Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kourou ELA3


Ariane 5 launch complex. Ensemble de Lancement Ariane 3

Longitude: -52.7708 deg.
Latitude: 5.2406 deg.
First Launch: 1996.06.04.
Last Launch: 2007.12.21.
Number: 36 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • Oscar International series of amateur radio communications satellites. Operational, first launch 1961.12.12. Launched in a variety of configurations and by many nations. More...
  • HS 376 American communications satellite. 56 launches, 1980.11.15 (SBS 1) to 2003.09.27 (E-Bird). Mass 654 kg at beginning-of-life in geosynchronous orbit. Spin stabilized at 50 rpm by 4 hydrazine thrusters with 136 kg propellant. More...
  • Eurostar 2000 French communications satellite. 24 launches, 1988.03.11 (Telecom 1C) to 2006.11.08 (Badr 4 ARABSAT 4B). More...
  • FS-1300 American communications satellite bus. Operational, first launch 1989.06.05. More...
  • Badr Pakistani communications technology satellite. 3 launches, 1990.07.16 (Badr-A) to 2008.07.07 (Badr B). Pakistani experimental series with a variety of payloads. More...
  • Italsat Italian communications satellite. 6 launches, 1991.01.15 (Italsat 1) to 2009-04-20. More...
  • STRV British technology satellite. 4 launches, 1994.06.17 (STRV-1B) to 2000.11.16 (STRV-1d). More...
  • Cluster European earth magnetosphere satellite. 4 launches, 1996.06.04 (Cluster F4) to (Cluster F4). The Cluster satellites were a series of sophisticated earth-observation platforms that were to be launched aboard the first Ariane 5. More...
  • AS 2100 American communications satellite. Operational, first launch 1996.09.08 (GE 1). Cost per satellite $100 million for the spacecraft including ground support equipment, but not including launch costs. 3-axis stabilized. More...
  • YES European tether technology satellite. 2 launches, 1997.10.30 (YES) and 2007.09.14 (YES). Young Engineers Satellite sponsored by the European Space Tech. More...
  • MAQSAT European technology satellite. 4 launches, 1997.10.30 (MAQSAT-H/TEAMSAT) to 2005.02.12 (Maqsat 3). MAQSATs were mass model and technology satellites built by Kayser-Threde, Munich, and lofted during the test flights of the Ariane 5. More...
  • Star bus American communications satellite bus. Operational, first launch 1997.11.12 (Cakrawarta 1). The Orbital Star bus was designed for reliable and robust performance in a variety of LEO and GEO missions. More...
  • ARD French re-entry vehicle technology satellite. One launch, 1998.10.21. The ARD was an 80 percent scale model of the Apollo Command Module, and a technology test for a possible International Space Station Crew Rescue Vehicle. More...
  • XMM European x-ray astronomy satellite. One launch, 1999.12.10. ESA's X-ray Multi-Mirror space observatory was the biggest science satellite ever built in Europe. The spacecraft's X-ray optics covered a spectral range of 1-120 nanometers (12keV-0.1keV). More...
  • HS 702 American communications satellite bus. Operational, first launched 1999.12.22. More...
  • Insat 3 Indian communications satellite bus. Operational, first launch 2000.03.21. The multipurpose satellite design provided telecommunications, television broadcasting, meteorological and search and rescue services. More...
  • LDREX Japanese communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 2000.12.20 (LDREX) and 2006.10.13 (LDREX). Japan's NASDA space agency sponsored the LDREX experimental antenna. More...
  • Artemis European communications technology satellite. One launch, 2001.07.12. Artemis was a European Space Agency satellite to test new communications technologies. More...
  • Envisat European earth resources radar satellite. One launch, 2002.03.01. The European Space Agency's Envisat polar platform was originally envisaged as an automated polar orbiting segment of the Space Station. More...
  • SPOT-5A-5B French earth land resources satellite. Two launches, 2002.05.04, 2009.12.18. SPOT was the French government sponsored civil Earth observation program. A single SPOT satellite provided complete coverage of the Earth every 26 days. More...
  • MSG European earth weather satellite. 2 launches, 2002.08.28 (MSG 1) and 2005.12.21 (MSG 2). MSG (Meteosat Second Generation 1) was a European (EUMETSAT consortium) geostationary weather satellite. More...
  • SMART-1 European lunar orbiter. One launch, 2003.09.27, Insat 3E. ESA's SMART-1 was to test miniaturization technology while exploring the Moon from orbit. More...
  • Rosetta European comet probe. One launch, 2004.03.02. European comet orbiter/landing mission. More...
  • Myriade Micro-satellite product line developed jointly by EADS Astrium and the French Space Agency CNES beginning in 1998. Operational, first launch 2004.12.18. More...
  • Helios 2 French military surveillance satellite. One launch, 2004.12.18. French military surveillance satellite series which began service in 2004. More...
  • Nanosat 01 Spanish technology satellite. One launch, 2004.12.18. Experimental nanosat built by the Spanish space agency (INTA). More...
  • Spacebus 4000 European communications satellite bus. Operational, first launch 2005.02.03. The Spacebus 4000 represented a new larger platform to meet customer demand. More...
  • SLOSHSAT Dutch technology satellite. One launch, 2005.02.12. Test satellite to study the sloshing of fluids in zero gravity, developed by the Netherlands Aerospace Laboratory. Equipped with a tank with 33.5 liters of water and an attitude control system. More...
  • Eurostar 3000 French communications satellite bus. Operational, first launch 2005.03.11 (Inmarsat 4-F1). Third generation of Matra Marconi Space GEO satellite platforms serving mainly commercial telecommunications applications. More...
  • DS2000 Japanese communications satellite bus. Operational, first launch 2006.02.18. Mitsubishi Electric developed the DS2000 standard satellite platform based on a design originally created for the DRTS and ETS-8 platforms for NASDA. More...
  • ATV European logistics spacecraft and space tug. The Automated Transfer Vehicle was first proposed in the mid-1980s as a way to transport unmanned cargo to a Space Station. Operational in that role, first launch 2008.03.09. Studies for a manned version with a re-entry capsule conducted, but no funding for development. More...
  • Skynet 5 British military communications satellite. One launch, 2008.06.12. The Skynet 5 program contract was signed by the EADS subsidiary Paradigm Secure Communications Ltd and the UK MOD in October 2003. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Ariane 5G French orbital launch vehicle. Initial version of the Ariane 5, a bit too large for the main commercial geosynchronous communications satellite payloads. More...
  • Ariane 5ECA French orbital launch vehicle, first version of the evolved Ariane 5. The solid booster motors propellant load was increased by 2.43 tonnes and the case was welded, for a weight saving in dry mass of 1.9 tonnes. The core was powered by an improved Vulcain 2 engine. The oxygen-rich cycle of the engine allowed the oxygen bulkhead to be moved within the stage, resulting in a 15.2 tonne increase in propellant in the core. A new Lox/LH2 upper stage, using the HM7B engine and oxygen tank from the Ariane 4 series, replaced the storable propellant EPS stage of earlier models. The result was an increase in payload to geoscynchronous transfer orbit from 6 tonnes to 10.5 tonnes. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kourou After the agreement with newly independent Algeria for France to evacuate their launch sites in that country, a location near Biscarosse was selected for French missile testing. However since only launches westwards across the Bay of Biscay could be made from this site, it was unsuitable for France's Diamant orbital launch vehicle. After reviewing 14 potential sites, a location in the South American French colony of Guiana was selected. This would allow over-water launches to a tremendous range of possible orbital inclinations -- from -100.5 deg to 1.5 deg. Being near the equator, it would provide the maximum assist from the earth's rotation for launches into equatorial orbits. The decision was formalized in April 1964 and in July 1966 ELDO chose the site for future launches of the Europa II launch vehicle. More...

