.43II.
  • RTG SA1 / 1-K68 Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1968 November 1 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-50.
  • ESRO C45 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 November 19 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III K-BB/III-14.
  • DLR K-BB3-14 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 November 19 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 November 25 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 ESRO S43/1.
  • ESRO S43 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 21:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III K-BB/III-16.
  • DLR K-BB3-16 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III K-BB/III-15.
  • DLR K-BB3-15 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 January 17 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.313IM.
  • RTG SNC 2A / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1969 January 19 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.314IM.
  • RTG SNC 2B / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1969 January 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.315IM.
  • RTG SNC 2A / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1969 January 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.316IM.
  • RTG SNC 2A / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1969 February 3 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P24K.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 February 11 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P23K.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P27K.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1969 February 15 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P28K.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1969 March 15 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache K-NA-11.
  • DLR K-NA-11 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1969 March 15 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S43/2.
  • ESRO S43 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1969 March 15 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C52/1.
  • ESRO C52 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 March 16 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache K-NA-17.
  • DLR K-NA-17 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P29K.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache K-NA-18.
  • DLR K-NA-18 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P25K.
  • E field gradient Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1969 March 18 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P11K.
  • E-region E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P26K.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 April 14 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C39/1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO C39 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1969 April 15 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C39/2.
  • ESRO C39 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1969 June 5 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C35/2.
  • ESRO C35 / 2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 August 11 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C51/1.
  • ESRO C51 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1969 August 14 - . 02:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C58/1.
  • ESRO C58 / 1 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1969 October 5 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S29/1.
  • ESRO S29 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1969 October 10 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C52/2.
  • ESRO C52 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S29/2.
  • ESRO S29 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1969 November 10 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S46/1.
  • ESRO S46 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1969 November 27 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C62/1.
  • ESRO C62 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 November 27 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C62/2.
  • ESRO C62 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1970 January 5 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1970 January 7 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 02.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 9 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 03.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1970 January 12 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 04.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 05.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1970 January 19 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 08.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1970 January 23 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1970 January 26 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 10.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1970 January 28 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 30 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 February 4 - . 05:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C57/1.
  • ESRO C57 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S66/2.
  • ESRO S66 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 February 23 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C37/1.
  • ESRO C37 / 1 MPE Ba Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S70/1.
  • ESRO S70 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S61/1.
  • ESRO S61 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S61/2.
  • ESRO S61 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/1 (K70/01).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/2 (K70/02).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/3 (K70/03?).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/4 (K70/04?).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/5 (K70/05?).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 April 2 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S66/1.
  • ESRO S66 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1970 April 3 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C57/2.
  • ESRO C57 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1970 April 4 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S28/1.
  • ESRO S28 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1970 June 7 - . 07:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C48/1.
  • ESRO C48 / 1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.454UA.
  • RTG SNA 5 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.462DA.
  • RTG SNA 6 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.455UA.
  • RTG SNA 5 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 02:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.463DA.
  • RTG SNA 6 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1970 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C58/2.
  • ESRO C58 / 2 Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1970 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • RTG SP4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1970 August 10 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C51/2.
  • ESRO C51 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1970 August 19 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C48/2.
  • ESRO C48 / 2 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1970 October 27 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S67/1.
  • ESRO S67 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1970 October 29 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S67/2.
  • ESRO S67 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1971 January 8 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/1.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1971 January 15 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C37/2.
  • ESRO C37 / 2 MPE Ba Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/3.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1971 January 19 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/4.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/5.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/6.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1971 January 25 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C60/1.
