Encyclopedia Astronautica
White Sands LC33


Wac, Viking, V-2, Nike, Javelin, Hermes, Corporal, Atlas, Apache launch complex. LC 33 was the United States' first major rocket launch facility. The original Army Launch Area 1 complex consisted of a blockhouse, several concrete launching pads for captured German V-2 rockets, a 30-m tall launch tower for Aerobee rockets, a gantry and blast pit.

The blockhouse was designed by Dr. Del Sasso, leading a group of CalTech engineers, with input from White Sands' first commander, Lieutenant Colonel Harold Turner. Construction began on 10 July 1945 and was completed three months later at a cost of $36,000. The reinforced concrete structure had walls 3 m thick, a roof 8 m thick, and was considered capable of withstanding a vertical impact of a V-2 travelling at 2000 mph. The blockhouse consisted of a 937-square foot firing control room housing firing controls, monitoring and communications equipment, and test personnel. It had three viewing ports made of blast proof safety glass, a blast proof door, and a roof wash-down system designed to decontaminate the building in the event of a rocket explosion. The room was mechanically air conditioned and electrically heated. A multiplicity of three-inch diameter conduits provided wiring access to the north and east launch pads.

A 1158-square foot communications room was added on in 1947 and stood to the rear of the firing control room, with two-foot thick walls and a three-foot thick ceiling, which served as the focus of all range communications and data transmission facilities.

Another addition to the blockhouse in 1947 was a small room attached to the west wall of the firing control room. This room housed a four-stage, 3,000 P.S.I. air compressor and six storage tanks for supplying compressed air to the launch pads. From the pads the compressed air was piped directly into waiting rockets during the prelaunch fueling process.

While the blockhouse was being built, a 100-foot tall launch tower for the WAC Corporal rocket was erected north of the blockhouse and directly east of what was to be the first launch pad for the V-2 in 1946. A Tiny Tim booster developed for the WAC Corporal was the first rocket to be fired out of the completed tower in addition to being the first rocket fired from the launch complex on Sept. 26, 1945 at 10 a.m. After completion of the WAC Corporal program the tower was dismantled leaving only three foot pads where it once stood.

In December 1945 the Army completed plans for a test facility and a gantry crane that could be used to directly service rockets up to 54 feet high. Actual construction of the gantry began in August 1946 and was completed in November at a cost of $38,000.

The gantry crane consisted of two open steel towers, each 60 feet tall and tied together at the top by an open steel truss. The dimensions of the gantry are 63 feet tall and 28 feet wide. Three pairs of adjustable work platforms between the towers could be swung down to encircle a rocket, and, for rockets higher than 54 feet, two outrigger platforms could provide access to one of the rocket's sides. The platforms were reached by stairs and ladders, and the top truss had a 15-ton chain hoist for servicing the work platforms. Two one-ton outboard service hoists provided additional lifting capability.

The gantry crane was equipped with fire fighting, communications, low pressure air, electrical service, and propellant handling equipment. It rested on four pairs of 400-pound rail wheels, each connected to electric drive motors that moved the structure at slow pace up and down the crane's 500- foot track.

During the preparation of a Corporal missile launch, a wheel broke in half when the gantry was being moved down the track. It took all night and two 15-ton jacks to lift one corner to replace the broken wheel.

Construction of the blast pit, formally called the 20,000-pound motor test and launch facility, began early in 1946 with the excavation of a 35-foot deep pit. The pit's walls were lined with reinforced concrete two feet thick, and its rear wall covered by two foot wide overlapping steel plates. The platform over the pit, from which rockets were tested or launched, had an opening 7 feet square. Exhaust gases passed into the pit and were there redirected up and out across the desert. A sprinkler helped quench the rocket blast by spraying water into the pit. There is no record of the facility being used to test or launch a V-2, but it was used for other rocket programs of that period.

Other facilities at the launch complex included two sets of gantry crane tracks - one north of the blockhouse which began just east of the 1946 V-2 launch platform going northeast into the desert. The second set joined the first and then went due south ending at the blast pit. In 1947 the first set of tracks located adjacent to the 1946 V-2 platform was moved and attached to the set of tracks at the blast pit continuing to go south ending east of the blockhouse at the 1947 V-2 platform.

