Encyclopedia Astronautica
Plesetsk PL31

R-9 launch complex.

Longitude: 40.6936 deg.
Latitude: 62.9098 deg.
First Launch: 1967.05.16.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Desna Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Silo-launched version, silo hardened to 15-30 atmospheres overpressure. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...

Plesetsk PL31 Chronology

1967 May 16 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk PL31. Launch Pad: PL31/ShPU-12. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Desna.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

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