  • ESRO C60 / 1 Chemical release / particles mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1971 January 25 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/7.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C60/2.
  • ESRO C60 / 2 Chemical release / particles mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel ESRO P40/1.
  • ESRO P40 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 January 27 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/8.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1971 January 27 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C78/1.
  • ESRO C78 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S46/2.
  • ESRO S46 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1971 January 29 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/9.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1971 January 31 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/10.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1971 February 3 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/11.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1971 February 8 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/12.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1971 February 9 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/13.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1971 February 11 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/14.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1971 February 12 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Sk83/15.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S16/2.
  • ESRO S16 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P69K.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P92K.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 March 15 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S87/1.
  • ESRO S87 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1971 March 24 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S87/2.
  • ESRO S87 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1971 April 5 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P68K.
  • Small-scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1971 April 14 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P61K.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1971 April 15 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P66K.
  • Winds / E field Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1971 April 16 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P62K.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P64K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P67K.
  • Winds / E field Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P63K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 April 24 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P54K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1971 May 1 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P65K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 July 31 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C59/1.
  • ESRO C59/1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 July 31 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.468UA.
  • SSC NNA1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1971 July 31 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.469UA.
  • SSC NNA2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1971 August 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C59/2.
  • ESRO C59/2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1971 November 22 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A CE-67.
  • ESRO C78 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 November 25 - . 17:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S70/2.
  • ESRO S70/2 Ionosphere/VLF Radio mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C76/1.
  • ESRO C76/1 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 January 22 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C76/2.
  • ESRO C76/2 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1972 February 7 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.131IA.
  • RTG SNT 7 / 1 (S7-1) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 March 2 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 S77/1.
  • ESRO S77 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1972 September 24 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 S77/2.
  • ESRO S77 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1972 October 8 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.499UA.
  • SSC NNA 3 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.501UA.
  • SSC NNA 4 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 12 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.502UA.
  • SSC NNA 5 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 13 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S105.
  • ESRO S105 Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.132IA.
  • SSC S7-2 (SNT 7 / 2) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1973 August 1 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.515UA.
  • SSC NNA 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1973 August 1 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.516UA.
  • SSC NNA 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1973 August 2 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.414GM.
  • SSC NNC 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1973 August 4 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 AC ER1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UK / SSC ER1 Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; SSC. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1973 August 5 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.507GI.
  • SSC NNA 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1973 August 6 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.517UA.
  • SSC NNA 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A (ESRO) C111/1.
  • SSC C111 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.134IE.
  • SSC S10 / 2 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A (ESRO) C111/2.
  • SSC C111 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.133IE.
  • SSC S10 / 1 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 August 18 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 36 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1975 March 5 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S16/2.
  • SSC S16 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1975 March 7 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C. LV Configuration: Centaure 2C SSC S13.
  • SSC S13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1975 March 13 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S16/1.
  • SSC S16 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1975 November 21 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S01 (T1).
  • SSC Range test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk SSC S17-1 (EF8).
  • SSC S17 / 1 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1976 January 27 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 AC Heatpipe I. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR K-GR-73 Technology mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1976 February 21 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S18-2.
  • SSC S18 / 2 D-Layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1976 March 2 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S21-1.
  • SSC S21 / 1 TRIGGER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 March 6 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk SSC S17-2.
  • SSC S17 / 2 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 March 30 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NASA 24.01IE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR K-AR-75 Porc. F1 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA; DLR. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi).