An observation tower was built south of the blockhouse in 1945 but was removed in 1947. Foundations for a second tower were put in place west of the first V-2 platform. However, the tower was never built. A short stretch of railroad track running parallel of the blockhouse going north was installed in 1945 but removed in 1947. A launch site for the Hermes missile program was located directly east of the second V-2 platform.

The first test flight of a V-2 from LC-33 took place on April 16, 1946 at the first V-2 platform. Other rockets and missiles which have used the complex as a launching point have been the Corporal E, Corporal, Nike Ajax, Hermes, Lance, Honest John, Multiple Launch Rocket System and the Army Tactical Missile System. Viking rockets were launched from a position designated ALA1 at the same site.

The site is still used by the range's Materiel Test Directorate in support of weapons testing. Currently both the Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) and the Army Tactical Missile System (Army TACMS) use the launch complex. In addition the Dynamics Laboratory has shaker tables located on the west side of the complex.

In October 1985 the National Park Service notified the Department of the Army that Launch Complex 33 (LC-33), located 6 1/2 miles east of post headquarters, at White Sands Missile Range was now a National Historical Land mark. Two years earlier on Feb. 16, 1983 the complex was named a State of New Mexico historical monument.

Longitude: -106.4430 deg.
Latitude: 32.3396 deg.
First Launch: 1945.09.27.
Last Launch: 1968.10.17.
Number: 195 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • V-2 The V-2 ballistic missile (known to its designers as the A4) was the world's first operational liquid fuel rocket. It represented an enormous quantum leap in technology, financed by Nazi Germany in a huge development program that cost at least $ 2 billion in 1944 dollars. 6,084 V-2 missiles were built, 95% of them by 20,000 slave labourer in the last seven months of World War II at a unit price of $ 17,877. As many as 3,225 were launched in combat, primarily against Antwerp and London, and a further 1,000 to 1,750 were fired in tests and training. Despite the scale of this effort, the inaccurate missile did not change the course of the war and proved to be an enormous waste of resources. The British, Americans, and Russians launched a further 86 captured German V-2's in 1945-1952. Personnel and technology from the V-2 program formed the starting point for post-war rocketry development in America, Russia, and France. More...
  • Wac Development of the JPL-Ordnance WAC began in 1944. In 1946 it became the first American rocket to exceed 80 km altitude (above the earth's atmosphere as defined by publicity of the time). It was capable of taking 11 kg to 30 km altitude and was powered by a liquid propellant engine originally developed for JATO applications. More...
  • Nike American sounding rocket. Single stage vehicles consisting first of just the Nike booster were initially fired in the course of development of the Nike-Ajax surface-to-air missile. Later it was used occasionally as a sounding rocket, but much more often as the boost stage of a multi-stage sounding rocket. More...
  • Corporal E American short range ballistic missile. Experimental version of Corporal Missile More...
  • Hermes B-1 American tactical ballistic missile. Test vehicle for Hermes II Mach 3 ramjet cruise missile. The modified V-2 merely acted as a booster for the 'Ram' second stage. More...
  • Bumper-WAC German short range ballistic test vehicle. Pioneering US demonstration of a two stage launch vehicle, coupling a V-2 with a WAC Corporal. The first ballistic missile fired from Cape Canaveral. More...
  • MX-774 American test vehicle. Project MX-774 inaugurated by AAF with Consolidated-Vultee to study rocket capabilities with an ICBM as a final objective. Limited funds permitted a few test launches. These rockets demonstrated technologies that woud later be applied to the Atlas. More...
  • Viking American sounding rocket. The Viking sounding rocket, originally code-named Neptune, was conceived in 1945 by the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) as having the same altitude capability as the V-2 but only one third the mass. Martin was given the contract to develop the rocket, and Reaction Motors the engine. The advanced design featured a gimbaled pump-fed engine, a fuel tank integral with the fuselage. All rockets would be static-tested and certified before launch. The first launch was on 3 May 1949. Viking was abandoned in 1954 as too expensive, but Martin's experience on the design led to the first stage of the Vanguard orbital launch vehicle and the Titan ICBM. More...
  • Hermes A-1 The Army Hermes A-1 single stage test rocket was an American version of the German Wasserfall anti-aircraft rocket. More...
  • Nike Apache American sounding rocket. The most popular sounding rocket introduced during the early 1960's was this two-stage, solid-propellant vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Apache upper stage. More...
  • Nike Javelin American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Javelin More...
  • Nike Hydac American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Hydac More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...

