Encyclopedia Astronautica
Buran M-42

Buran missile
M-42 and M-44 Buran trisonic ramjet missiles were considered in both manned and unmanned versions.
Credit: Khrunichev
Ramjet missile stage. Loaded/empty mass 53,000/15,000 kg. Thrust 103.90 kN. Specific impulse 1500 seconds. Boosted by 4 x Glushko-engined boosters. 8,500 km cruise at Mach 3.1 at 18-20 km altitude with 3,500 kg warhead. Wing area 98 square meters; diameter of ramjet 2.0 m. Never reached flight test. Masses estimated based on missile known total mass.

Release velocity: 915 m/s (3,001 ft/sec). Release altitude: 19 m (62 ft). Release conditions: 3,100 kph at 19 km.

Location: 915.
Status: Development ended 1957.
Gross mass: 53,000 kg (116,000 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 15,000 kg (33,000 lb).
Payload: 3,500 kg (7,700 lb).
Height: 23.30 m (76.40 ft).
Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft).
Span: 11.60 m (38.00 ft).
Thrust: 103.90 kN (23,358 lbf).
Specific impulse: 1,500 s.
Burn time: 8,500 s.

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • RD-020 Bondaryuk ramjet engine. 103 kN. Buran M-42. Development ended 1957. Isp=1500s. Ramjet for Buran cruise missile. 8,500 km cruise at Mach 3.1 at 18-20 km altitude. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Buran Russian intercontinental cruise missile. A government decree on 20 May 1954 authorised the Myasishchev aircraft design bureau to proceed with full-scale development of the Buran trisonic intercontinental cruise missile. The competing Burya design of Lavochkin was launched in July 1957, but the development of unstoppable ICBM's had made intercontinntal cruise missiles oboslete. The equivalent American Navaho project was cancelled ten days later. Korolev's R-7 ICBM completed its first successful test flight in August. Buran was being prepared for its first flight when Myasishchev's project was cancelled on November 1957. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Air/Kerosene Ambient air (78 % nitrogen, 21% oxygen, etc.) is scooped up by air intakes and used in turbojet, turbofan, ramjet, scramjet, or other airbreathing engines. It is used to burn aviation-grade kerosene, commercial grade JP-4 or JP-5, their military equivalents, or special high-temperature blends such as those used in the SR-71. More...

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