1977 January 15 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S18-1.
  • SSC S18 / 1 D Layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1977 February 8 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S22.
  • SSC S22 Auroral Arc Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.213IE.
  • SSC S21 / 2 TRIGGER Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.154UE.
  • SSC AR-1 TRIGGER Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1977 February 15 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S21/3.
  • SSC S21 / 3 TRIGGER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 February 15 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.155UE.
  • SSC AR-2 TRIGGER Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1977 March 14 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache DFVLR Firefly.
  • DLR K-NA-83 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1977 March 20 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NASA 24.02IE.
  • DLR K-AR-82 Porc. F2 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA; DLR. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1977 October 21 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SSC S19B.
  • S19 Guidance test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi).

1977 December 13 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-90.
  • TEXUS 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1978 April 13 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.06UE.
  • SSC S27 TWILIGHT Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P205K.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel MPI1.
1978 July 30 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S32 NLC-OBS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SSC S26/1 ION.
  • SSC S26A Noctilucent Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 August 13 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel MPI2.
1978 August 13 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P206K.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 August 13 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SSC S26/2 ION.
  • SSC S26B Ion Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-91.
  • K-OR-91 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1978 November 16 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-94.
  • TEXUS 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1979 January 25 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P216K.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S23-L1.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P215K.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C S23-H.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S23-L2.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1979 March 19 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NASA 24.05IE.
  • DLR K-AR-92 Porc. F3 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1979 March 31 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NASA 24.06IE.
  • DLR K-AR-93 Porc. F4 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 452 km (280 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC T3 Test.
  • Dummy Orion test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1979 August 21 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.16UE.
  • SSC S27 / 2 Twilight B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.39UE.
  • SSC S29 Barium-GEOS Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi).

1980 April 28 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-100.
  • TEXUS 3A Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1980 July 26 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P223K.
  • VLF propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1980 November 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 7 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 02:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P221K.
  • EBC-C E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-105.
  • EBC-C E6C Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-C E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 12 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 12 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 15 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-104.
  • EBC-B E2 (ENERGY EB1) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P220K.
  • EBC-B E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.10UE.
  • EBC-B E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.11UE.
  • EBC-B E11b Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-106.
  • EBC-B E6A1 S10.12-1 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-B E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 27 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.09UE.
  • EBC-A2 E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P222K.
  • EBC-A2 E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-107.
  • EBC-A2 E6A2 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-108.
  • EBC-A2 E6B Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-A2 E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P219K.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S35.
  • OXYGEN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1981 April 30 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-109.
  • TEXUS 3B Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1981 May 8 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-110.
  • TEXUS 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1981 September 30 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SSC S33.
  • PIRAT Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1981 November 14 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-111.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1981 December 1 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P224K.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P225K.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-112.
  • EBC81 E2 (ENERGY EB2) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 E8.
  • EBC81 E8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 E7.
  • EBC81 E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1981 December 16 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P226K.
  • LITHIUM Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1982 April 29 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-113.
  • TEXUS 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1982 May 8 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-114.
  • TEXUS 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S37 CAMP-N.
  • Cold Arctic Mesopause Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-115.
  • Strafam 1 / 2 Technology / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S37 CAMP-P.
  • CAMP-P Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S37 SOAP/1.
  • CAMP / SOAP-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P235K.
  • CAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP TAD Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki SuLo 11/1.
  • CAMP Datasonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1982 August 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P214K.
  • CAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1982 August 12 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S37 SOAP/2.
  • CAMP / SOAP-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1982 August 12 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki SuLo 11/2.
  • CAMP Datasonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1983 January 19 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX SSC S36.
  • AURELD-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi).

1983 April 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-117.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1983 May 5 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-118.
  • TEXUS 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1983 May 13 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-119.
  • TEXUS 8 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

1983 September 19 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Otrag. LV Configuration: OTRAG DLR K-OL-120. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Otrag Flight 18 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: OTRAG; DLR. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). Summary: 1-3-B 4x9m Test mission.