White Sands LC33 Chronology


1945 September 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC. LV Configuration: WAC 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Launcher/booster stage test. No upper stage..

1945 September 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC. LV Configuration: WAC 2.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). Summary: Launcher/booster stage test. No upper stage..

1945 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC. LV Configuration: WAC 3.
  • 1 / 4 Charge test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). Summary: Launcher/booster stage test. No upper stage..

1945 October 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC. LV Configuration: WAC 4.
  • 1 / 4 Charge test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). Summary: Launcher/booster stage test. No upper stage..

1945 October 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC A. LV Configuration: WAC A 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Summary: First 'all-up' Wac Corporal launch. Recovery system failed..

1945 October 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC A. LV Configuration: WAC A 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Summary: The parachute failed, but the nose cone also came off. This set the rocket on a tumbling re-entry, providing sufficient braking that it hit the ground pretty well intact..

1945 October 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC A. LV Configuration: WAC A 7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1945 October 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC A. LV Configuration: WAC A 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Summary: The nose ejected just after the rocket cleared the tower..

1945 October 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC A. LV Configuration: WAC A 9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Night launch, the nose failed to eject. Last development flight..

1945 October 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC A. LV Configuration: WAC A 10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Emergency launch when the parachute igniter fired..

1946 March 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 number 1.
  • V-2 static fired - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: First American-assembled V-2 static fired at White Sands Proving Ground..

1946 April 16 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). Summary: First flight test of American-assembled V-2 rocket launched by the Army at White Sands Proving Ground. Launched 14:47 local time. Reached 5.5 km. Carried cosmic radiation (Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University) experiments for General Electric..

1946 May 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC A. LV Configuration: WAC A 12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1946 May 10 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 3.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi). Summary: Launched 14:15 local time. Reached 112.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation (Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University) experiments for General Electric..

1946 May 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC. LV Configuration: WAC A.
  • Ordnance WAC Flight 2 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: First American rocket to escape earth's atmosphere, the JPL-Ordnance Wac, reached 80 km altitude after launch from WSPG. First fully successful production WAC flight..

1946 May 29 - . 21:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 4.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi). Summary: Launched 14:10 local time. Reached 112.4 km. Carried cosmic radiation (Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University) experiments for General Electric..

1946 June 13 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 5.
  • UVS / Ionosphere properties Solar ultraviolet / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Summary: Launched 16:40 local time. Reached 117.7 km. Carried solar radiation, ionosphere (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric..

1946 June 28 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 6.
  • UVS / Ionosphere properties Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi). Summary: Launched 12:03 local time. Reached 108.1 km. Carried cosmic radiation, solar radiation, pressure, and temperature experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1946 July 9 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 7.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi). Summary: Launched 12:30 local time. Reached 134.7 km. Carried cosmic radiation, ionosphere (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric..

1946 July 19 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Summary: Launched 12:11 local time. Reached 4.8 km. Carried ionosphere (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric..

1946 July 30 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 9.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Summary: Launched 12:40 local time. Reached 161.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation, ionosphere (Naval Research Lab); and biological (Harvard) experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1946 August 15 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; Princeton. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Summary: Launched 11:00 local time. Reached 6.5 km. Carried cosmic radiation experiments for Palmer Physics Lab, Princeton University..

