Encyclopedia Astronautica
Mar Chiquita



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Mar Chiquita
Credit: © Mark Wade
Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 69 launches from 1968 to 1976, reaching up to 430 kilometers altitude.

Location: CELPA Atlantica, Buenos Aires.
Longitude: -57.4051 deg.
Latitude: -37.7243 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
  • Argentina The Argentine Interplanetary Society was organized in the 1940's. In 1952 Argentina was one of the founding members of the International Astronautical Federation. From 1960 the Comision Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales (CNIE) worked with the Argentine Air Force's Instituto de Investigaciones Aeronauticas y Espaciales (IIAE) to develop indigenous sounding rockets and missiles. Argentina was the first country in Latin America to send an object into space using an indigenously-developed rocket. In the 1980's Argentina took part in a multinational effort to develop the Condor intermediate range missile. Under American pressure, the Condor Program was canceled in 1991, the IIAE and CNIE were dismantled, and further work on launch vehicles was banned. A new civilian space agency, CONAE was created, which concentrated on development of surveillance satellites for earth resource and environmental monitoring. More...

See also
  • Arcas The Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings) was developed by the Atlantic Research Corporation for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) with the support of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Primarily a meteorological rocket, the Arcas was first fired in July 1959. The single-stage version was designed to lift 5.4 kg to 64 km. For more demanding missions, several versions of boosted Arcas were developed, as well as a stretched Super Arcas motor. More...
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Arcas American sounding rocket. The Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings) was developed by the Atlantic Research Corporation for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) with the support of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Primarily a meteorological rocket, the Arcas was first fired in July 1959. The single-stage version was designed to lift 5.4 kg to 64 km. For more demanding missions, several versions of boosted Arcas were developed, as well as a stretched Super Arcas motor. More...
  • Dragon 1 French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier upper stage was augmented by a Stromboli booster with 686 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Orion-2 Argentinan sounding rocket. Single-stage solid-propellant sounding rocket first launched in 1965. The rocket could reach a top speed of 548 m/s. More...
  • Rocketsonde American sounding rocket. Meteorological sounding rockets that could use Loki Datasonde, Arcas, or Deacon rockets as the booster. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Mar Chiquita Chronology


1968 January 24 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Rad 2/68.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET-36.
1968 May 29 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET-37.
1968 June 13 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET-38.
1968 June 26 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET-39.
1968 July 16 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET-40.
1968 July 31 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET-41.
1968 August 14 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET-42.
1968 September 20 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET C44.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1968 September 25 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET C45.
1968 October 2 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET C46.
1968 October 10 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET C47.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1968 November 13 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET C48.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1968 November 27 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 EXAMETNET C49.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1968 December 1 - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 January 15 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi).

1969 January 30 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1969 March 12 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 April 16 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 May 1 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1969 May 15 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1969 May 29 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 June 18 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1969 July 3 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1969 September 18 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1969 November 12 - . 19:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1969 December 18 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1970 May 3 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Chemical release / fields mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 May 6 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-37.
  • Electron density Test / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1970 October 28 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 November 19 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

1970 December 3 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1970 December 18 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1971 July 1 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1971 July 15 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1971 July 28 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1971 October 7 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1971 October 14 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1971 October 20 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1971 October 27 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1971 November 4 - . 13:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 November 17 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1971 December 16 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1972 January 5 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1972 January 19 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1972 February 2 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

1972 February 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1972 March 1 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1972 March 15 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1972 June 15 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1972 June 28 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1972 July 19 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1972 August 16 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 August 30 - . 15:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1972 September 20 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1972 September 27 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1973 January 17 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1973 January 31 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1973 February 14 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 May 16 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1973 May 30 - . 16:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1973 September 12 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1976 July 28 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1976 August 5 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1976 August 12 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1976 August 18 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1976 September 15 - . 14:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1976 September 22 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1976 September 30 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1976 October 6 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1976 November 17 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1976 November 25 - . 14:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1976 December 1 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1976 December 9 - . 14:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

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