1984 January 31 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S39/1.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-129 DROPMAS.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S39/2.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 DLR K-GR-130.
  • MAP / WINE M-I 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1984 May 3 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-132.
  • TEXUS 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1984 May 15 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-133.
  • TEXUS 10 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1984 October 24 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S38.
  • TOR Aurora / fields / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1985 April 27 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-138.
  • TEXUS 11 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1985 May 6 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-139.
  • TEXUS 12 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1985 May 14 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-140.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 5 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1986 April 30 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-141.
  • TEXUS 13 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1986 May 12 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-142.
  • TEXUS 14A Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki PWN-12A Robin.
1986 July 26 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.57GE.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.60UE.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki PWN-12A Robin.
1986 July 26 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.61UE.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1986 July 27 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki PWN-12A Robin.
1986 July 27 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki PWN-12A Robin.
1986 July 27 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki PWN-12A Robin.
1986 July 27 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki PWN-12A Robin.
1986 November 4 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion SSC S41H.
  • Aureld-VIP-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1986 December 12 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion SSC S41L.
  • Aureld-VIP-LOW Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1987 February 17 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-143.
  • Strafam 2 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1987 March 19 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IXB MASER 1.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1987 May 3 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-144.
  • TEXUS 14B Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 6 - . 05:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-145.
  • RASMUS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1987 May 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-146. FAILURE: Failure.
  • TEXUS 15 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1987 November 23 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-153. FAILURE: Failure.
  • TEXUS 16 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1988 February 29 - . 08:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX MASER 2.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1988 April 9 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.97GE.
  • ERRRIS I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1988 May 2 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B DLR K-NBB5-155.
  • TEXUS 17 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1988 May 6 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B DLR K-NBB5-156.
  • TEXUS 18 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1988 May 9 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-157.
  • Testflug (BAE 1) test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1988 November 28 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-161.
  • TEXUS 19 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1988 December 2 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GT-162.
  • TEXUS 20 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1988 December 6 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-163.
  • RASMUS 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1989 January 30 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-166.
  • Strafam 2 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1989 February 7 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 DLR K-CR-164.
  • ROSE III Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1989 February 9 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 DLR K-CR-165.
  • ROSE IV Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1989 March 3 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.100GE.
  • ERRRIS II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1989 March 4 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.96GE.
  • ERRRIS II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1989 April 10 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna MRL. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX MASER 3.
  • MASER 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1989 April 30 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-167.
  • TEXUS 21 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1989 May 3 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-168.
  • TEXUS 22 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1989 November 25 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-170.
  • TEXUS 23 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1989 December 6 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-171.
  • TEXUS 24 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1990 January 25 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-172.
  • Strafam 2 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 09:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC ANODE.
  • DYANA Nitric oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC ATOMIC 1.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC ATOMIC 2.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SISSI So1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 DLR K-GRVI-173.
  • SISSI 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion DLR K-O-174.
  • RASMUS 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1990 March 29 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna MRL. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX MASER 4.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1990 May 13 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-178.
  • TEXUS 25 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1990 May 15 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-179.
  • TEXUS 26 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1990 May 29 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SPINRAC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1990 July 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Robin Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Robin Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 DLR K-GRVI-181.
  • SISSI 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Robin Sphere.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Robin Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-182.
  • SISSI 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Robin Sphere.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Robin Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1990 November 15 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-183.
  • TEXUS 27 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1990 November 25 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR K-GRC-184.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 534 km (331 mi).

1991 February 3 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-185.
  • Strafam 3 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-186.
  • RASMUS 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki SISSI So5.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SISSI RD1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-187.
  • SISSI 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A SISSI RD2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki SISSI So6.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki SISSI So7.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1991 May 8 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 1. FAILURE: Failed..
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi). Microgravity experiments. Recovered, although it reached only a fraction of the planned altitude. The MAXUS sounding rocket program began in 1989 and the first launch took place in 1991.The program was a joint venture between the Swedish Space Corporation and the German space company EADS-ST. The Maxus program was financed by ESA. The scientific objective was to perform experiments during 12-13 minutes of microgravity (10-4 g) using a single stage sounding rocket motor. The motor, a Castor 4B, had a maximum acceleration of 13 g, a top speed of 3500 m/sec and reached an apogee of around 750 km depending on the payload mass.