1946 August 22 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 11. FAILURE: Launch failure..
  • UM Aeronomy Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Launched 10:15 local time. Launch failure. Carried pressure, density, ionosphere, sky brightness experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1946 September 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike A.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 September 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike B.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike C.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 October 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 October 10 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 12.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi). Summary: Launched 11:02 local time. Reached 174.2 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, biological experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1946 October 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 2R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 October 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 3R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 October 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 4R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 October 24 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 13.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Launched 12:18 local time. Reached 104.8 km. Carried cosmic and soalr radiaiton, winds, photography experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University. The John Hopkins camera took motion pictures of the earth at over 100 km altitude (pictures covered 100,000 square km.)

1946 November 7 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; Princeton. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Launched 13:31 local time. Reached 100.3 km. Carried cosmic radiation experiments for Palmer Physics Lab, Princeton University..

1946 November 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 5R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 6R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1946 November 21 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 15.
  • UM Aeronomy Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched 10:00 local time. Reached 101.6 km. Carried pressure, temperature, ionosphere, sky brightness experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1946 December 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 21. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Booster test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1946 December 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 22.
  • Modified WAC A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1946 December 5 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 16.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Summary: Launched 13:08 local time. Reached 153.2 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1946 December 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 23.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1946 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 25.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

1946 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 24.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1946 December 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 26.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1946 December 18 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17.
  • CR / Grenades Chemical release / meteor test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi). Summary: Launched 22:18 local time. Reached 183.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation, meteorites; biological (National Institute of Health) experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1947 January 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 7R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 January 10 - . 21:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18.
  • Chemical release missio - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi). Summary: Launched 14:13 local time. Reached 116.5 km. Carried cosmic radiation experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1947 January 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 8R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 January 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 9R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 January 24 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 19.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: Launched 17:22 local time. Reached 50 km. Carried no upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for General Electric..

1947 February 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 27B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Booster test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1947 February 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 28B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1947 February 20 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 20.
  • Blossom I Ionosphere/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi). Launched 11:16 local time. Reached 109.7 km. Carried pressure, ionosphere, sky brightness, biological, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command. First of a series of V-2 firings known as Blossom Project, tested ejection of canister and its recovery by parachute, containing fruit flies and various types of seeds exposed to cosmic rays.

1947 February 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 29B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1947 March 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 30B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1947 March 7 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 21.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi). Summary: Launched 11:23 local time. Reached 162.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation, pressure, temperature, photo, biological experiments for Naval Research Lab. Took first photograph from 100-mile altitude..

1947 April 1 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 22.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Summary: Launched 13:10 local time. Reached 129.5 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1947 April 9 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 23.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi). Summary: Launched 17:13 local time. Reached 102.4 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1947 April 17 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 24.
  • Grenades Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Launched 14:22 local time. Reached 142.7 km. Carried pressure, temperature (Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan) experiments for General Electric. The warhead section was replaced with an instrumented full-scale replica of the cylindrical GE A-4 ramjet duct planned for the Hermes B ramjet missile.

1947 May 15 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 26. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). Summary: Launched 16:04 local time. Reached 135.5 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, temperature, ionosphere, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab. Landed east of the impact zone on the outskirts of Alamagordo, New Mexico.

1947 May 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 1 31D.
  • 31D - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Summary: The missile attained a range of 100 km and accepted guidance corrections..

1947 May 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes B-1. LV Configuration: Hermes B-1 B-1 No. 0. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Hermes B-1 impacts a graveyard 18.5 km south of Juarez, Mexico on its first test flight. This and the out-of-range V-2 impact on 15 May resulted in new safety measures at WSPG. 'We were the first German unit to not only infiltrate the United States, but to attack Mexico from US soil'. This vehicle was deeply classified at the time. Hermes experiments were conducted with modified V-2 rockets to test the configuration of a ramjet propulsion system. Four Hermes B-1 rockets were flown from Complex 33, none of which were noted in the contemporary records.

