Encyclopedia Astronautica

Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 98,100/11,900 kg. Thrust 1,078.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 446 seconds.

Cost $ : 80.000 million.

AKA: LE-7.
Status: Retired 1999.
Gross mass: 98,100 kg (216,200 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 11,900 kg (26,200 lb).
Height: 28.00 m (91.00 ft).
Diameter: 4.00 m (13.10 ft).
Span: 4.00 m (13.10 ft).
Thrust: 1,078.00 kN (242,343 lbf).
Specific impulse: 446 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 349 s.
Burn time: 346 s.
Number: 12 .

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • LE-7 Mitsubishi lox/lh2 rocket engine for H-2 upper stage. 1078 kN. Staged combustion turbopump. No throttle capability. Isp=446s. First flight 1994. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • H-II Japanese orbital launch vehicle. 3 stage vehicle consisted of 2 x H-II SRB boosters + core vehicle. More...
  • H-II (2S) Japanese orbital launch vehicle. Three stage version consisting of 2 x H-II SSB boosters + 2 x H-II SRB boosters + core vehicle. More...
  • H-2 HIMES Japanese orbital launch vehicle. Concept of H-2 augmented with Liquid-Air Cycle Engine boosters and advanced HIMES upper stage. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Lox/LH2 Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. Liquid hydrogen was identified by all the leading rocket visionaries as the theoretically ideal rocket fuel. It had big drawbacks, however - it was highly cryogenic, and it had a very low density, making for large tanks. The United States mastered hydrogen technology for the highly classified Lockheed CL-400 Suntan reconnaissance aircraft in the mid-1950's. The technology was transferred to the Centaur rocket stage program, and by the mid-1960's the United States was flying the Centaur and Saturn upper stages using the fuel. It was adopted for the core of the space shuttle, and Centaur stages still fly today. More...

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