Encyclopedia Astronautica
Woomera LA5B


Black Knight, Black Arrow launch complex. Launch Area 5B

Longitude: 136.4763 deg.
Latitude: -30.9711 deg.
First Launch: 1961.05.09.
Last Launch: 1971.10.28.
Number: 17 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • Prospero British earth micrometeoroid satellite. 2 launches, 1970.09.02 (R-2) to 1971.10.28 (Prospero). Tested space equipment for future satellites and conducted a scientific experiment to measure the incidence of micro-meteoroids. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Black Arrow British orbital launch vehicle. Britain's only indigenous launch vehicle. Following cancellation of the project in July 1971, one final launch was permitted, which successfully placed the Prospero satellite in orbit. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...

Woomera LA5B Chronology


1961 May 9 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 415 km (257 mi).

1961 June 7 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 583 km (362 mi).

1962 May 1 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.15.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi).

1962 August 24 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C BK.16.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi).

1962 November 29 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C BK.18.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 576 km (357 mi).

1963 October 17 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.11.
  • Blue Streak test - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO; RAE. Apogee: 527 km (327 mi).

1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C2 BK.12.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1964 August 5 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.19.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 602 km (374 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.20.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 629 km (390 mi).

1965 April 21 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.21.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 651 km (404 mi).

1965 July 26 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.23.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 492 km (305 mi).

1965 September 28 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.24.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 605 km (375 mi).

1965 November 25 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.25.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi).

1969 June 27 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow-BA0 R-0. FAILURE: Control lost after 50 sec. Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). Summary: Suborbital research and development flight.

1970 March 3 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow-BA0 R-1.
  • - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Summary: Successful suborbital research and development flight.

1970 September 2 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow R-2. FAILURE: Second stage shut down 13 seconds early.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Orba - . Payload: X 2. Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Prospero. Decay Date: 1970-09-02 . COSPAR: F700902A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Summary: Unsuccessful attempt to orbit a satellite..

1971 October 28 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow R-3.
  • Prospero - . Payload: X 3. Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Prospero. USAF Sat Cat: 5580 . COSPAR: 1971-093A. Apogee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Perigee: 531 km (329 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Summary: To test in space equipment for future satellites and to conduct a scientific experiment to measure the incidence of micro-meteoroids. Launch time 0409 GMT, injection point 13.7 deg S, 137.9 deg E. Anticipated life 100 years. .

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