1947 June 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 29B?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1947 July 10 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 29. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Launched 12:18 local time. Reached 16.1 km. Carried cosmic radiation, pressure, temperature, ionosphere, biological (Harvard) experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1947 July 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 2 33E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 33E test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1947 July 30 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 30.
  • Chemical release / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi). Summary: Launched 05:55 local time. Reached 161.1 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1947 September 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike D.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 September 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 9 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 27.
  • Solar ultraviolet / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi). Launched 12:15 local time. Reached 156.5 km. Carried Solar radiation (Naval Research Lab); pressure, composition (SCEL) experiments for General Electric. General Electric engineers obtained the first carefully instrumented heat-transfer data from supersonic flight when this V-2 attained 1520 m/s.

1947 October 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike G.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike H.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 10R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 11R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 November 4 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1947 November 20 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 Special. FAILURE: Failure.
  • G.E. Special test - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Summary: Launched 16:47 local time. Reached 26.8 km. Carried no upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for General Electric..

1947 December 8 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 28.
  • Blossom II Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Summary: Launched 14:42 local time. Reached 104.8 km. Carried pressure, temperature, solar radiation, sky brightness, ionosphere, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1947 December 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 12R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 December 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 13R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 January 22 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 34.
  • Chemical release / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi). Summary: Launched 13:12 local time. Reached 159.7 km. Carried cosmic radiation, pressure, temperature, ionosphere experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1948 February 6 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 36.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi). Summary: Launched 10:15 local time. Reached 111.3 km. Carried No upper atmosphere experiments. Technology flight for General Electric. Successful electronic flight control demonstrated by General Electric technicians for Army Ordnance..

1948 March 19 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 39. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom IIA Aeronomy / fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Summary: Launched 16:10 local time. Reached 5.5 km. Carried Magnetic field, composition, winds, temperature (Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan) experiments for General Electric..

1948 April 2 - . 13:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 25.
  • UM-1 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; UM. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi). Summary: Launched 06:40 local time. Reached 144.4 km. Carried Density, pressure, temperature, composition, cosmic and solar radiation (Naval Research Lab) experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1948 April 19 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 38. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar ultraviolet / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi). Summary: Launched 12:54 local time. Reached 56.1 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1948 May 13 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 1.
  • Test / solar / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi). Summary: First two-stage Bumper-Wac fired. Short duration Wac Corporal test; round successful. V-2 reached 112.4 km, 1220 m/s; Wac Corporal 127.6 km, 1345 m/s..

1948 May 27 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 35.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Summary: Launched 07:16 local time. Reached 140 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo, composition (Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan) experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1948 June 11 - . 10:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 37.
  • Blossom III Biological/Ionosphere/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Launched 03:22 local time. Reached 62.4 km. Carried pressure, temperature, composition, ionosphere, sky brightness, solar radiation experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Also carried Albert, the first American primate in space, who died of suffocation.

1948 June 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 June 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike J.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 June 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike K.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 June 29 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 14R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 July 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 July 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 14R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 July 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 16R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 July 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 17R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 July 14 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: MX-774. FAILURE: Cutoff after half of the propellants were used.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • MX-774 Flight 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: First Convair MX-774 (RTV-A-2) test rocket was successfully launched, first demonstrating use of gimballed engines and design features later incorporated in the Atlas ICBM. This was the first of three Convair-sponsored test flights..

1948 July 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 18R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 July 26 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 40.
  • Chemical release / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi). Launched 11:03 local time. Reached 87.1 km. Carried cosmic radiation, photo, pressure, temperature experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University. Fired from White Sands simultaneous with a Navy Aerobee which reached an altitude of 110 km. Both carried cameras which photographed the curvature of the earth.

1948 July 29 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 19R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 July 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 20R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 August 5 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 43.
  • Ultraviolet Spectra / Solar X Test / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi). Summary: Launched 05:07 local time. Reached 166.1 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, temperature, pressure, ionosphere, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1948 August 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 August 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 21R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 August 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike N.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 August 19 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 2. FAILURE: First stage failure..
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Summary: First stage failure. V-2 reached 13.4 km, 380 m/s; WAC 13.1 km, 380 m/s..

