Encyclopedia Astronautica
Tanegashima N


J, Delta launch complex. N Launch Complex

Longitude: 130.9703 deg.
Latitude: 30.3996 deg.
First Launch: 1975.09.09.
Last Launch: 1996.02.11.
Number: 25 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • Oscar International series of amateur radio communications satellites. Operational, first launch 1961.12.12. Launched in a variety of configurations and by many nations. More...
  • ETS Japanese technology satellite. 7 launches, 1975.09.09 (Kiku 1) to 2006.12.16 (Kiku 8). More...
  • JISS Japanese earth ionosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1976.02.29 (ISS 1) to 1978.02.16 (ISS 2). JISS - national name "Ume". Spin-stabilized; Ionospheric Sounder, Radio Noise Receiver, Plasma Measuring Equipment, Ion Mass Spectrometer, and other instruments. More...
  • GMS Japanese earth weather satellite. 5 launches, 1977.07.14 (Himawari 1) to 1995.03.18 (Himawari 5). The Geostationary Meteorological Satellite series were spin-stabilized satellites. More...
  • Ayame Japanese communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 1979.02.06 (Ayame 1) and 1980.02.22 (Ayame 2). Experimental Communications Satellite (ECS). Communications and propagation experiments of satellite-communication systems. More...
  • AS 3000 American communications satellite. 25 launches, 1981.11.20 (RCA Satcom 4; RCA Satcom 3R) to 1996.01.14 (Koreasat 2). More...
  • CS-2 Japanese communications satellite. 2 launches, 1983.02.04 (Sakura 2A) to 1983.08.05 (Sakura 2B). Business communications. Launching organization NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan). More...
  • MABES Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 1986.08.12. MABES (Jindai). Experiment on the levitation of the magnetic bearing flywheel under zero-g condition. More...
  • EGS Japanese earth geodetic satellite. One launch, 1986.08.12. Experimental Geophysical Payload; new launch vehicle test flight. EGS (Ajisai). Improvement of the accuracy of domestic geodetic triangulation network. More...
  • Marine Observation Satellite Japanese earth sea satellite. 2 launches, 1987.02.19 (MOS-1) to 1990.02.07 (MOS-1b). The MOS 1A and 1B satellites, also known as Momo 1A and 1B, were Japan's first Earth resources satellites. More...
  • CS-3 Japanese communications satellite. 2 launches, 1988.02.19 (Sakura 3A) to 1988.09.16 (Sakura 3B). To continue communications services provided by the communications satellite 2 (CS-2). To meet increasing and diversifying demands for communications. More...
  • Debut Japanese communications technology satellite. One launch, 1990.02.07. Boom, umbrella test. DEBUT "Orizuru". Experiment of extending and contracting boom; experiment of expanding and contracting aerodynamic brake. Launching organization NASDA. More...
  • JERS Japanese earth land resources satellite. One launch, 1992.02.11. JERS-1 (Japanese Research Satellite-1; FUYO-1) was Japan's second Earth observation satellite. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • N-1 Delta Licensed version of Delta built in Japan using both US and Japanese components. 4 stage vehicle. More...
  • N-2 Licensed version of Delta built in Japan using both US and Japanese components. 4 stage vehicle. More...
  • H-1 Japanese license-built version of Delta launch vehicle, with Japanese-developed upper stages. More...
  • J-1 Japanese all-solid orbital launch vehicle. Original version. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Tanegashima Japan's main launch site for he larger N and H launch vehicles. In use for sounding rockets from 1967 and orbital launches from 1975. As of 2007 over 140 major launches had been made from the site. More...

Tanegashima N Chronology


1975 September 9 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-1(F).
  • Kiku 1 - . Payload: ETS 1 (JETS). Mass: 85 kg (187 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 8197 . COSPAR: 1975-082A. Apogee: 1,103 km (685 mi). Perigee: 975 km (605 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg. Period: 106.00 min. JETS-1 (Japanese Engineering Test Satellite -1, national name 'Kiku') is intended for preliminary experiments for confirmation of the launching technologies, acquiring the satellite tracking and control technologies, and for extension tests of the extenda ble antennas, measurement of satellite environment, measurement of satellite attitudes, etc. Launch time 0530 GMT.