Kourou ELA3 Chronology


1996 June 4 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V88 (501). FAILURE: Vehicle went off course and was destroyed by range safety. Reuse of flight software from Ariane 4 was the cause (faulty program logic that only took effect on Ariane 5 launch trajectory).. Failed Stage: G.
  • Cluster F1 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cluster. COSPAR: F960604A. The Cluster satellites were a series of sophisticated earth-observation platforms that were to be launched aboard the first Ariane 5. The explosion of the booster led to a costly setback for European space science. There were no back-up spacecraft. Some instruments may fly on other future satellites.
  • Cluster F2 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cluster. COSPAR: F960604B.
  • Cluster F3 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cluster. COSPAR: F960604C.
  • Cluster F4 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cluster. COSPAR: F960604D.

1997 October 30 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V101 (502).
  • MAQSAT-H/TEAMSAT - . Payload: MAQSAT-H. Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MAQSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 25023 . COSPAR: 1997-066A. Apogee: 26,504 km (16,468 mi). Perigee: 545 km (338 mi). Inclination: 7.6000 deg. Period: 465.70 min. Summary: Dummy communications satellite instrumented to report the actual payload bay environment during launch. It included the TEAMSAT technology experiment payload, developed by ESTEC.
  • MAQSAT-B/EPS - . Payload: MAQSAT-B. Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MAQSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 25024 . COSPAR: 1997-066B. Apogee: 26,549 km (16,496 mi). Perigee: 541 km (336 mi). Inclination: 7.6000 deg. Period: 466.40 min. Summary: Dummy satellite in the lower bay of the SPELTRA dual launch adapter..
  • YES - . Payload: Young Engineers Satellite. Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: ESTEC. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: YES. USAF Sat Cat: 25025 . COSPAR: 1997-066C. Apogee: 26,604 km (16,530 mi). Perigee: 558 km (346 mi). Inclination: 7.6000 deg. Period: 467.70 min. Summary: Young Engineers Satellite with several technology experiments. Ejected from MAQSAT-H/TEAMSAT..

1998 October 21 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V112 (503).
  • Maqsat 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MAQSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 25503 . COSPAR: 1998-059A. Apogee: 35,491 km (22,053 mi). Perigee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 641.20 min. Maqsat 3 was an instrumentation package used to monitor performance of the Ariane 5 booster. At T+12:43 the Speltra adapter cover separated revealing Maqsat-3. At T+15:14 the EPS stage Aestus engine ignited and burned until T+31:00. At this point on a normal mission the satellite would separate from the EPS, but to avoid creating space debris Maqsat remained attached to the EPS. The EPS/Maqsat-3 was placed in a 1027 km x 35863 km x 7.0 degree geostationary transfer orbit.
  • ARD - . Payload: Atmospheric Reentry Demonstrator. Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: ISS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ARD. COSPAR: 1998-059S. The ARD was an 80 percent scale model of the Apollo Command Module, and a technology test for a possible International Space Station Crew Rescue Vehicle. Equipment included a TDRS satellite communications system; a GPS navigation system; 7 DASA 40 kgf hydrazine attitude control thrusters; a 2.8 m diameter heat shield; three 23 metre diameter parachutes, and a SARSAT recovery beacon. The ARD separated from the Ariane EPS upper stage at 12 minutes 2 seconds after launch. ARD and the EPC stage manoeuvred into a 1 km x 830 km orbit, guaranteeing re-entry at the end of the first orbit. The spacecraft splashed down in the Pacific at 3.69 degrees N, 153.35 degrees W, and was successfully recovered by the French Navy.

1999 December 10 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V119 (504).
  • XMM - . Mass: 3,764 kg (8,298 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: XMM. USAF Sat Cat: 25989 . COSPAR: 1999-066A. Apogee: 104,406 km (64,874 mi). Perigee: 16,709 km (10,382 mi). Inclination: 62.5000 deg. Period: 2,872.40 min. Summary: ESA's X-ray Multi-Mirror space observatory was the biggest science satellite ever built in Europe. Complementary in characteristics to NASA's Chandra satellite, the spacecraft were expected to make major new astronomical discoveries..

2000 March 21 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V128 (505).
  • Asiastar - . Mass: 2,778 kg (6,124 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Worldspace. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Worldspace. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 26107 . COSPAR: 2000-016A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,770 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Direct Radio Broadcasting satelllite. First night launch of Ariane 5. Worldspace's second digital radio satellite. Joined Afristar in orbit with a mission of providing radio broadcasting to the developing world. Stationed at 105 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 105 deg E in 2000. As of 4 September 2001 located at 104.96 deg E drifting at 0.015 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 104.99E drifting at 0.012W degrees per day.
  • Insat 3B - . Mass: 2,778 kg (6,124 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 26108 . COSPAR: 2000-016B. Apogee: 35,987 km (22,361 mi). Perigee: 35,931 km (22,326 mi). Inclination: 1.2000 deg. Period: 1,444.90 min. Replaced the lost Insat 2D and carried a pure telecommunications payload of C, Ku and S band transponders. Stationed at 83 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 73 deg E in 2000. As of 5 September 2001 located at 83.07 deg E drifting at 0.014 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 82.94E drifting at 0.012W degrees per day.

2000 September 14 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V130 (506).
  • Astra 2B - . Mass: 3,320 kg (7,310 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: SES. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Astra. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 26494 . COSPAR: 2000-054A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Direct Broadcasting satellite. Launch postponed from July 25. Astra 2B was an Astrium/Toulouse Eurostar 2000+ television broadcast satellite owned by the Luxembourg-based Societe Europeene de Satellites. The satellite was to be stationed at 28.2E to replace the German DFS Kopernikus. It carried 28 Ku-band transponders. By September 19 Astra 2B was in a 31,153 x 35,762 km x 0.3 deg orbit, approaching geosynchronous altitude. Stationed at 28 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 28 deg E in 2000. As of 20 August 2001 located at 28.50 deg E drifting at 0.011 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 28.15E drifting at 0.017W degrees per day.
  • GE 7 - . Mass: 3,320 kg (7,310 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GE Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 26495 . COSPAR: 2000-054B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Direct Broadcasting satellite. GE Americom satellite to provide cable TV distribution coverage to the USA. Equipped with 24 C-band transponders. Its dry mass was 912 kg and it carried 1023 kg of fuel at launch. The satellite is an A2100A model built by Lockheed Martin/Lockheed, the first lightweight A2100 with a mass about half that of earlier A2100 satellites. By September 19 GE 7 was in a 35,832 x 35,869 km x 0.1 deg orbit drifting over 146 deg W. Stationed at 137 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 137 deg W in 2000. As of 4 September 2001 located at 136.92 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 137.03W drifting at 0.000E degrees per day.