1948 August 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike O.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 3 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 33.
  • UM-2 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; UM. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi). Summary: Launched 18:00 local time. Reached 151 km. Carried Density, pressure, temperature, composition experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1948 September 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 22R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 23R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Q.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 24R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 25R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: MX-774. FAILURE: Cutoff at 16 km altitude.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • MX-774 Flight 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi). Summary: Second Corvair MX-774 test rocket fired. Shut down at 15 km; reached 65 km before malfunction of unknown origin caused self-destruction..

1948 September 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 26R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 30 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 3. FAILURE: Failure in the second stage, explosion prior to separation..
  • Test / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: V-2 reached 150.6 km, 1410 m/s; WAC destroyed..

1948 October 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 27R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 October 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 28R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 November 1 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 4. FAILURE: Failure in first stage due to break in alcohol piping..
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Summary: V-2 reached 5 km, 390 m/s; WAC destroyed..

1948 November 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 29R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 November 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 30R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 November 18 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 44.
  • Hermes B Solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi). Launched 15:34 local time. Reached 145.6 km. Carried biological (Harvard), solar radiation (Naval Research Lab), composition (Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan) experiments for General Electric. The warhead section was replaced with an instrumented full-scale replica of the cylindrical GE A-4 ramjet duct planned for the Hermes B ramjet missile.

1948 December 2 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: MX-774. FAILURE: Vibration closed valve early..
  • MX-774 Flight 3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: Third (last) MX-774 launched, WSPG; shut down at 51 seconds attaining an altitude of 48 km. Self-destructed at high altitude..

1948 December 9 - . 16:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 42.
  • Aeronomy / solar x-ray / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi). Summary: Launched 09:08 local time. Reached 108.7 km. Carried Winds, pressure, temperature; solar radiation (Naval Research Lab) experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1949 January 13 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes B-1. LV Configuration: Hermes B-1 B-1 No. 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1949 January 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 34R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 January 28 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 45. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom Solar x-ray / ionosphere / aeronomy / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched 10:20 local time. Reached 60 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1949 February 17 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 48.
  • Chemical release / solar extreme ultraviolet / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched 10:00 local time. Reached 100.8 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo (Naval Research Lab); composition (Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan); biological experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1949 February 24 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 5.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Fully fueled round used and attained highest altitude to that date. In addition to testing equipment the flight was used to measure upper air temperatures. V-2 reached 102 km, 1170 m/s; WAC 400 km, 2300 m/s. Provided information on ion densities in the F-region of the ionosphere.

1949 March 22 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 41.
  • Blossom IVA Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Summary: Launched 23:43 local time. Reached 133.9 km. Carried Ionosphere, sky brightness, solar radiation, composition, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1949 April 11 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 50.
  • UM-3 Aeronomy / solar x-ray / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; UM. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Summary: Launched 15:05 local time. Reached 87.4 km. Carried Temp, composition, solar radiation (Naval Research Lab); biological experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1949 April 22 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 6. FAILURE: Failed in the first stage..
  • Solar / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: Failed in the first stage. Vehicle was supposed to obtain cosmic ray data at altitudes unattainable by other rockets. V-2 reached 50 km, 790 m/s; WAC destroyed..

1949 May 3 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking. LV Configuration: Viking 1.
  • Viking 1 Aeronomy/Photography mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Summary: Upper-air pressures and temperatures; earth photography research. Engine cut-out after 55 seconds. Launched at 0914 local time. Reached 80.5 km..

1949 May 5 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 46. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes B Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). Launched 08:15 local time. Reached 8.9 km. Carried Solar radiation (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric. The warhead section was replaced with an instrumented full-scale replica of the cylindrical GE A-4 ramjet duct planned for the Hermes B ramjet missile.

1949 May 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 9B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1949 May 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 31R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 May 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 32R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 May 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 33R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 May 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 9B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1949 June 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 4E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 4E test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1949 June 14 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 47.
  • Blossom IVB Ionosphere-solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi). Launched 15:35 local time. Reached 133.9 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, temperature, pressure, ionosphere, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Second V-2 flight carrying a live AF Aero Medical Laboratory monkey, Albert II. The monkey survived but died on impact.