1976 February 29 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-2(F).
  • ISS 1 - . Payload: ISS a. Mass: 139 kg (306 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: JISS. USAF Sat Cat: 8709 . COSPAR: 1976-019A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 988 km (613 mi). Inclination: 69.7000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Ionospheric sounding. Japanese Ionospheric Sounding Satellite (JISS - national name 'Ume') is intended for regular observations by means of radio waves of the global distribution of the critical frequencies of the ionosphere, and for utilization of the results of the observati on for radio wave forecasts and warning necessary for effective operation of short-wave radio-communication. Time of launch 0330UT.

1977 February 23 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-3(F).
  • Kiku 2 - . Payload: ETS 2. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. Completed Operations Date: 1990-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 9852 . COSPAR: 1977-014A. Apogee: 35,860 km (22,280 mi). Perigee: 35,854 km (22,278 mi). Inclination: 11.9000 deg. Period: 1,439.70 min. Engineering test satellite. Engineering Test Satellite Type II (ETS II), Kiku 2. Launch by N launch vehicle no 3. Geographical longitude of the geostationary orbit: 130 deg E. Preliminary experiments to acquire technologies to launch,track, and control geostationary satellites. P ropagation experiment of millimetre and quasi-millimetre waves. Characteristics: Weight at launch 245 kg. Configuration: cylindrical. Height 191 cm including antenna. Diameter 141 cm. Attitude control: spin stabilization. Expected life at least 6 months. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 130 deg E in 1977-1990 As of 5 September 2001 located at 16.93 deg E drifting at 0.930 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 85.65W drifting at 0.986W degrees per day.

1978 February 16 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-4(F).
  • ISS 2 - . Payload: ISS b. Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: JISS. USAF Sat Cat: 10674 . COSPAR: 1978-018A. Apogee: 1,216 km (755 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 69.4000 deg. Period: 107.20 min. Ionospheric sounding. Ionosphere Sounding Satellite-b . Launch time 0400 UT. Launch vehicle: N number 4. Spin-stabilized; Ionospheric Sounder, Radio Noise Receiver, Plasma Measuring Equipment, Ion Mass Spectrometer, and so on. The satellite is intended for regular observation of global distribution of critical frequencies of the ionosphere by means of radio waves. Weight about 141 kg. Shape: cylindrical, 3.9m diameter and 0.8m height. Expected life: probability of survival in 1.5 years is more than 70 percent.

1979 February 6 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-5(F). FAILURE: Third stage collided with ECS a.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Ayame 1 - . Payload: ECS a; ECS 1. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ayame. Completed Operations Date: 1979-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11261 . COSPAR: 1979-009A. Apogee: 37,278 km (23,163 mi). Perigee: 29,407 km (18,272 mi). Inclination: 5.6000 deg. Period: 1,313.10 min. Experimental Communications Satellite. Experimental Communications Satellite (ECS). Launch time 0846 GMT. ECS was injected into the planned transfer orbit. On 9 Feb, however, ECS ceased radio transmissions about 10 seconds after the apogee kick motor was fired. Communicat ions and propagation experiments of satellite-communication systems. Operation and control experiment for geostationary satellites. Mass at launch 260 kg. Configuration - cylindrical. Height 1.9m including antenna. Diameter 1.4m. Spin stabilized. Last known longitude (13 June 1995) 146.23 deg W drifting at 33.817 deg E per day.

1980 February 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-6(F).
  • Ayame 2 - . Payload: ECS b; ECS 2. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ayame. Completed Operations Date: 1980-02-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 11715 . COSPAR: 1980-018A. Apogee: 36,839 km (22,890 mi). Perigee: 32,785 km (20,371 mi). Inclination: 1.4000 deg. Period: 1,386.60 min. Summary: Last known longitude (17 November 1988) 146.47 deg W drifting at 12.888 deg E per day..

