Encyclopedia Astronautica
Peenemuende P12


V-2 launch complex.

Longitude: 13.8012 deg.
Latitude: 54.1686 deg.
First Launch: 1944.08.13.
Number: 2 .

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Associated Launch Vehicles
  • V-2 The V-2 ballistic missile (known to its designers as the A4) was the world's first operational liquid fuel rocket. It represented an enormous quantum leap in technology, financed by Nazi Germany in a huge development program that cost at least $ 2 billion in 1944 dollars. 6,084 V-2 missiles were built, 95% of them by 20,000 slave labourer in the last seven months of World War II at a unit price of $ 17,877. As many as 3,225 were launched in combat, primarily against Antwerp and London, and a further 1,000 to 1,750 were fired in tests and training. Despite the scale of this effort, the inaccurate missile did not change the course of the war and proved to be an enormous waste of resources. The British, Americans, and Russians launched a further 86 captured German V-2's in 1945-1952. Personnel and technology from the V-2 program formed the starting point for post-war rocketry development in America, Russia, and France. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Peenemuende First launch site in the world, used for development of the V-1, A-4/V-2, Wasserfall, and other missiles. Among many major facilities, engine test stands were built that were capable of accommodating planned engines for the A-10 intercontinental missile. 296 known launches were made from the site between 1937 and 1945. More...

Peenemuende P12 Chronology


1944 August 13 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P12. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-181. FAILURE: Range 0.5 km. Exploded at 50 seconds..
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