Encyclopedia Astronautica
Wallops Island LA0B


Minotaur, ALV launch complex. Launch Area 0B, Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport

Longitude: -75.4913 deg.
Latitude: 37.8312 deg.
First Launch: 2006.12.16.
Last Launch: 2007.04.24.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • SA-200 The Spectrum Astro SA-200 satellite bus provided a flexible platform for satellites launched by the Pegasus booster. 4 launches, 2000.07.19 (Mightysat 2.1) to 2009.05.05. More...
  • Genesat American biology satellite. One launch, 2006.12.16. Genesat was a NASA Ames nanosatellite launched as a secondary payload. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Minotaur 1 American all-solid orbital launch vehicle. Orbital launch vehicle consisting of a surplus Minuteman M55A1 first stage, Minuteman SR19 second stage, and new Orion 50XL third stage, Orion 38 fourth stage, and optional HAPS fifth stage for velocity trim and multiple payload deployment. Payload 580 kg to an 185 km, 28.5 degree orbit from Cape Canaveral; 310 kg to a 740 km sun-synchronous orbit from Vandenberg. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...

Wallops Island LA0B Chronology


2006 December 16 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1. LV Configuration: Minotaur 1 6.
  • Tacsat-2 - . Mass: 370 kg (810 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: AFRL. Manufacturer: MicroSats. Program: Tacsat. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Tacsat ORS. Decay Date: 2011-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 29653 . COSPAR: 2006-058A. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi). Perigee: 410 km (250 mi). Inclination: 40.0100 deg. Period: 92.93 min. Tacsat-2 was a prototype rapid development/rapid deployment tactical military satellite that provided American Joint Task Force commanders direct control of a satellite providing both SIGINT and imagery with a resolution of better than 1-m. The known communications payload used an 8 GHz (X-band) downlink. This was the first orbital launch from Wallops Island since 1985. TacSat-2 was to have been launched by a Falcon-1 from Vandenberg into a sun-synchronous orbit. However, the failure of Falcon-1 on its long-delayed maiden in March 2006 caused AFRL to award a new launch contract for TacSat-2 and TacSat-3 to OSC in May 2006. The launch was achieved using OSC's Minotaur launch vehicle only seven months after contract award.
  • GeneSat-1 - . Mass: 7.00 kg (15.40 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: NASA Ames. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 29654 . COSPAR: 2006-058B. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi). Perigee: 410 km (250 mi). Inclination: 40.0100 deg. Period: 92.93 min. Nanosatellite launched as a secondary payload. A collaboration of NASA, industry, and local universities resulted in this fully-automated, miniaturized spaceflight system that provided life support, nutrient delivery, and performed assays to monitor genetic changes of E. coli bacteria in space conditions.

2007 April 24 - . 06:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1. LV Configuration: Minotaur 1 7.
  • NFIRE - . Payload: SA-200B. Mass: 494 kg (1,089 lb). Nation: USA. Manufacturer: Gilbert. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SA-200. USAF Sat Cat: 31140 . COSPAR: 2007-014A. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi). Perigee: 489 km (303 mi). Inclination: 48.2000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Near Field Infrared Experiment conducted by the US Missile Defense Agency. Its Track Sensor Payload included visible and short, medium and long wave infrared sensors to observe missiles launched from the ground, and obtain basic data to distinguish between the missile and its hot rocket exhaust plume for application to anti-ballistic missile systems. Secondary payloads included Tesat, a German laser communications terminal, and its hydrazine propulsion system. This was used to maneuver the satellite from its initial 255 km x 465 km x 48.2 deg orbit to 489 km x 497 km by 18 May. The orbit was changed to 243 km x 487 km on 9 August and by 23 August was 219 km x 450 km. The satellite had a dry mass of 380 kg dry, was 2.7 m long and 1.3 m in diameter.

    The first major sensor test occurred when Minotaur II rocket TLV-7, was fired at 08:30 GMT on 23 August from Vandenberg in NFIRE Mission 2a. The Minotaur II was aimed to pass within 4 and 20 km of the NFIRE satellite while its third stage motor burning, to allow NFIRE to get a close look at the rocket and its exhaust. The Missile Defense Agency reported that the experiment was successful.


2008 August 22 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: ALV. Launch Vehicle: ALV. FAILURE: Went off course and destroyed by range safety 27 seconds after launch..
  • HyBolt/SOAREX-VI - . Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Apogee: 3.50 km (2.10 mi). Summary: Carried HyBOLT and SOAREX-VI hypersonic research experiments..

2009 May 18 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1.
  • Aerocube 3 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 35005 . COSPAR: 2009-028E. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 427 km (265 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: 10-cm cubesat for Aerospace Corporation..
  • Tacsat 3 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Tacsat. Spacecraft: Tacsat ORS. USAF Sat Cat: 35001 . COSPAR: 2009-028A. Apogee: 465 km (288 mi). Perigee: 433 km (269 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.60 min. Summary: USAF experimental imaging satellite..
  • Pharmasat - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 35002 . COSPAR: 2009-028B. Apogee: 465 km (288 mi). Perigee: 429 km (266 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: NASA satellite..
  • Hawksat 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-10-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 35003 . COSPAR: 2009-028C. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 428 km (265 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: 10-cm cubesat for Hawk Institute for Space Sciences..
  • CP6 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-09-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 35004 . COSPAR: 2009-028D. Apogee: 463 km (287 mi). Perigee: 427 km (265 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: 10-cm cubesat for California Polytechnic..

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