2000 November 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V135 (507).
  • PAS 1R - . Mass: 4,758 kg (10,489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Panamsat. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Panamsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 26608 . COSPAR: 2000-072A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. First use of the ASAP-5 piggyback payload adapter. Communications satellite, stationed at 58 deg W. PAS 1R was a large Boeing Model 702 satellite with a dry mass of about 3000 kg (launch mass 4793 kg) and a solar panel span of 45m. It carried 36 C and 48 Ku-band transponders. PAS 1R was operated by Panamsat, whose fleet included the former Hughes Galaxy system. The PAS 1R, STRV 1c/1d, and AMSAT Phase 3D satellites were placed in orbit on a single Ariane launch. The EPS stage entered geostationary transfer orbit at 0134 GMT, followed by separation of the PAS 1R main payload. As of 4 September 2001 located at 45.03 deg W drifting at 0.016 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 1 located at 45.05W drifting at 0.023W degrees per day.
  • STRV-1c - . Mass: 4,758 kg (10,489 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: Farnborough. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 26610 . COSPAR: 2000-072C. Apogee: 39,789 km (24,723 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 6.3000 deg. The two small STRV cubes were then ejected from the Ariane EPS stage ASAP-5 secondary payload structure at 0141 GMT. STRV-1c and 1d were small satellites built by the DERA (former Royal Aircraft Establishment), Farnborough, England. Mass was around 95 kg each. STRV-1c performed accelerated life testing of new components and materials in the high radiation environment of geosynchronous transfer orbit.
  • AMSAT-Oscar-40 - . Mass: 4,758 kg (10,489 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: AMSAT. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 26609 . COSPAR: 2000-072B. Apogee: 58,650 km (36,440 mi). Perigee: 1,167 km (725 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 1,146.50 min. The long-delayed Phase 3D amateur radio satellite, built by AMSAT-DL (Germany), was renamed AMSAT-Oscar-40 (AO-40) once launched. It carried an MBB S400 liquid engine (the backup engine for the Galileo Jupiter probe) and a variety of amateur radio payloads in L, S, C, X, V, U and K bands, as well as an ammonia arcjet thruster and a laser communications experiment. The satellite was the largest amateur satellite orbited to date and the first to feature deployable solar panels. Mass was 397 kg dry. The PAS 1R, STRV 1c/1d, and AMSAT Phase 3D satellites were placed in orbit on a single Ariane launch. At 0149 GMT the SBS cylindrical adapter which connected PAS-1R to AMSAT was jettisoned; 50 seconds later AMSAT separated from the EPS upper stage. Thereafter the spacecraft could not be contacted. Finally telemetry was received from after two weeks of silence, confirming that the satellite was still functioning.
  • STRV-1d - . Mass: 4,758 kg (10,489 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: Farnborough. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 26611 . COSPAR: 2000-072D. Apogee: 39,282 km (24,408 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 7.1000 deg. Period: 708.30 min. STRV-1c and 1d were small satellites built by the DERA (former Royal Aircraft Establishment), Farnborough, England. Mass was around 95 kg each. STRV-1d carries an NRL Space Test Program experiment (S97-2), a camera, and technology and computer experiments.

2000 December 20 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V138 (508).
  • Astra 2D - . Mass: 1,414 kg (3,117 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: SES. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Astra. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 26638 . COSPAR: 2000-081A. Apogee: 35,895 km (22,304 mi). Perigee: 35,886 km (22,298 mi). Inclination: 0.2000 deg. Period: 1,441.41 min. Astra 2D was a Boeing 376HP spin-stabilised satellite, with a dry mass of around 700 kg. It was owned by the Luxembourg-based company SES and was to broadcast to the British Isles. Astra 2D was in a 292 x 35835 km x 2.2 deg transfer orbit on December 22 and was subsequently boosted into geosynchronous orbit by its Star 30 apogee kick motor. The 825 kg (dry mass) satellite carried 16 Ku-band transponders to provide direct-to-home voice, video, and data transmissions to Britain and neighboring countries after parking over 28.2 deg-E longitude. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 28 deg E in 2001 As of 3 September 2001 located at 28.17 deg E drifting at 0.014 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 28.17E drifting at 0.014W degrees per day.
  • GE 8/Aurora III - . Payload: Aurora 3. Mass: 1,414 kg (3,117 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GE Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 26639 . COSPAR: 2000-081B. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.25 min. GE 8 was a C-band TV and data distribution satellite for GE Americom. The Lockheed Martin A2100A spacecraft had a launch mass of 2015 kg, a dry mass of 919 kg, and was equipped with 24 C-band transponders. By December 26 GE 8 had reached an 18656 x 35760 km x 0.4 deg orbit on its way to geostationary orbit. It was jointly owned by AT&T Alascom for Alaskan communications, and was also called Aurora III. Americom and Alascom were originally both RCA subsidiaries. Alascom continued to use the Americom network while GE operated the satellite. The 2.2 tonne (with fuel) spacecraft carried 24 C-band transponders to provide voice, video, and broadband data communications to the contiguous USA, Alaska, and the Caribbean after parking over 139 deg-W longitude. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 146 deg W in 2001 As of 5 September 2001 located at 139.01 deg W drifting at 0.000 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 139.03W drifting at 0.003E degrees per day.
  • LDREX - . Mass: 1,414 kg (3,117 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: LDREX. Decay Date: 2010-03-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 26640 . COSPAR: 2000-081C. Apogee: 30,257 km (18,800 mi). Perigee: 241 km (149 mi). Inclination: 2.4000 deg. Period: 527.50 min. Ariane V138's EPS upper stage carried an ASAP5 small payload attachment ring with a special camera system and the LDREX experimental antenna for Japan's NASDA space agency. LDREX (Large-scale Deployable Reflector EXperiment) was a 6-m diameter antenna which was to have deployed 40 minutes after launch, to test the deployment mechanism for the larger antenna to be used on the ETS-8 satellite. After the test the antenna was to have been jettisoned. However the experiment failed and no deployment or jettison took place.

2001 March 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V140 (509).
  • Eurobird - . Payload: Eutelsat W1R. Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 26719 . COSPAR: 2001-011A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Launch delayed from March 2. Eurobird was a Spacebus 3000B3 built by Alcatel (Cannes). It was the 18th member of the European Eutelsat consortium's geosynchronous constellation and carried 24 Ku-band transponders to provide broad bandwidth and high power direct-to-home transmissions to enable digital entertainment and internet connections. The three tonne (with fuel) satellite was to be parked over 28.5 deg-E longitude, replacing the aging Copernicus (Kopernikus (DFS 3), 1992-066A). Dry mass was probably around 1300 kg. The satellite had an Astrium S400 bipropellant engine. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 28 deg E in 2001 As of 4 September 2001 located at 28.50 deg E drifting at 0.005 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 28.52E drifting at 0.000W degrees per day.
  • BSAT-2a - . Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: BSAT. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 26720 . COSPAR: 2001-011B. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. BSAT-2a was a Japanese geosynchronous communications spacecraft and the second Orbital STAR-class television broadcasting satellite. Its launch mass was 1317 kg; dry mass was 535 kg. The satellite had a Thiokol Star 30CBP solid apogee motor. The new BSTAR STAR-class satellites are a new design replacing the earlier Starbus type satellite of which only one (Cakrawarta 1) was launched. BSAT Corp. (Broadcasting Satellite System Corp.) earlier launched HS-376 satellites BSAT 1a and 1b, replacing the government's BS series which began Japanese direct broadcast services in 1978. The satellite was to be parked over 110 deg-E longitude to provide direct-to-home voice, video and internet communications. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 2001 As of 5 September 2001 located at 109.82 deg E drifting at 0.018 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 109.92E drifting at 0.009W degrees per day.