1949 September 6 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking. LV Configuration: Viking 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Viking 2 Aeronomy/Photography mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi). Summary: Upper-air pressures and temperatures; earth photography research. Engine cut-out early after 49 seconds. . Launched at 0957 local time. Reached 52 km..

1949 September 16 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 32. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom IVC Solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Launched 16:19 local time. Reached 4.2 km. Carried Composition, ionosphere, meteorites, solar and cosmic radiation, sky brightness, biological experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Third V-2 flight carrying a live AF Aero Medical Laboratory monkey, Albert III. The monkey survived but died on impact.

1949 September 29 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 49.
  • NRL Ionosphere 1 Solar x-ray / ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi). Summary: Launched 09:58 local time. Reached 151.1 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, meteorites, pressure experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1949 October 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes B-1. LV Configuration: Hermes B-1 B-1 No. 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1949 November 18 - . 16:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 56.
  • UM Sampling,Grenades Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; UM. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi). Summary: Launched 08:03 local time. Reached 124.2 km. Carried winds, composition, temperature; cosmic radiation (APL, John Hopkins); and solar radiation (Naval Research Lab) experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1949 December 8 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 31.
  • Blossom IVD Solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi). Launched 12:14 local time. Reached 130.6 km. Carried Composition, ionosphere, meteorites, solar radiation, sky brightness experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Last monkey, Albert IV, launched in V-2 series. The successful flight indicated no ill effects on monkey until impact of V-2.

1950 January 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 484-35.
  • Nike 484 34R - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 January 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 35R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 February 9 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking. LV Configuration: Viking 3. FAILURE: Veered off-course; engine cut-off at T+60 seconds..
  • Viking 3 Solar/Photography mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Solar and cosmic radiation; pressure-temperature; earth photography research. Veered off-course; engine cut-off at T+60 seconds. Launched at 1444 local time. Reached 80.5 km..

1950 February 17 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 53.
  • Solar x-ray / chemical release / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi). Summary: Launched 11:01 local time. Reached 149 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1950 May 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-1. LV Configuration: Hermes A-1 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: First Army Hermes A-1 test rocket fired at WSPG..

1950 July 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 5E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1950 August 31 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 51.
  • Blossom IVG Ionosphere-solar/Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi). Launched 10:09 local time. Reached 136.8 km. Carried Ionosphere, meteorites, sky brightness, density, biological experiments for Air Research and Development Command. Last of five Aeromedical Laboratory experiments (first four known as Albert series), it carried a nonanesthetized mouse, photographed by a camera, which survived the impact.

1950 September 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-1. LV Configuration: Hermes A-1 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1950 October 26 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 61.
  • Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; BRL. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). Summary: Launched 16:02 local time. Reached 8.1 km. Carried No upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for Naval Research Lab..

1950 November 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 6E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1950 November 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes B-1. LV Configuration: Hermes B-1 B-1 No. 2A.
  • Hermes II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1950 November 21 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking. LV Configuration: Viking 5.
  • Viking 5 Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi). Summary: Ionosphere; solar radiation; pressure-temperature; earth photography research. Launched at 1018 local time. Reached 175 km..

1950 December 12 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking. LV Configuration: Viking 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Viking 6 Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi). Summary: Upper-air pressure, density and composition; solar radiation; ionosphere research. Fin tore loose. Launched at 0004 local time. Reached 64.8 km..

1951 January 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 7R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1951 January 18 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 54. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar ultraviolet / x-ray / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). Summary: Launched 13:14 local time. Reached 1.6 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1951 February 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-1. LV Configuration: Hermes A-1 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1951 March 9 - . 03:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 57. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom IVE Ionosphere/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Summary: Launched 20:16 local time. Reached 3.1 km. Carried composition, air glow, sky brightness, ionosphere experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1951 March 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-1. LV Configuration: Hermes A-1 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1951 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 8R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1951 April 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-1. LV Configuration: Hermes A-1 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1951 June 14 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar ultraviolet / x-ray / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Carried solar and cosmic radiation experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1951 June 28 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 52. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom IVF Solar/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Summary: Launched 14:43 local time. Reached 5.8 km. Carried solar radiation, air glow, sky brightness experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1951 July 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 9R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1951 August 7 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking. LV Configuration: Viking 7.
  • Viking 7 Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Upper-air pressure, density; solar and cosmic radiation research. Launched at 1100 local time. Reached 219 km. A Navy Viking 7 rocket set an altitude record for single-stage rockets and reaching a speed of 6,600 kph. This was the highest flight of the original airframe design.