1991 August 1 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-91.
  • N-B-S01 PMSE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.249UU NLC-91.
  • N-B-M02 MISTI B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.103GE NLC-91.
  • N-B-E03 EFIELD-B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.77UE NLC-91.
  • N-B-P04 PEP B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-188 NLC-91.
  • N-B-T05 TURBO B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-91.
  • N-B-S06 PMSE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff NLC-91.
  • N-B-C07 PMSE (VCH28) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-91.
  • N-B-S08 PMSE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1991 August 5 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.250UE NLC-91.
  • N-C-M09 MISTI C Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1991 August 5 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-91.
  • N-C-S10 Salvo C Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-91. FAILURE: Failure.
  • N-A-S11 NLC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-91.
  • N-A-S12 NLC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-189 NLC-91.
  • N-A-T13 TURBO A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC DECIMALS NLC-91.
  • N-A-D14 DECIMALS A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.251UE NLC-91.
  • N-A-M15 MISTI A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.104GE NLC-91.
  • N-B-E16 EFIELD-A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.78UE NLC-91.
  • N-A-P17 PEP A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-91.
  • N-A-S18 NLC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff NLC-91.
  • N-A-C19 NLC (VCH42) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC DECIMALS NLC-91.
  • N-A-D20 DECIMALS B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-91.
  • N-A-S21 NLC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 November 23 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-196.
  • TEXUS 28 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1992 April 9 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9BM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 9BM1 MASER 5.
  • MASER 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1992 August 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Nike Improved Orion DLR K-NO2-198.
  • Testflug test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1992 November 8 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 1B.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 717 km (445 mi). Summary: Microgravity experiments. Relaunch of the Maxu 1 mission..

1992 November 22 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-199.
  • TEXUS 29 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1993 February 27 - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-200.
  • Strafam 3 / 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1993 May 1 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-201.
  • TEXUS 30 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1993 July 28 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-93.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-203 NLC-93.
  • SSC Decimals A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-93.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-204 NLC-93.
  • SSC Decimals B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 01:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-93.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-93.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere NLC-93.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1993 November 4 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 MASER 6.
  • MASER 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1993 November 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-205.
  • TEXUS 31 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi).

1993 November 29 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Nike Improved Orion DLR K-NO2-206.
  • Mini-Texus 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1994 February 19 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-207. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RASMUS 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1994 May 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Nike Improved Orion DLR K-NO2-208.
  • Mini-Texus 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1994 May 5 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-209.
  • TEXUS 32 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1994 November 30 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-213.
  • TEXUS 33 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1994 December 5 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC HYGROSOND.
  • Hygrosonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1995 April 29 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Nike Improved Orion DLR K-NO2-214.
  • Mini-Texus 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1995 May 2 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Nike Improved Orion DLR K-NO2-215.
  • Mini-Texus 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1995 July 14 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion DLR K-O/I-216. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test Orion 1 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1995 October 8 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion DLR K-O/I-217.
  • Test Orion 2 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1995 November 28 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 2.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi).

1995 December 4 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC REXUS.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1996 March 2 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-220.
  • TEXUS 34 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1996 May 3 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-221.
  • MASER 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1996 November 24 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-222.
  • TEXUS 35 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1997 June 4 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC GYROTEST.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1998 January 26 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO2-230.
  • SSC MERMAID Microgravity / education mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1998 February 7 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-231.
  • TEXUS 36 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1998 February 11 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Nike Improved Orion DLR K-NO2-232.
  • Mini-Texus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1998 March 3 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO2-233.
  • SSC NLTE-1 Atomic 2A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 March 6 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO2-234.
  • SSC NLTE-2 Atomic 2B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 March 7 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 March 7 - . 01:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 October 7 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion DLR K-O-236.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1998 November 24 - . 09:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 3.
  • Biological/Physics mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 713 km (443 mi).

1998 December 3 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Nike Improved Orion DLR K-NO2-237.
  • Mini-Texus 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1999 May 14 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 MASER 8.
  • MASER 8 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1999 July 27 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.122GE.
  • ICON Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

2000 March 27 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 37.
  • TEXUS 37 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

2000 April 2 - . 07:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 38.
  • TEXUS 38 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2001 February 19 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion DLR K-O-?.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

2001 April 29 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 4.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi).