2001 July 12 - . 21:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V142 (510).
  • Artemis - . Mass: 3,105 kg (6,845 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Italsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26863 . COSPAR: 2001-029A. Apogee: 32,586 km (20,247 mi). Perigee: 32,451 km (20,164 mi). Inclination: 1.1000 deg. Period: 1,272.40 min. Artemis was a European Space Agency satellite designed to test new communications technologies. The Ariane 510 vehicle failed to reach its correct orbit. The solid boosters and main stage worked as planned and put the EPS upper stage in the planned near-suborbital trajectory. The EPS stage then fired but the Aestus engine failed to reach full thrust and cut off 1 minute early. Instead of the planned 858 x 35853 km orbit, only a 592 x 17528 km orbit was reached. The 3.1 tonne (with fuel), 2.5 kW spacecraft carried two pairs of ion engines and had adequate xenon propellant for those engines to reach geosynchronous altitude. This was the first ever rescue of a satellite mission using electric propulsion. The satellite reached its operational orbit in 31 January 2003.using the four German RITA electric xenon thrusters. Artemis could then function as originally planned, as there remained sufficient chemical propellant for 10 years’ operation. Artemis was to provide voice and data communications between mobile phones in Europe and North America, and act as a relay satellite between low-Earth orbiters and ground stations. Eventually, as part of the planned EGNOS system (to be operational by about 2010) it was to provide navigation/location determination as an independent European counterpart to the GPS and GLONASS fleets. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 21.40E drifting at 0.001W degrees per day.
  • BSAT-2b - . Mass: 3,105 kg (6,845 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: BSAT. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 26864 . COSPAR: 2001-029B. Apogee: 17,400 km (10,800 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 317.20 min. BSAT-2b was planned as a geosynchronous television broadcast satellite for the Japanese B-SAT company. It used Orbital's Star 1 bus and had a launch mass of 1298 kg. It carried a Thiokol Star 30 solid apogee motor and a set of station-keeping thrusters with 200 kg of propellant. A propulsion problem in the final stage of rocket stranded the satellite at a much lower altitude than planned. Since BSAT 2B carried only a soild propellant apogee kick motor, it was unable to maneuver itself to a useful orbit.

2002 March 1 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V145 (511).
  • Envisat - . Mass: 7,991 kg (17,617 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Envisat. USAF Sat Cat: 27386 . COSPAR: 2002-009A. Apogee: 785 km (487 mi). Perigee: 783 km (486 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.50 min. This launch was the first Ariane 5 to use the 17-m Long Fairing and the first to launch north from Kourou. The booster placed the European Space Agency's Envisat polar platform in orbit. The flight profile was quite different from earlier Ariane 5 GTO launches where the EPC core stage usually reached a marginal orbit. In this case EPC separation at 350 km high 10 min after launch. The stage was on a -2610 x 651 km x 93.8 deg orbit, reaching apogee around 0125 UTC and reentering north of Ellesmere Island at about 0136 UTC. The EPS final stage with Envisat only achieved a positive perigee at 22 minutes after launch, with a circular 790 km sun-synchronous orbit reached at 25 min after launch. ESA reported the booster put the satellite to within 20 m of the desired orbital position.

2002 July 5 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V153 (512) Ville de Charleroi.
  • Stellat 5 - . Mass: 4,050 kg (8,920 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Stellat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 27460 . COSPAR: 2002-035A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from late June. Stellat-5 was an Alcatel Spacebus 3000B3 with a dry mass of 1805 kg and 2245 kg of propellant. The satellite carried Ku-band and C-band transponders, and was a joint venture between France Telecom and Europeon.Star which was to provide 2-way internet access and video transmission from 5 deg W. Stellat-5 was colocated with France Telecom's Telecom 2C. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 4.99W drifting at 0.000E degrees per day.
  • NStar c - . Mass: 4,050 kg (8,920 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Stellat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: N-STAR. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 27461 . COSPAR: 2002-035B. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from late June. The N-Star c satellite was an S-band satellite for mobile telephone communications for NTT DoCoMo of Japan. N-Star c had a communications payload built by Lockheed Martin and used the Star 2 bus from Orbital. The small Star 2 satellite had a dry mass around 800 kg and was the first flight of a new Orbital hydrazine/nitrogen tetroxide liquid apogee propulsion system with a 500N thrust apogee engine developed by Japan's IHI. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 135.92E drifting at 0.012W degrees per day.

2002 August 28 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V155 (513).
  • Atlantic Bird 1 - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Italsat. USAF Sat Cat: 27508 . COSPAR: 2002-040A. Apogee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from August 27. Atlantic Bird was a European (EUTELSAT) geostationary communications spacecraft. The 2.7-ton (1550 kg dry with 1150 propellant), 5 kW satellite was to provide voice, video, and Internet services to Europe and the eastern part of America through its 24 transponders after being parked over 12.5° W. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 12.49W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.
  • MSG 1 - . Mass: 2,010 kg (4,430 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: MSG. USAF Sat Cat: 27509 . COSPAR: 2002-040B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from August 27. MSG 1 (Meteosat Second Generation 1) was a European (EUMETSAT consortium) geostationary weather satellite. After first being parked over 10° E longitude for six months it was later to be moved to zero degree longitude. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 3.50W drifting at 0.015W degrees per day.

2002 December 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V157 (517). FAILURE: The Ariane 5 core's Vulcain-2 engine began failing at T+178 seconds. The rocket veered off course and the destruct signal was sent.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Hot Bird 7 - . Mass: 3,350 kg (7,380 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. COSPAR: F20021211A. Summary: Maiden flight of Ariane 5 EC-A. Delayed from October, November 20 and 28. Hot Bird 7, a Eutelsat geostationary communications satellite, was lost in the failed first flight of the Ariane 5 EC-A. Value of the lost satellite was Euro 250 million..
  • Stentor - . Payload: Modified Spacebus 3000. Mass: 2,210 kg (4,870 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. COSPAR: F20021211B. Maiden flight of Ariane 5 EC-A. Delayed from October, November 20 and 28. Stentor, a French experimental geostationary direct broadcast communications satellite, was lost in the failed first flight of the Ariane 5 EC-A. Value of the lost satellite was Euro 388 million.

2003 April 9 - . 22:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V160 (514) Cities of Bordeaux/Colleferro.
  • Insat 3A - . Mass: 2,958 kg (6,521 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 27714 . COSPAR: 2003-013A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Return to flight of Ariane 5G after grounded following Ariane 5EC-A failure. Launch delayed from February 24, April 8, 2003. Satellite also had meteorological instruments. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 93.48E drifting at 0.009W degrees per day..
  • Galaxy 12 - . Mass: 1,792 kg (3,950 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 27715 . COSPAR: 2003-013B. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 125.09W drifting at 0.001W degrees per day..

2003 June 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V161 (515).
  • Optus and Defence 1 - . Mass: 4,725 kg (10,416 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 27830 . COSPAR: 2003-028A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,770 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Satellite jointly owned by Singtel Optus Pty and the Australian Dept. of Defense. Previous satellites in the series were purely civilian and didn't carry the dedicated defence communications equipment. Prime contractor for the satellie was Mitsubishi, using a Loral FS-1300 bus with UHF, X-band and Ka-band communications transponders. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 109.87E drifting at 0.009W degrees per day.
  • BSAT-2c - . Payload: Star 1. Mass: 1,298 kg (2,861 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: BSAT. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 27831 . COSPAR: 2003-028B. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 155.98E drifting at 0.008W degrees per day..

