Encyclopedia Astronautica
Plesetsk LC163


RT-23 launch complex.

Longitude: 40.6936 deg.
Latitude: 62.9098 deg.
First Launch: 1982.10.26.
Last Launch: 1984.01.18.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • RT-23U 15Zh60 Ukrainian intercontinental ballistic missile. Design began of the silo-based version of the RT-23UTTKh on 9 August 1983. More...
  • RT-23 15Zh52 Ukrainian intercontinental ballistic missile. A draft project of the 15Zh52 MIRV train-based version of the RT-23 was completed in June 1980. The system was designed to allow the mobile launchers to conduct long-duration deployments up to 200 km from base. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...

Plesetsk LC163 Chronology


1982 October 26 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC163. Launch Pad: LC163 ShPU-2. LV Family: RT-23. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • silo - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 January 18 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC163. LV Family: RT-23. Launch Vehicle: RT-23 15Zh52. LV Configuration: RT-23 15Zh52 15Zh52.
  • rail - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

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