Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kronogard



kronogar.gif
Kronogard
Credit: © Mark Wade
Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches from 1961 to 1964, reaching up to 135 kilometers altitude.

Location: Norrbottens Lan.
Longitude: 19.7714 deg.
Latitude: 66.2269 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Apache The Apache upper stage was an improved version of the Cajun. The Thiokol engine used aluminised polyurethane propellant with a higher specific impulse and phenolic lining in the steel nozzle. Cost to NASA was $ 6,000 per rocket. The Apache could be used in a single stage version, but was normally used with a booster stage, usually the Nike. More...
  • Arcas The Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings) was developed by the Atlantic Research Corporation for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) with the support of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Primarily a meteorological rocket, the Arcas was first fired in July 1959. The single-stage version was designed to lift 5.4 kg to 64 km. For more demanding missions, several versions of boosted Arcas were developed, as well as a stretched Super Arcas motor. More...
  • Cajun The Cajun research rocket was developed as a dimensionally-similar but higher performance successor to the Deacon. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike Cajun American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle sounding rocket consisting of a Nike booster together with a Cajun upper stage. Aside from the Soviet MMR-06, the Nike-Cajun was the most often launched sounding rocket. The Cajun motor was developed for NASA in the 1950's by Thiokol, providing a more modern but still affordable replacement for the World War II-era Deacon. More...
  • Nike Apache American sounding rocket. The most popular sounding rocket introduced during the early 1960's was this two-stage, solid-propellant vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Apache upper stage. More...
  • Arcas American sounding rocket. The Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings) was developed by the Atlantic Research Corporation for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) with the support of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Primarily a meteorological rocket, the Arcas was first fired in July 1959. The single-stage version was designed to lift 5.4 kg to 64 km. For more demanding missions, several versions of boosted Arcas were developed, as well as a stretched Super Arcas motor. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Kronogard Chronology


1961 August 14 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. Launch Complex: Kronogard J. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas K61-1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1962 August 7 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-62-1.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; AFCRL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1962 August 7 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas K-62-2.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; AFCRL. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1962 August 11 - . 01:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-62-3.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; AFCRL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1962 August 19 - . 00:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-62-4.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; AFCRL. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1962 August 31 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-62-5.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; AFCRL. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1963 July 27 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-63-1.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1963 July 29 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-63-2.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1963 August 1 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-63-3.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1963 August 7 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-63-4.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1964 August 6 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.55DA.
  • K64-S-1 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1964 August 7 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.138GA.
  • K64-G-1 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.56DA.
  • K64-S-2 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.139GA.
  • K64-G-2 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.57DA.
  • K64-S-3 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.140GA.
  • K64-G-3 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.58DA.
  • K64-S-4 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.141GA.
  • K64-G-4 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

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