2003 September 27 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V162.
  • Insat 3E - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 27951 . COSPAR: 2003-043E. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0900 deg. Period: 1,436.06 min. The 440 Newton Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) took the satellite from its Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) of 649 km perigee and 36,000 km apogee with an orbital inclination of 7 deg. The LAM was fired for a total duration of 121 minutes in three phases on September 29, September 30 and October 1. A total velocity of 1460 m/sec was added by LAM at apogee. INSAT-3E had 1592 kg propellant at the time of its injection into GTO by Ariane-5 launch vehicle on September 28. After orbit raising operations, it had 510 kg of propellant remaining that is sufficient to arrest the drift and park it at its orbital slot as well as maintain the satellite in its orbit and controlling its orientation during its design life of more than 12 years. After the completion of the third apogee motor firing, the Solar Arrays and Antennae of INSAT-3E were deployed. The Sun tracking solar array of INSAT-3E had a total area of 29.6 sq m and it is designed to generate 2.9 kW (BoL) of power in orbit. The satellite had two deployable antennas and one fixed antenna. The satellite was expected to reach its final orbital slot of 55 deg E and be put into operation by November 2003. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 54.97E drifting at 0.001W degrees per day.
  • SMART-1 - . Mass: 370 kg (810 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Technology. Type: Space probe technology. Spacecraft: SMART-1. USAF Sat Cat: 27951 . COSPAR: 2003-043x. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0900 deg. Period: 1,436.06 min. European Space Agency satellite which was to use ion drive and gravity assists to reach lunar orbit. The spacecraft made its third lunar resonance gravity assist on October 12, 2004. The continued gravitational effect of the Moon resulted in lunar capture on November 15, 2004,, when SMART-1 entered a 4962 x 51,477 km orbit around the Moon inclined at 81 degrees to the lunar equator.
  • E-Bird - . Payload: BSS-376HP. Mass: 1,525 kg (3,362 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 27948 . COSPAR: 2003-043B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 1,436.06 min. Last flight of the Ariane 5G. Launch delayed from July 15, August 22 and 28, September 3. The e-Bird was to service high-speed access networks providing both forward and return links via satellite. The spacecraft carried 20 active Ku-band transponders, each powered by a 33-watt traveling wave tube amplifier. The Ku-band transponders were connected to four spot beams that would provide coverage over Europe and Turkey. The spacecraft was to operate at 33 degrees East longitude, and had a contract life of 10 years.

2004 March 2 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G+ V158 (518).
  • Rosetta - . Mass: 3,065 kg (6,757 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Comet. Type: Comet probe. Spacecraft: Rosetta. USAF Sat Cat: 28169 . COSPAR: 2004-006A. Summary: Launch delayed from January 13, 2003, February 26 and 27, 2004..

2004 July 18 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G+ V163 (519).
  • Anik F2 - . Payload: BSS-702. Mass: 5,950 kg (13,110 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 28378 . COSPAR: 2004-027A. Apogee: 38,333 km (23,818 mi). Perigee: 33,253 km (20,662 mi). Inclination: 0.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min. Summary: Delayed from May, July 9, 13, 16 and 17. Heaviest single payload to GTO to that date. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 111.09W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

2004 December 18 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G+ V165 (520).
  • Helios 2A - . Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Helios 2. USAF Sat Cat: 28492 . COSPAR: 2004-049A. Apogee: 690 km (420 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.0770 deg. Period: 98.39 min. Summary: First of two new-generation French military surveillance satellites. Last flight of Ariane 5G model. Launch delayed from December 10..
  • Parasol - . Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28498 . COSPAR: 2004-049G. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 98.0780 deg. Period: 97.91 min. Parasol carried a wide-field imaging radiometer/polarimeter called POLDER (Polarization and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectances), designed in partnership with the LOA atmospheric optics laboratory in Lille (CNRS-USTL). POLDER was designed to improve the knowledge of the radiative and microphysical properties of clouds and aerosols by measuring the directionality and polarization of light reflected by the Earth-atmosphere system.
  • Essaim 1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28494 . COSPAR: 2004-049C. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 663 km (411 mi). Inclination: 98.0760 deg. Period: 97.96 min. The Essaim demonstrator was a system of several micro-satellites (Essaim means 'swarm' in French) for 'analysis of the electro-magnetic environment of the Earth's surface' (electronic intelligence). DGA, the French Ministry of Defence's procurement agency, developed the project. The system also comprised a ground control segment and a ground station for data processing. It was called a 'demonstrator' since the mission's objective was to assess the operational capability of such a system, paving the way for the next generation. The Essaim satellites were based on EADS Astrium's Myriade multipurpose micro-satellite. In early 2000, the DGA awarded the contract for the development, manufacturing of this turnkey system of micro-satellites and associated ground segment. Under the contract, EADS Astrium was also responsible for personnel training and system operations during the three-year life duration of the programme.
  • Essaim 2 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28495 . COSPAR: 2004-049D. Apogee: 664 km (412 mi). Perigee: 657 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 3 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28496 . COSPAR: 2004-049E. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 654 km (406 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 4 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28497 . COSPAR: 2004-049F. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Nanosat 01 - . Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: INTA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Nanosat 01. USAF Sat Cat: 28493 . COSPAR: 2004-049B. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 658 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Summary: Experimental nanosat built by the Spanish space agency (INTA)..

2005 February 12 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V164 (521) City of Bremen.
  • XTAR-EUR - . Mass: 3,631 kg (8,004 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28542 . COSPAR: 2005-005A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Return to flight of Ariane 5 EC-A after booster failure on first launch. Delayed from April, June, September 28, October 28, November 3 and 8, 2004; and February 11, 2005. XTAR-EUR was a Spanish X-band military communications satellite operated by Hisdesat/XTAR of Spain. It had a dry mass of 1412 kg and 2219 kg of propellant. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 28.95E drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.
  • Maqsat-B2 - . Mass: 3,622 kg (7,985 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Maqsat. USAF Sat Cat: 28543 . COSPAR: 2005-005B. Apogee: 35,409 km (22,002 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 6.7000 deg. Period: 624.90 min. Summary: Maqsat was a test payload built by Kayser-Threde to study the Ariane 5ECA launch environment. Remained attached to the upper stage..
  • SLOSHSAT - . Payload: SLOSHSAT-FLEVO. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: ESA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SLOSHSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 28544 . COSPAR: 2005-005C. Apogee: 35,723 km (22,197 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 6.8000 deg. Period: 631.20 min. Summary: Test satellite to study the sloshing of fluids in zero gravity, developed by the Netherlands Aerospace Laboratory. Equipped with a tank with 33.5 liters of water and an attitude control system..

2005 August 11 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS. LV Configuration: Ariane 5GS V166 (523).
  • Ipstar 1 - . Payload: Thaicom 4, LS-1300SX. Mass: 6,486 kg (14,299 lb). Nation: Thailand. Agency: Shinawat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28786 . COSPAR: 2005-028A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ariane 5GS version maiden flight. Launch delayed from July 8 and 11, 2005. Heaviest geosynchronous transfer orbit payload to date. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 119.46E drifting at 0.009W degrees per day..

2005 October 13 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS. LV Configuration: Ariane 5GS V168 (524).
  • Galaxy 15 - . Mass: 2,033 kg (4,481 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 28884 . COSPAR: 2005-041A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Slated to provide satellite television services to the United States market. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 132.99W drifting at 0.009W degrees per day..
  • Syracuse 3A - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B3. Mass: 3,725 kg (8,212 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Syracuse. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 28885 . COSPAR: 2005-041B. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Syracuse 3A French military communications satellite. Launch delayed from mid-February, March 15, April 14, May 31, 2005. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 47.00E drifting at 0.010E degrees per day..

