Encyclopedia Astronautica
SvalRak



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SvalRak
Credit: © Mark Wade
Sounding rocket launch site, known to have been used for 41 launches from 1997 to 2004, reaching up to 1108 kilometers altitude. This launch site, on the arctic archipelago Svalbard, provides unique conditions for rocket studies of the dayside polar cusp, cleft and cap. The site is ideal for scientific exploration of the dayside aurora and processes in the magnetospheric boundary layer.

Location: Ny Alesund, Svalbard, Spitzbergen.
Longitude: 13.7854 deg.
Latitude: 78.5706 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...
  • Hawk American surface-to-air missile and sounding rocket family. More...
  • RH Indian solid propellant sounding rocket family using indigenous rocket motors derived from French Belier / Jericho rocket engine technology. More...
  • S Series of Japanese single-stage sounding rockets designed for low-cost observations of the ionosphere. More...
  • Viper Single stage sounding rocket developed as a follow-on to the Loki-Dart. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike Orion American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle. Payload 68 kg to 190 km or 204 kg to 90 km. The Nike motor had three equally spaced unmodified Ajax fins, and the Orion motor had four fins on the aft end arranged in a cruciform configuration to provide stability. The first stage Nike booster had an action time of 3.2 seconds. The second stage ignited 9 seconds after liftoff and had an action time of 32 seconds. Capability 68 kg payload to 190 kilometers or a 204 kg payload to 90 kilometers when launched from sea level at an 85 degree launch angle. More...
  • Black Brant 9 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier Mk 70 + 1 x Black Brant VB. More...
  • Viper 3A American sounding rocket. The Viper 3A/10D Dart was a two stage sounding rocket vehicle consisting of a solid propellant Viper 3A rocket motor as the first stage and a non-propulsive Dart containing the payload as the second stage. More...
  • Improved Orion American sounding rocket. Unguided solid propellant single stage rocket using a military surplus M112 Hawk rocket motor. The motor was a dual thrust burner with a boost phase of 5 seconds and a sustainer phase of approximately 21 seconds. The rocket accelerated the payload then for 26 seconds with peak acceleration during the boost phase of 21g. A payload mass of 100 kg could be carried to an apogee of approximately 110 km. More...
  • SS-520 Japanese test vehicle. The SS-520 was a two-stage rocket, the first stage consisting of the main booster of the S-520. It had a capability of launching a 140 kg payload to an altitude of about 1,000 km, and with addition of a third stage, as a satellite launch vehicle. More...
  • VS-30/Orion Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Orion More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Official Site of the Topic, Information obtained from the manufacturer or operator's official web site.

Associated Launch Sites

SvalRak Chronology


1997 November 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-300 Mk II. LV Configuration: RH-300 Mk II F-110. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISBJORN-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1997 November 20 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A F-111 Mini-Dusty.
  • ISBJORN-2 (MD-5) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1997 December 2 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.153IE.
1997 December 3 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.152IE.
2000 December 4 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: SS-520. LV Configuration: SS-520 SS-520-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,108 km (688 mi).

2001 July 16 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-01.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2001 July 19 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-02.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

2001 July 22 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-03.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 22 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROCH-04.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 25 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-05.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 28 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-06.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-07.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 July 31 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROCH-08.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 2 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-09.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 6 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-10.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 9 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-11.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 12 - . 10:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-12.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 17 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-13.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 17 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROCH-14.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 20 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-15.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 20 - . 19:48 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-16.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 23 - . 10:09 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-17.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 27 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-18.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 28 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-19.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 28 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROCH-20.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 29 - . 10:11 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-21.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 1 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-22.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 5 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-23.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 6 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-24.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 8 - . 10:24 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-25.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 11 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-26.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 11 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-27.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 14 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-28.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 14 - . 10:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-29.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 September 14 - . 10:44 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROCH-30.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 December 14 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.033GE.
2003 July 1 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion ROMA RO-MI-01.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 July 4 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion ROMA RO-MI-02.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 July 6 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion ROMA RO-MI-03.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 November 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ICI-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

2004 January 22 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.035UE.
  • SERSIO Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi).

2008 December 5 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • ARR ICI-2 - . Nation: Sweden. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite.

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