Encyclopedia Astronautica
Luna 8K72-0


Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 43,400/3,800 kg. Thrust 990.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 312 seconds.

Cost $ : 5.000 million.

Status: Retired 1960.
Gross mass: 43,400 kg (95,600 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb).
Height: 19.00 m (62.00 ft).
Diameter: 2.68 m (8.79 ft).
Span: 2.68 m (8.79 ft).
Thrust: 990.00 kN (222,560 lbf).
Specific impulse: 312 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 254 s.
Burn time: 120 s.
Number: 56 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • RD-107-8D74-1958 Glushko Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 996 kN. Luna 8K72-0. Out of production. Diameter is per chamber. Isp=312s. First flight 1958. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Sputnik 8K71PS Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Relatively unmodified R-7 ICBM test vehicles used to launch first two Sputniks. More...
  • Luna 8K72 Russian orbital launch vehicle. R-7 ICBM with single-engine upper stage used for early Soviet unmanned lunar shots. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Lox/Kerosene Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. In January 1953 Rocketdyne commenced the REAP program to develop a number of improvements to the engines being developed for the Navaho and Atlas missiles. Among these was development of a special grade of kerosene suitable for rocket engines. Prior to that any number of rocket propellants derived from petroleum had been used. Goddard had begun with gasoline, and there were experimental engines powered by kerosene, diesel oil, paint thinner, or jet fuel kerosene JP-4 or JP-5. The wide variance in physical properties among fuels of the same class led to the identification of narrow-range petroleum fractions, embodied in 1954 in the standard US kerosene rocket fuel RP-1, covered by Military Specification MIL-R-25576. In Russia, similar specifications were developed for kerosene under the specifications T-1 and RG-1. The Russians also developed a compound of unknown formulation in the 1980's known as 'Sintin', or synthetic kerosene. More...

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