2001 May 8 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 39.
  • TEXUS 39 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

2001 December 15 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Wind.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 15 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Wind.
  • Hygrosonde II Met Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC Hygrosond-2.
  • Hygrosonde II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Falling Sphere.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 06:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Falling Sphere.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 March 16 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 MASER 9.
  • MASER 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

2003 January 13 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 13 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 14 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 14 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 15 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 16 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

2003 January 17 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

2003 January 18 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

2003 January 21 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- SAGE III Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

2003 January 22 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 23 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 23 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 23 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL13.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL14.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL15.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL16.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL17.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL18.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL19.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL20.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. LV Configuration: Terrier Orion NASA 41.030GE.
  • MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL21.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL22.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL24.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

2003 January 25 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL25.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 25 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL26.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 26 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL26?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL27?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL28?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL29?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL30?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL31?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL32?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL34.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 15:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL35.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL36.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL33?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL38.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL39.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. LV Configuration: Terrier Orion NASA 41.031GE.
  • MacWAVE Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL41.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL42.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 29 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

2003 April 1 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 5.
  • Maxus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 701 km (435 mi). Summary: Suborbital microgravity payload. Launch delayed from 31 March..

2003 April 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 40.
  • TEXUS 40 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

2004 October 28 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC REXUS II.
  • REXUS-2/ECOMA Education/Meteor mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi). The REXUS program was a joint project between the Swedish Space Corporation SSC, ESRANGE, and the Mobile Rocket Base (Moraba) of the German Aerospace Center DLR, conducted by newly founded EUROLAUNCH. The scientific payload capacity was shared between Swedish and German student experimenters. REXUS was considered as an annual sounding rocket program.

2004 November 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 6.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 706 km (438 mi).

2004 December 2 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 41.
  • TEXUS 41 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC MAGIC.
  • MAGIC Meteorite dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 07:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2005 May 2 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 MASER 10.
  • MASER 10 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi). Summary: Final flight of Skylark suborbital rocket. MASER 10 carried two biology experiments and three fluid physics experiments. The payload spent six minutes in microgravity and worked perfectly during the flight..

2005 December 1 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS EML-1/TEXUS 42 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). This was the first launch of the Brazilian sounding rocket VSB-30, replacing the British Skylark, from Esrange. The speed when leaving the launcher was about 60 m/s and after 45 seconds of acceleration the max speed was over 200 m/s. During the flight the experiments onboard spent approximately 6 minutes of microgravity and all experiments worked successfully. The payload was brought back for analysis at Esrange by helicopter within one hour after landing.

2006 April 5 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion REXUS 3.
  • Education mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2006 May 2 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 7.
  • Maxus 7 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 702 km (436 mi). Suborbital microgravity mission. Kaiser-Threde developed a new payload service system for MAXUS 7, providing 2 independent TV-links with 2 high power HF transmitters and GPS. The recovery system was a BAL ORSA system, modified by Kaiser-Threde, including parachute from DLR.

2006 May 10 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 43 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Summary: The TEXUS 43 mission gave around six minutes of microgravity to the 407 kg payload contributed by five investigators from three different institutes.

2008 February 7 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • DLR TEXUS 44 (EML-2) - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

2008 February 21 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • DLR TEXUS 45 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

2008 May 15 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MASER 11 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

2008 October 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved.
  • REXUS 4 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

2009 March 12 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 6 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Ionos./Tech.

2009 March 13 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 5 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Summary: Atmos./Tech.

2009 May 22 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAPHEUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Summary: Micrograv.

2009 November 22 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 46 - . Nation: Sweden. Summary: European and Japanese microgravity experiments.

2009 November 29 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 47 - . Nation: Sweden. Summary: Microgravity experiments.

2010 March 2 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 7 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Summary: Aeronomy/Technology payload.

2010 March 4 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 8/ - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Technology payload.

2010 March 26 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Castor 4B.
  • SSC MAXUS 8 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Summary: Microgravity payload.

2010 October 27 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Mapheus-2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi). Summary: Microgravity payload..

2011 February 22 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket.
  • REXUS 9 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Summary: Microgravity experiments..

2011 February 23 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket.
  • REXUS 10 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Summary: Microgravity experiments..

2011 March 29 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 49 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Summary: Microgravity experiments..

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