Encyclopedia Astronautica
White Sea Launch Area


Submarine-launched ballistic missile area known to have been used for 27 launches from 1955 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude.

Longitude: 38.0000 deg.
Latitude: 65.5000 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • R-11 First Russian ballistic missile using storable propellants, developed from the German Wasserfall SAM by Korolev's OKB. The design was then spun off to the Makeyev OKB for development of Army (R-17 Scud) and SLBM (R-11FMA) derivatives. More...
  • R-29 First intercontinental submarine-launched ballistic missile (range 7800 km). First flight 1969. Development completed 1973. The variants of this missile were given three different DoD designations over the years (SS-N-8, SS-N-18, and SS-N-23). More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-11FM First Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Following protracted testing the design was accepted by the military in 1959 but never put into operational service. More...
  • Vysota Russian intercontinental ballistic suborbital launch vehicle. Two stage vehicle based on R-29D SLBM. Suborbital; 30-55 min zero G. Payload volume 0.7 cu. m. Payload 115 kg to 5200 km or 1150 kg to 200 km. Liftoff mass 33 tonnes. More...
  • R-31 Russian submarine launched ballistic missile. First Soviet submarine-launched ballistic missile to reach production using solid propellants. Deployed from 1980, but withdrawn in 1990 under the terms of the SALT-2 Treaty. More...
  • Volna SLV Russian launch vehicle based on surplus R-29RL submarine launched ballistic missiles. Suborbital and orbital versions. Payload volume 1.3 cu. M. Payload 115 kg to 3000 km or 1250 kg to 200 km altitude suborbital trajectories, or 120 (260 lb) kg to a 200 km orbit. Liftoff mass 34 tonnes. More...
  • Rif Russian orbital launch vehicle. R-39 SLBM adapted for use as suborbital test vehicle or orbital launch vehicle. More...
  • Bulava Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Solid-propellant Soviet intercontinental-range ballistic missile, equipped with multiple independently targeted warheads. More...

White Sea Launch Area Chronology


1955 September 12 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: B-67. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: The third test series was conducted from the Project 611 submarine B-67 through 13 October 1955 in the White Sea. This demonstrated launches from a pitching surfaced vessel and a total range of 150 km..

1961 October 19 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: R-13. LV Configuration: R-13 Nuclear Test Demo.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 15 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 Jan - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Vysota. LV Configuration: Vysota R-29.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 Mar - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Vysota. LV Configuration: Vysota R-29.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 Apr - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Vysota. LV Configuration: Vysota R-29.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 May - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Vysota. LV Configuration: Vysota R-29.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1972 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 25 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 28 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 28 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1974 Oct - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Oct - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV. LV Configuration: Volna VMF.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1976 December 22 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: K-140. Launch Vehicle: R-31.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1980 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV. LV Configuration: Volna VMF.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1982 June 29 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 30 79/82.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 July 21 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 27 -.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 July 22 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 31 83/84.
  • Mil variant - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 August 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 24 82/88.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 August 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 33 54P/85.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 22 61A/86.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 29 86/87.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 19 72/75.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 October 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1982 October 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1982 October 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Silo Test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 October 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1982 December 2 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 34 84/Akv.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 35 63/.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 36.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Rif. LV Configuration: Rif 37.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2003 December 11 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • RSM-52M / R-39UTTKh / Grom test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

2005 September 27 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava SLBM first flight. - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: SLBM Development - first flight of new SLBM. Launched from TK-208 Dmitry Donskoy in the White Sea Launch Area..

2005 December 21 - . 05:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava SLBM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: First submerged launch of the Bulava SLBM. Hit the designated impact area at Kura in the Kamchatka Peninsula..

2006 September 7 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. Launch Vehicle: Bulava. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Bulava SLBM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2006 October 25 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. Launch Vehicle: Bulava. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Bulava SLBM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2006 December 24 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. Launch Vehicle: Bulava. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2007 June 28 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava SLBM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: The warhead impacted on target in the Kamchatka Peninsula. This was the first successful launch after two consecutive failures..

2007 November 10 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava. FAILURE: Failure.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2008 September 18 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava. LV Configuration: Bulava R-30 08.
  • Kura - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2009 July 15 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava. LV Configuration: Bulava R-30 11 3M30.
  • St 1 fail (Kura) - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2009 December 9 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Summary: Failed Bulava launch. Third stage went into a wild spiral maneuver, creating a tremendous celestial spectacle visible all over Scandinavia..

2010 October 7 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • RV x 3 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: R&D test..

2010 October 29 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • RV x 3 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: R&D test..

2011 June 28 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-535. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • RV x 6 - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Operational test; from the White Sea to the Kura test range in Kamchatka. This was the first launch from the new 955-class submarine K-535 Yuri Dolgorukiy..

2011 August 27 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-535. LV Family: Bulava. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • RV x 6 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Test mission. Launched from the White Sea to an impact point in the Pacific Ocean..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use