1981 February 11 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-7(F).
  • Kiku 3 - . Payload: ETS 4. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 12295 . COSPAR: 1981-012A. Apogee: 16,237 km (10,089 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 294.10 min. Kiku 3 (ETS-IV). Launching organization NASDA. Acquisition of the technology to handle a large-scale heavy satellite and test of the functions of on-board equipment and devices, as well as confirmation of the launching capacity of the N-II launch vehicle. Also tested ion thruster.

1981 August 10 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-8(F).
  • Himawari 2 - . Payload: GMS 2. Mass: 670 kg (1,470 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GMS. Completed Operations Date: 1988-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12677 . COSPAR: 1981-076A. Apogee: 36,034 km (22,390 mi). Perigee: 35,943 km (22,333 mi). Inclination: 12.9000 deg. Period: 1,446.40 min. Geostationary meteorological satellite. N launch vehicle flight number 8 (N-II launch vehicle). Launch time 2003 UT. Launching organization: National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA). Geostationary longitude 140 deg E. Function: 1) Observation of meteorological phenomena by the visible and infra-red spin scan radiometer. 2) Collection of weather data from various stations. 3) Distribution of weather data to earth stations. 4) Monitoring of solar particles. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 160 deg E in 1981; 140 deg E in 1981-1984; 145 deg E in 1984-1985; 120 deg E in 1985-1988 As of 31 August 2001 located at 33.93 deg E drifting at 2.598 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 153.66W drifting at 2.594W degrees per day.

1982 September 3 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-9(F).
  • Kiku 4 - . Payload: ETS 3. Mass: 385 kg (848 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 13492 . COSPAR: 1982-087A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 988 km (613 mi). Inclination: 44.6000 deg. Period: 105.10 min. Engineering test satellite. Engineering Test Satellite III (ETS-III) launched 0500 GMT 3 Sep 1982 from Osaki launch site, Tanegashima. Launching organization: National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA). Verification of three axis attitude control function; verification of so lar array paddle deployment function; verification of active thermal control function; functional test of mission equipment in the space. N launch vehicle flight no 9.

1983 February 4 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-10(F).
  • Sakura 2A - . Payload: CS-2A. Mass: 772 kg (1,701 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Program: CS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CS-2. Completed Operations Date: 1990-12-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 13782 . COSPAR: 1983-006A. Apogee: 36,070 km (22,410 mi). Perigee: 35,994 km (22,365 mi). Inclination: 10.6000 deg. Period: 1,448.70 min. Business communications. Launch time 0837 GMT. Launching organization NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan). N launch vehicle No. 10(F) (N-II launch vehicle). Osaki launch site, NASDA Tanegashima Space Center, Kagoshima, Japan. Geostationary position 132 deg E. Estab lishment of domestic satellite telecommunications network mainly for natural disaster, emergency and for remote islands using submillimetre wavelength and microwavelength signals. Development of the technology of communications satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 132 deg E in 1983-1988; 128 deg E in 1988-1990 As of 30 August 2001 located at 140.81 deg E drifting at 3.111 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 31.02W drifting at 3.113W degrees per day.

1983 August 5 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-11(F).
  • Sakura 2B - . Payload: CS-2B. Mass: 670 kg (1,470 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Program: CS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CS-2. Completed Operations Date: 1990-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 14248 . COSPAR: 1983-081A. Apogee: 36,210 km (22,490 mi). Perigee: 36,191 km (22,488 mi). Inclination: 5.1000 deg. Period: 1,457.30 min. CS-2b (Sakura 2b). Launch time 2029 GMT. Launching organization NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan). N launch vehicle flight no. 11 (N-II launch vehicle). Domestic satellite communications; development of communications satellite technolog y. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 136 deg E in 1983-1989; 128 deg E in 1989-1990 As of 4 September 2001 located at 154.41 deg E drifting at 5.251 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 13.72E drifting at 5.257W degrees per day.