2005 November 16 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V167 (522).
  • Telkom 2 - . Mass: 1,975 kg (4,354 lb). Nation: Indonesia. Agency: PT Telkom. Program: Palapa. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 28902 . COSPAR: 2005-046A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Summary: Satellite's launch delayed from April 14, May 31, October 27, November 10 and 12, 2005, for technical problems. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 118.00E drifting at 0.013W degrees per day..
  • Spaceway 2 - . Mass: 6,116 kg (13,483 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DirecTV. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: DirecTV. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 28903 . COSPAR: 2005-046B. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Period: 1,436.10 min. Heaviest total commercial GTO payload to that date. Qualification flight for the Ariane 5 EC-A version. Launch delayed from June 25 due to launch vehicle problems. Spaceway 2 launch delayed from April for problems with the satellite. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 99.24W drifting at 0.010W degrees per day.

2005 December 21 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS. LV Configuration: Ariane 5GS V169 (525).
  • Insat 4A - . Mass: 3,081 kg (6,792 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 28911 . COSPAR: 2005-049A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Delayed from late July 2005. Launch delayed from August 23, October, November 14 and 30, December 8, 16 and 20. Dry mass 1385 kg. The satellite was equipped with Ku-band and C-band transponders and would join other Insats in providing telecommunications and television services to the Indian subcontinent. After three engine burns the satellite reached geostationary altitude over the Indian Ocean at 04:30 GMT on 26 December, then deployed its solar arrays. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 83.00E drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.
  • MSG 2 - . Mass: 2,034 kg (4,484 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eumetsat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: MSG. USAF Sat Cat: 28912 . COSPAR: 2005-049B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 1.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Delayed from mid-February, March 15, June 2005. Meteosat Second Generation spin-stabilized weather satellite. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 0.11W drifting at 0.024W degrees per day..

2006 March 11 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V170 (527).
  • Spainsat - . Payload: LS-1300. Mass: 3,683 kg (8,119 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Hisdesat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28945 . COSPAR: 2006-007A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Spainsat was to provide secure X and Ku band communications for the Spanish defense ministry. It had a dry mass of 1467 kg and a solar panel span of 31.4m. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 29.99W drifting at 0.010W degrees per day..
  • Hot Bird 7A - . Payload: SB-3000B3. Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28946 . COSPAR: 2006-007B. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 0.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Hot Bird 7A had a dry mass of 1740 kg and a solar panel span of 36.9m. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 13.03E drifting at 0.010E degrees per day..

2006 May 27 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V171 (529).
  • Satmex 6 - . Payload: LS-1300. Mass: 5,465 kg (12,048 lb). Nation: Mexico. Agency: SatMex. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: Morelos. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 29162 . COSPAR: 2006-020A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: The satellite had a dry mass of 2310 kg and a hybrid C-band and Ku-band telecom payload for telecom and internet service in Mexico and the rest of North and Latin America As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 113.03W drifting at 0.002W degrees per day..
  • Thaicom 5 - . Payload: SB-3000. Mass: 2,766 kg (6,097 lb). Nation: Thailand. Agency: Shinawat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Thaicom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 29163 . COSPAR: 2006-020B. Apogee: 36,036 km (22,391 mi). Perigee: 35,388 km (21,989 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,432.30 min. Summary: The satellite had a dry mass of 1220 kg and a payload designed for C/Ku-band telecom and TV transmission in the Asia-Pacific Region. It was to replace Thaicom 3. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 78.52E drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

2006 August 11 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V172 (531).
  • JCSAT 10 - . Payload: AS2100AX. Mass: 4,048 kg (8,924 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JSAT. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: JCSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 29272 . COSPAR: 2006-033A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku/C-band television broadcasting satellite for the Japanese market; mass 1858 kg dry. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 128.01E drifting at 0.012W degrees per day..
  • Syracuse 3B - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B3. Mass: 3,750 kg (8,260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Syracuse. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 29273 . COSPAR: 2006-033B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: SHF and EHF military communications links for the French military. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 5.21W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

2006 October 13 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V173 (533).
  • DirecTV 9S - . Mass: 8,180 kg (18,030 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DirecTV. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: DirecTV. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 29494 . COSPAR: 2006-043A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Addition to DirecTV's direct broadcast television constellation. Carried 52 high-power Ku-band transponders and 2 Ka-band transponders. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 101.13W drifting at 0.009W degrees per day..
  • Optus D1 - . Payload: Star-2. Nation: Australia. Agency: Optus. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 29495 . COSPAR: 2006-043B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min. Summary: Direct television broadcast to the Australian market. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 159.99E drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..
  • LDREX 2 - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: LDREX. Decay Date: 2010-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 29496 . COSPAR: 2006-043C. Apogee: 26,980 km (16,760 mi). Perigee: 227 km (141 mi). Inclination: 7.2000 deg. Period: 468.50 min. Summary: LDREX-2 was attached to the upper stage. It deployed a 6.5-meter antenna design planned for the later ETS-8 satellite.

2006 December 8 - . 22:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V174 (534).
  • WildBlue 1 - . Mass: 4,735 kg (10,438 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 29643 . COSPAR: 2006-054A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min. Broadband internet satellite, using the Ka-band satellite. Dry mass 2000 kg. At separation of the Ariane core the stack was in a -1282 km x 233 km x 6.9 deg suborbital trajectory. The ESC-A upper stage fired to put the satellites in a geostationary transfer orbit of 265 km x 35700 km x 2.0 deg. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 111.14W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day.
  • AMC-18 - . Mass: 2,081 kg (4,587 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SES Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 29644 . COSPAR: 2006-054B. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min. Summary: C-band cable television distribution satellite with a dry mass of 918 kg. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 104.94W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day..

2007 March 11 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V175 (535).
  • Skynet 5A - . Mass: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Paradigm. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 30794 . COSPAR: 2007-007B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Skynet 5A was launched by Paradigm Secure Communications as part of its turnkey contract to provide a secure communications satellite network to the British military and NATO..
  • Insat 4B - . Mass: 3,035 kg (6,691 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 30793 . COSPAR: 2007-007A. Apogee: 35,808 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,766 km (22,223 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: ISRO communications satellite with C and Ku band channels, and a dry mass of 1335 kg.

2007 May 4 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V176 (536).
  • Astra 1L - . Payload: A2100AX. Mass: 4,497 kg (9,914 lb). Nation: Luxembourg. Agency: SES. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Astra. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 31306 . COSPAR: 2007-016A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Astra 1L provided direct-to-home broadcast services to Europe from its location at 19.2º East. It also strengthened the SES in-orbit backup system, extended fleet coverage from the Canary Islands eastwards up to the Russian border, and allowed Astra 2C to be moved from 19.2º East to 28.2º to fulfill high capacity demand from the U.K. and Ireland. Astra 1L was equipped with 29 Ku + 2 Ka active transponders, which would be reduced to 27 active transponders after its first five years of operation.
  • Galaxy 17 - . Payload: SB-3000B3. Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 31307 . COSPAR: 2007-016B. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: C/Ku-band satellite for cable television relay in the United States..

