Encyclopedia Astronautica
Burya


Ramjet missile stage. Loaded/empty mass 40,865/13,000 kg. Thrust 76.00 kN. Specific impulse 1500 seconds. Boosted by 2 x R-11 derivative boosters. 6,500 km tested, 8,000 km specified, cruise at Mach 3.2 at 18-20 km altitude with 2,350 kg warhead. Flight tested 1957 - 1960. Wing area 60 square meters; diameter of ramjet inlet 1.7 m. Total missile mass 97,215 kg; gross masses prorated, empty masses estimated.

Release velocity: 945 m/s (3,100 ft/sec). Release altitude: 19 m (62 ft). Release conditions: 3,200 kph at 19 km.

AKA: La-X; Objekt 350.
Location: 945.
Status: Retired 1960.
Gross mass: 40,865 kg (90,091 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 13,000 kg (28,000 lb).
Payload: 2,350 kg (5,180 lb).
Height: 18.00 m (59.00 ft).
Diameter: 2.20 m (7.20 ft).
Span: 7.75 m (25.41 ft).
Thrust: 76.00 kN (17,085 lbf).
Specific impulse: 1,500 s.
Burn time: 8,500 s.
Number: 18 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • RD-012U Bondaryuk ramjet engine. 76 kN. Burya. Out of production. 1.2 m diameter ramjet to be used in Burya cruise missile. Thrust is maximum thrust at cruise altitude. Specific impulse is that at cruise design point. Isp=1500s. First flight 1957. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Burya A government decree on 20 May 1954 authorised the Lavochkin aircraft design bureau to proceed with full-scale development of the Burya trisonic intercontinental cruise missile. Burya launches began in July 1957. The project was cancelled, but the team was allowed final tests in 1961 that demonstrated a 6,500 km range at Mach 3.2 with the 2,350 kg payload. In cancelling Burya the Russians gave up technology that Lavochkin planned to evolve into a manned shuttle-like recoverable launch vehicle. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Air/Kerosene Ambient air (78 % nitrogen, 21% oxygen, etc.) is scooped up by air intakes and used in turbojet, turbofan, ramjet, scramjet, or other airbreathing engines. It is used to burn aviation-grade kerosene, commercial grade JP-4 or JP-5, their military equivalents, or special high-temperature blends such as those used in the SR-71. More...

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