1984 January 23 - . 07:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-12(F).
  • Yuri 2A - . Payload: BS-2a. Mass: 670 kg (1,470 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1989-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 14659 . COSPAR: 1984-005A. Apogee: 36,191 km (22,488 mi). Perigee: 36,072 km (22,414 mi). Inclination: 4.9000 deg. Period: 1,453.80 min. TV. BS-2a (Yuri-2a). Domestic satellite broadcasting; development of broadcasting satellite technology. Launch 0758 GMT. N launch vehicle flight no 12. Launching organization NASDA. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 1984-1985; 108 deg E in 1985-1987; 110 deg E in 1987-1988 As of 28 August 2001 located at 69.57 deg E drifting at 4.403 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 153.52W drifting at 4.395W degrees per day.

1984 August 2 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-13(F).
  • Himawari 3 - . Payload: GMS 3. Mass: 303 kg (668 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GMS. Completed Operations Date: 1995-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 15152 . COSPAR: 1984-080A. Apogee: 35,942 km (22,333 mi). Perigee: 35,877 km (22,292 mi). Inclination: 9.8000 deg. Period: 1,442.40 min. Stationed at 140 deg E; also studied alpha particles, electrons. GMS-3 (Himawari-3). Launch 2030 GMT. Improvement of meteorological observation. Development of meteorological satellite technology. N Launch vehicle flight no 13. Launching organization NASDA. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 140 deg E in 1984-1989; 120 deg E in 1989-1995 As of 28 August 2001 located at 146.92 deg E drifting at 1.558 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 168.90W drifting at 1.566W degrees per day.

1986 February 12 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-14(F).
  • Yuri 2B - . Payload: BS-2b. Mass: 677 kg (1,492 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1991-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 16597 . COSPAR: 1986-016A. Apogee: 36,135 km (22,453 mi). Perigee: 35,996 km (22,366 mi). Inclination: 2.7000 deg. Period: 1,450.40 min. Stationed at 117 deg E. BS-2b (Yuri-2b). Domestic satellite broadcasting; development of broadcasting satellite technology. Launching organization NASDA. N launch vehicle flight no 14. Launch time 0755 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 1986-1991 As of 5 September 2001 located at 13.60 deg W drifting at 3.524 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 77.04E drifting at 3.551W degrees per day.

1986 August 12 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-15(F).
  • EGS - . Payload: EGP. Mass: 685 kg (1,510 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: EGS. USAF Sat Cat: 16908 . COSPAR: 1986-061A. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 50.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min. Experimental Geophysical Payload; new launch vehicle test flight. EGS (Ajisai). Improvement of the accuracy of domestic geodetic triangulation network. Determination of accurate location of remote islands. Clarification of the relationship between Japanese geodetic system network and those of other areas of the world. L aunch vehicle H-I (two-stage) test flight no. 1. Launch time 2045 GMT. Launching organization NASDA.
  • Oscar 12 - . Payload: JAS-1. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JARL. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 16909 . COSPAR: 1986-061B. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 50.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min. Japanese Amateur Satellite. JAS-1 (Fuji). Amateur satellite communications. Development of amateur satellite technology. Launch vehicle H-I (two-stage) test flight no. 1. Launch time 2045 GMT. Launching organization NASDA. Fuji-OSCAR 12 was launched piggyback with a Japanese experimental geodetic satellite Ajisai (EGS). Weight 50 kg. 26-sided polyhedron, 40 x 40 x 47 cm. FO-12 was the first Japanese amateur satellite developed by the Japan Amateur Radio League (English version) with system design and integration performed at NEC. FO-12 was taken out of service November 5, 1989 because of battery failure.
  • MABES - . Payload: Jindai/LE-5. Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MABES. USAF Sat Cat: 16910 . COSPAR: 1986-061C. Apogee: 1,604 km (996 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 50.0000 deg. Period: 117.00 min. Summary: MABES (Jindai). Experiment on the levitation of the magnetic bearing flywheel under zero-g condition. .