2007 August 14 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V177 (537).
  • Spaceway 3 - . Mass: 6,075 kg (13,393 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Hughes. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: DirecTV. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 32018 . COSPAR: 2007-036A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min. Summary: Satellite launched for Hughes Network Systems, with a Ka-band payload for space-based internet. Mass 3655 kg dry..
  • BSAT-3A - . Payload: A2100A. Mass: 1,967 kg (4,336 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: BSAT. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 32019 . COSPAR: 2007-036B. Apogee: 35,826 km (22,261 mi). Perigee: 35,746 km (22,211 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Satllite launched for the Japan Broadcasting Satellite Systems Corp. (BSAT) with a Ku-band television payload. Mass 930 kg dry..

2007 October 5 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS. LV Configuration: Ariane 5GS V178 (526).
  • Optus D-2 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: Optus. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32252 . COSPAR: 2007-044A. Apogee: 35,889 km (22,300 mi). Perigee: 35,862 km (22,283 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.70 min. Ku-band satellite designed to deliver television, internet, communications, and data services to Australia and New Zealand. After deployment of the two satellites, the EPS third stage made a brief burn at 23:28 GMT to make the first in-flight test the Aestus engine's restart capability. This was to be used in 2008 in the first launch of the ATV ISS resupply spacecraft.
  • Intelsat IS-11 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32253 . COSPAR: 2007-044B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: C and Ku-band satellite designed to provide Atlantic region communications services..

2007 November 14 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V179 (538).
  • Skynet 5B - . Mass: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Paradigm. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32294 . COSPAR: 2007-056B. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Skynet 5B was designed to provide communications services in the SHF and UHF bands to the UK Ministry of Defence..
  • Star One C1 - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: Embratel. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32293 . COSPAR: 2007-056A. Apogee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Formerly named Brasilsat C1, the satellite was launched as part of a joint venture between several South American countries with Brazil's Embratel taking a lead role..

2007 December 21 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS. LV Configuration: Ariane 5GS V180 (530).
  • Rascom-QAF-1 - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B3. Mass: 4,579 kg (10,094 lb). Nation: Mauritius. Agency: RascomStarQAF. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Rascom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 32387 . COSPAR: 2007-063A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. African communications satellite with a hybrid Ku/C-band payload. Nominal owner RascomStarQAF of Port Louis, Mauritius, a subsidiary of the Regional African Satellite Communications Organization (RASCOM) based in Cote d'Ivoire. The mission and satellite control centers were located in Cameroun and Libya. The satellite was to provide voice, data and internet services throughout Africa. Ahelium leak in the propulsion system prevented use of the primary apogee motor. Reaction control motors were used instead to slowly move the satellite into geosynchronous orbit. The satellite was expected to reach its operating location, but with a shorter-than-planned operational lifetime.
  • Horizons 2 - . Payload: Star-2. Mass: 2,350 kg (5,180 lb). Nation: Bermuda. Agency: Intelsat; JSAT. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Horizons. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32388 . COSPAR: 2007-063D. Apogee: 35,816 km (22,254 mi). Perigee: 35,815 km (22,254 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,437.50 min. Launched by Horizons Satellite Holdings LLC, a joint venture of Intelsat and the Japanese JSAT company. To be placed at 74 deg W to serve United States, eastern Canada, and the Caribbean with communication services using its 16-transmitter Ku-band communications payload.

2008 March 9 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ES.
  • Jules Verne ATV - . Mass: 19,012 kg (41,914 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: ATV. Duration: 204.39 days. Decay Date: 2008-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 32686 . COSPAR: 2008-008A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. First launch of Europe's Automated Transfer Vehicle, a logistics vehicle designed for ISS resupply. The Ariane model 5ES launch vehicle, vehicle L528, had the enhanced EAP solid boosters and EPC core stage of the Ariane 5ECA, but with the new EPS-V upper stage with restart capability and a vehicle equipment bay instrument unit strengthened to carry the heavier LEO payload. Jules Verne carried 1300 kg of dry cargo, 302 kg of water and oxygen, and 860 kg of propellant to the ISS. For this test mission it had a dry mass of 10075 kg and 6475 kg of maneuvering propellant (in later missions the propellant could be thousands of kilograms less, in order to deliver more cargo).

    The EPS stage made its first burn and placed the stack into a 137 km x 260 km orbit at 04:20 GMT. The EPS restarted at 05:05, burned for 30-seconds, and released the ATV into a 254 km x 272 km orbit.

    Following extensive checkouts and maneuvering near the ISS, ATV Jules Verne docked at the aft end of ISS Zvezda module at 14:52 GMT on 3 April. While docked to the station, it was used several times to boost the station's orbit and to shift it in debris avoidance maneuvers. The ATV undocked from the ISS on 5 September and used a fuel-conserving 23 days to position itself for a safe re-entry over the South Pacific. Final destructive re-entry began at 13:30 GMT on 29 September.


2008 April 18 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V539.
  • Vinasat 1 - . Mass: 6,740 kg (14,850 lb). Nation: Vietnam. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 32767 . COSPAR: 2008-018A. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Summary: First satellite launched by Vietnam. The Vietnam Post and Telecom Corporation communications satellite was equipped with C and Ku band payloads..
  • Star One C2 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B3. Nation: Brazil. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32768 . COSPAR: 2008-018B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite owned by Brazilian operator Star One with C, Ku and X-band transponders.

2008 June 12 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5C - . Payload: Eurostr 3000S. Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33055 . COSPAR: 2008-030A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Turksat 3A - . Nation: Turkey. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Turksat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 33056 . COSPAR: 2008-030B. Apogee: 35,811 km (22,251 mi). Perigee: 35,761 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Replacement for Turksat-1C, positioned at 42 deg E; 24 Ku-band transponders..

2008 July 7 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Protostar 1 / Intelsat 5 - . Payload: Intelsat 5. Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Nation: Bermuda. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 33153 . COSPAR: 2008-034A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Originally Chinasat 8; sale cancelled due to new US export regulations. Sold to Protostar in 2006, still to serve Chinese market. After launch when Protostar closed down sold to Intelsat and entered service as Intelsat 5..
  • Badr 6 - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Badr. USAF Sat Cat: 33154 . COSPAR: 2008-034B. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,770 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2008 August 14 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Superbird 7 - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Superbird. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DS2000. USAF Sat Cat: 33274 . COSPAR: 2008-038A. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,770 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band Mitsubishi Electric DS2000 class satellite for Japanese television broadcasting..
  • AMC 21 - . Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 33277 . COSPAR: 2008-038D. Apogee: 35,677 km (22,168 mi). Perigee: 276 km (171 mi). Inclination: 2.1000 deg. Period: 630.40 min. Summary: Ku-band satellite for SES Americom's North American services, using an Orbital Star 2 bus and a Thales Alenia communications payload..

2008 December 20 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Hot Bird 9 - . Mass: 4,880 kg (10,750 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33459 . COSPAR: 2008-065A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band satellite slated to replace Hot Bird 3 at 13 deg E..
  • Eutelsat W2M - . Payload: Insat. Mass: 3,460 kg (7,620 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 33460 . COSPAR: 2008-065B. Apogee: 35,843 km (22,271 mi). Perigee: 35,735 km (22,204 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Summary: Ku-band satellite designed to operate at 10 deg E. It used the Indian Insat I3K bus and was the first foreign sale of an Indian-built satellite. It made it to geosynchronous orbit but suffered a power system and was written off eight days after launch..

2009 February 11 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • NSS 9 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Intelsat. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 33749 . COSPAR: 2009-008A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Hot Bird 10 - . Mass: 4,875 kg (10,747 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Eutelsat. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33750 . COSPAR: 2009-008B. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Spirale A - . Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Spacecraft: Spirale. USAF Sat Cat: 33751 . COSPAR: 2009-008C. Apogee: 35,693 km (22,178 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 637.60 min.
  • Spirale B - . Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Spacecraft: Spirale. USAF Sat Cat: 33752 . COSPAR: 2009-008D. Apogee: 35,681 km (22,171 mi). Perigee: 641 km (398 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 637.60 min.