1951 August 22 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 TF1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi). TF-1 was the first V-2 launched by an all US Army team that was taking over from the General Electric crew as GE's contract to assemble, test and launch the missiles was coming to a close. It was the 'Final Exam' for this new team to prove were capable of handling the program from then on. Since no experiments were to be on board it was decided to shoot for an altitude record, and various modifications were made to this end. TF-1 was launched 12:00 local time. and reached 213.9 km.

1951 October 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 11R. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: First flight with configuration representative of that used for the production tactical missile..

1951 October 29 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 60.
  • Probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi). Summary: Launched 14:04 local time. Reached 141.3 km. Carried pressure, temperature experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1952 May 20 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 59/TF2.
  • Test / photography / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi). Summary: Launched 09:06 local time. Reached 103.7 km. Carried composition, photography experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan. V-2 number 58 never launched..

1952 June 6 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: NLA. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking Type 9. LV Configuration: Viking Type 9 8. FAILURE: Failed on static firing. Accidentally launched during ground test..
  • Viking 8 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Summary: Surge in thrust ripped rocket from the two bolts holding it to the pad and it flew horizontally across the launch site. Reached 6 km..

1952 August 22 - . 07:33 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 TF3.
  • Test / photography / solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi). Launched 00:33 local time. Reached 78.2 km. Carried composition, pressure, magnetic field, solar radiation; cosmic radiation (National Institute of Health); sky brightness (Air Research and Development Command) experiments for Naval Research Lab. V-2 number TF-2 was flown as contractor vehicle 59.

1952 September 19 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 TF5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi). Summary: Launched 08:49 local time. Reached 27.1 km. Carried temperature, composition; cosmic radiation (National Institute of Health) experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan. V-2 number TF-4 never flown..

1952 December 15 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: NLA. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking Type 9. LV Configuration: Viking Type 9 9.
  • Viking 9 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi). Summary: Solar and cosmic radiation; photography research. Ran out of fuel. Launched at 1438 local time. Reached 219 km..

1953 March 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3A 1.
  • RV-A-8 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1953 June 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3A 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1953 August 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3A 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1953 October 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3A 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1953 October 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3A 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1953 November 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3A 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1954 January 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3A 7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1954 May 7 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: NLA. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking Type 9. LV Configuration: Viking Type 9 10.
  • Viking 10 Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Summary: Check power plant, controls, performance, and skin temperatures; upper-air pressure, density, winds, ionisation; cosmic rays; photography research. Launched at 1000 local time. Reached 219 km..

1954 May 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3B. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3B 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1954 May 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: NLA. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking Type 9. LV Configuration: Viking Type 9 11.
  • Viking 11 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Summary: Re-entry nose-cone heat transfer experiment; photography research. Launched at 1000 local time. Reached 254 km. The rocket was turned by 180 degrees at apogee and the nose cone separated, diving back down into the atmosphere..

1954 July 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3B. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3B 2/A-16.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1954 August 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3B. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3B 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1954 September 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3B. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3B 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1954 October 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3B. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3B 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1954 November 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3B. LV Configuration: Hermes A-3B 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1955 February 4 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: NLA. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking Type 9. LV Configuration: Viking Type 9 12.
  • Viking 12 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi). Summary: Re-entry nose-cone heat transfer experiment; photography; atmosphere research. Launched at 1455 local time. Reached 232 km..

1964 July 28 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 March 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • DASA HAR Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 October 17 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac 9.5-68-4-604.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

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