1987 February 19 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-16(F).
  • MOS-1 - . Payload: Momo 1. Mass: 745 kg (1,642 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft: Marine Observation Satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 17527 . COSPAR: 1987-018A. Apogee: 909 km (564 mi). Perigee: 907 km (563 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Summary: Ocean remote sensing. MOS-1 (Momo-1). Observation of marine phenomena such as sea color and temperature. Establishment of common technology necessary for Earth observation satellites. Launching organization NASDA. Launch time 0123 GMT..

1987 August 27 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-17(F).
  • Kiku 5 - . Payload: ETS 5. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. Completed Operations Date: 1997-09-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 18316 . COSPAR: 1987-070A. Apogee: 36,072 km (22,414 mi). Perigee: 36,029 km (22,387 mi). Inclination: 7.9000 deg. Period: 1,449.60 min. Stationed at 150 deg E. ETS-V (Kiku-5). Establishment of basic technology for bus systems needed for 3-axis stabilized geostationary satellites. Accumulation of key technologies required for high performance in the next generation of applications satellites; Experiment of mobile satellite communications for the control of aircrafts over the Pacific Ocean, and for the communication, navigational aid, search and rescue of ships. H-I (3-stage) launch vehicle. Launching organization NASDA. Launch time 0920 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 150 deg E in 1987-1997 As of 5 September 2001 located at 92.55 deg W drifting at 3.394 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 49.74W drifting at 3.380W degrees per day.

1988 February 19 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-18(F).
  • Sakura 3A - . Payload: CS-3A. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Japan. Program: CS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CS-3. Completed Operations Date: 1996-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 18877 . COSPAR: 1988-012A. Apogee: 36,415 km (22,627 mi). Perigee: 36,376 km (22,602 mi). Inclination: 4.9000 deg. Period: 1,467.30 min. Stationed at 132 deg E. CS-3A (Sakura 3-A). To continue communications services provided by the communications satellite 2 (CS-2). To meet increasing and diversifying demands for communications. To develop technologies for communications satellites. Launch vehicle H18F. Launchin g organization NASDA. Launch time 1005 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 132 deg E in 1988-1996 As of 2 September 2001 located at 85.60 deg E drifting at 7.699 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 71.73E drifting at 7.700W degrees per day.

1988 September 16 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-19(F).
  • Sakura 3B - . Payload: CS-3B. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Japan. Program: CS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CS-3. Completed Operations Date: 1997-11-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 19508 . COSPAR: 1988-086A. Apogee: 36,093 km (22,427 mi). Perigee: 36,071 km (22,413 mi). Inclination: 4.0000 deg. Period: 1,451.20 min. Telephone communications; 136 deg E. CS-3B (Sakura 3-B). To continue communications services provided by the communications satellite 2 (CS-2). To meet increasing and diversifying demands for communications; to develop technologies for communications satellites. Launch vehicle H-I (H19F). La unching organization NASDA. Launch time 0959 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 149 deg E in 1988; 136 deg E in 1988-1997; 154 deg E in 1997 As of 28 August 2001 located at 128.96 deg W drifting at 3.783 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 177.82E drifting at 3.765W degrees per day.

1989 September 5 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1-6R H-20(F).
  • Himawari 4 - . Payload: GMS 4. Mass: 725 kg (1,598 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GMS. Completed Operations Date: 2000-02-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 20217 . COSPAR: 1989-070A. Apogee: 36,807 km (22,870 mi). Perigee: 36,410 km (22,620 mi). Inclination: 6.2000 deg. Period: 1,478.30 min. Stationed at 140 deg E. GMS-4 (Himawari-4). Improvement of meteorological observation. Development of meteorological satellite technology. Launch vehicle H-I (H20F). Launching organization NASDA. Launch time 1911 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 160 deg E in 1989; 140 deg E in 1989-1995; 120 deg E in 1995-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 126.83 deg E drifting at 10.301 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 71.28W drifting at 10.305W degrees per day.

