Encyclopedia Astronautica

Subsonic rocket launch aircraft. Loaded mass 430,000 kg. Antonov cargo aircraft swept wing. Release conditions: Piggy-back, 200,000 kg, 900 kph at 8 to 9 km altitude. Effective velocity gain compared to vertical launch 270 m/s.

No Engines: 4. dV Equivalent: 270 m/s (880 ft/sec). Release velocity: 240 m/s (780 ft/sec). Release altitude: 8.50 m (27.80 ft). Release conditions: 900 kph at 8.5 km.

Location: 240.
Status: Out of Production.
Gross mass: 430,000 kg (940,000 lb).
Payload: 200,000 kg (440,000 lb).
Diameter: 18.07 m (59.28 ft).

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • D-18T Lotarev turbofan engine. 229.4 kN. Used on An-225 launch aircraft for Interim HOTOL, MAKS concepts. Development ended 1988. Isp=9000s. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Air/Kerosene Ambient air (78 % nitrogen, 21% oxygen, etc.) is scooped up by air intakes and used in turbojet, turbofan, ramjet, scramjet, or other airbreathing engines. It is used to burn aviation-grade kerosene, commercial grade JP-4 or JP-5, their military equivalents, or special high-temperature blends such as those used in the SR-71. More...

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