2009 May 14 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
2009 July 1 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Terrestar-1 - . Mass: 6,910 kg (15,230 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Arianespace. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 35496 . COSPAR: 2009-035A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 5.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Heaviest communications satellite to date; equipped with an 18-meter deployable antenna for S-band mobile communications..

2009 August 21 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • JCSAT 12 - . Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: JCSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 35755 . COSPAR: 2009-044A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Optus D3 - . Payload: Star-2.4. Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 35756 . COSPAR: 2009-044B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2009 October 1 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • COMSATBw-1 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B2. Mass: 2,440 kg (5,370 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: COMSATBw. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 35942 . COSPAR: 2009-054A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,765 km (22,223 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: German military communications satellite. Dry mass 1040 kg..
  • Amazonas 2 - . Mass: 5,465 kg (12,048 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Hispasat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 35943 . COSPAR: 2009-054B. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Commercial broadcast satellite for North and South America..

2009 October 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • NSS 12 - . Mass: 5,620 kg (12,380 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 36032 . COSPAR: 2009-058A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: C- and Ku-band communications satellite stationed at 57 deg E..
  • Thor 6 - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B2. Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Thor Comsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 36033 . COSPAR: 2009-058B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Direct broadcast satellite stationed at 1 deg W..

2009 December 18 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS. LV Configuration: Ariane 5GS s/n L532.
  • Helios 2B - . Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Helios. Spacecraft: SPOT-5A-5B. USAF Sat Cat: 36124 . COSPAR: 2009-073A. Apogee: 680 km (420 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Summary: French military surveillance satellite..

2010 May 21 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Astra 3B - . Mass: 5,471 kg (12,061 lb). Nation: Luxembourg. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Astra. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 36581 . COSPAR: 2010-021A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,765 km (22,223 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite with 52 Ku-band transponders; stationed at 23.5 deg E..
  • ComsatBW-2 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B2. Mass: 2,440 kg (5,370 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Arianespace. Program: COMSATBw. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 36582 . COSPAR: 2010-021B. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: German military communications satellite..

2010 June 26 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Coms 1 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 36744 . COSPAR: 2010-032A. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite. Weather, oceanography, and communications payloads..
  • Arabsat 5A - . Mass: 4,800 kg (10,500 lb). Nation: Arab States. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Arabsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 36745 . COSPAR: 2010-032B. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite with 16 C-band and 24 Ku-band transponders, stationed at 30.5 deg E..

2010 August 4 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Nilesat 201 - . Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: Egypt. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Nilesat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 36830 . COSPAR: 2010-037A. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,770 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band/Ka-band direct broadcasting satellite..
  • Rascom QAF 1R - . Payload: RascomQAF-1R. Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: Nigeria. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Rascom. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 36831 . COSPAR: 2010-037B. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku and C band transponders to provide telecommunications, broadcasting and internet service to Africa for the Regional African Satellite Communications Organization..

2010 October 28 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Eutelsat W3B - . Payload: Spacebus 4000. Mass: 5,370 kg (11,830 lb). Nation: Europe. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 37206 . COSPAR: 2010-056A. Apogee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 631.90 min.
  • Bsat 3B - . Payload: A2100A. Mass: 2,060 kg (4,540 lb). Nation: Japan. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 37207 . COSPAR: 2010-056B. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2010 November 26 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Hylas 1 - . Payload: I-2K Insat-2000. Mass: 2,570 kg (5,660 lb). Nation: UK. Manufacturer: ISRO. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 37237 . COSPAR: 2010-065A. Apogee: 36,052 km (22,401 mi). Perigee: 35,522 km (22,072 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ka band communications; 2570 kg loaded / 1125 kg unfuelled..
  • Intelsat 17 - . Payload: Intelsat IS-17. Mass: 5,393 kg (11,889 lb). Nation: USA. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 37238 . COSPAR: 2010-065B. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,770 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite to be stationed at 66 deg E over the Indian Ocean; 5540 kg loaded / 2393 kg unfuelled..

2010 December 29 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA s/n V199.
  • Hispasat 1E - . Mass: 5,320 kg (11,720 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Hispasat. Program: Hispasat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 37264 . COSPAR: 2010-070A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku band communications; 5320 kg loaded / 2175 kg unfuelled..
  • Koreasat 6 - . Payload: Star-2. Mass: 2,850 kg (6,280 lb). Nation: Korea South. Program: Koreasat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37265 . COSPAR: 2010-070B. Apogee: 35,827 km (22,261 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,437.00 min. Summary: Ku band communications; 2850 kg loaded / 1150 kg unfuelled..

2011 February 16 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ES.
  • Johannes Kepler ATV 2 - . Payload: ATV 2. Mass: 19,712 kg (43,457 lb). Nation: Europe. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-26; ISS EO-25. Spacecraft: ATV. Duration: 125.00 days. Decay Date: 2011-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 37368 . COSPAR: 2011-007A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: ISS resupply; second European Space Agency Automated Transfer Vehicle. Docked with the ISS Zvezda module on 25 February. Undocked on 21 June at 14:46 GMT. Retrofire the same day at 20:04 GMT sent it to burn up over the Pacific Ocean..

2011 April 22 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Intelsat New Dawn - . Nation: USA. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37392 . COSPAR: 2011-016A. Apogee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Communications satellite with C/Ku hybrid payload, and, to have been stationed at 32.8 deg E for coverage of Africa. New Dawn Satellite Co. Ltd. was a joint venture of Intelsat and Convergence Partners, Johannesburg, South Africa. Couldn't deploy its C-band antenna, although the Ku-band deployed and was functional.
  • Yahsat 1A - . Nation: UAE. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 37393 . COSPAR: 2011-016B. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite, stationed at 52.5 deg E over the Indian Ocean, with C- and Ku-band payload for Al Yah Satellite Communications Company, Abu Dhabi..

2011 May 20 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Gsat 8 - . Payload: Insat-3000. Mass: 3,150 kg (6,940 lb). Nation: India. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. COSPAR: 2011-022A. Apogee: 35,816 km (22,254 mi). Perigee: 35,757 km (22,218 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite with a GAGAN navigation payload..
  • ST-2 - . Mass: 5,090 kg (11,220 lb). Nation: Japan. Program: ST. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DS2000. COSPAR: 2011-022B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Singapore-Taiwan 2 communications satellite with both C and Ku band transmitters..

2011 August 6 - . 22:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Astra 1N - . Nation: Luxembourg. Program: Astra. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 37775 . COSPAR: 2011-041A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Geosynchronous communications satellite to be stationed at 19.2 deg E for direct television broadcasting to Europe..
  • BSAT-3C - . Payload: A2100A. Nation: Japan. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 37776 . COSPAR: 2011-041B. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Japan's Broadcast Satellite Systems Corporation communications satellite..

2011 September 21 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • SES 2 - . Payload: Orbital Star 2.4. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37809 . COSPAR: 2011-049A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite with 24 C-band and 24 Ku-band transponders, and a US Air Force infrared surveillance sensor experiment..
  • Arabsat 5C - . Nation: Arab States. Program: Arabsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 37810 . COSPAR: 2011-049B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: C-band/Ka-band communications satellite for television broadcast to Arab countries..

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