1990 February 7 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-21(F).
  • MOS-1b - . Payload: Momo 1B. Mass: 740 kg (1,630 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft: Marine Observation Satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 20478 . COSPAR: 1990-013A. Apogee: 909 km (564 mi). Perigee: 908 km (564 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Summary: Marine observation. Continuation of Earth observation functions of MOS-1; establishment of common technology necessary for Earth-observation satellites. Launching organization NASDA. Name MOS-1b 'Momo-1b'. Launch time 0133 UT..
  • Oscar 20 - . Payload: JAS 1b. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JARL. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 20480 . COSPAR: 1990-013C. Apogee: 1,745 km (1,084 mi). Perigee: 912 km (566 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 112.20 min. Summary: JAS-1b 'Fuji-2'. Continuation of amateurradio services of JAS-1; extension of amateur radio communications area; advancement of amateur radio technology. Launching organization NASDA. Launch time 0133 UT..
  • Debut - . Payload: Orizuru. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Debut. USAF Sat Cat: 20479 . COSPAR: 1990-013B. Apogee: 1,743 km (1,083 mi). Perigee: 911 km (566 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 112.20 min. Summary: Boom, umbrella test. DEBUT 'Orizuru'. Experiment of extending and contracting boom; experiment of expanding and contracting aerodynamic brake. Launching organization NASDA. Launch time 0133 UT..

1990 August 28 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-22(F).
  • Yuri 3A - . Payload: BS-3a. Mass: 1,115 kg (2,458 lb). Nation: Japan. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1998-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 20771 . COSPAR: 1990-077A. Apogee: 36,245 km (22,521 mi). Perigee: 36,157 km (22,466 mi). Inclination: 3.5000 deg. Period: 1,457.30 min. Japanese DBS; 110 deg E. Continuation of broadcasting services by BS-2; accommodations to increasing and diversifying demands for broadcasting; establishment of common technology necessary for broadcasting satellite. Launching organization NASDA. Launch time 0905 GMT. BS-3a 'Yuri -3a'. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 1990-1998 As of 2 September 2001 located at 84.62 deg E drifting at 5.278 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 83.70W drifting at 5.275W degrees per day.

1991 August 25 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-23(F).
  • Yuri 3B - . Payload: BS-3b. Mass: 1,115 kg (2,458 lb). Nation: Japan. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1999-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 21668 . COSPAR: 1991-060A. Apogee: 36,244 km (22,520 mi). Perigee: 36,171 km (22,475 mi). Inclination: 3.2000 deg. Period: 1,457.70 min. Summary: TV; 110 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 1991-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 91.59 deg E drifting at 5.350 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 152.69E drifting at 5.334W degrees per day..

1992 February 11 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-24(F).
  • JERS-1 - . Payload: ERS-1. Mass: 1,340 kg (2,950 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: JERS. Completed Operations Date: 1998-10-12 . Decay Date: 2001-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 21867 . COSPAR: 1992-007A. Apogee: 568 km (352 mi). Perigee: 567 km (352 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Japanese Research Satellite-1. JERS-1 (FUYO-1). To verify functions and performance of optical sensors and a Synthetic Aperture Radar and to establish an integrated system for observing the Earth's resources; to perform observations and measurements for land survey, agriculture, forest ry, fishery, environmental preservation, disaster prevention and coastal surveillance. Launch time 0150 GMT. Launching organization NASDA. The Japanese Fuyo-1 (ERS-1) satellite failed on Oct 12, 1998 after six years of operation.

1996 February 11 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: J. Launch Vehicle: J-1. LV Configuration: J-1 J-1-1F.
  • Hyflex Spacecraft test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

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