Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 4,213,000/194,000 kg. Thrust 97,840.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 299 seconds. Operational date would have been July 1977. Recoverable stage. 10% plug nozzle.
No Engines: 4.
Status: Study 1963.
More... - Chronology...
Gross mass: 4,213,000 kg (9,288,000 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 194,000 kg (427,000 lb).
Height: 25.90 m (84.90 ft).
Diameter: 21.30 m (69.80 ft).
Span: 21.30 m (69.80 ft).
Thrust: 97,840.00 kN (21,995,300 lbf).
Specific impulse: 299 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 260 s.
Burn time: 118 s.
5 mlbf RP-4 Notional Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 24,459 kN. Study 1963. Operational date would have been July 1977. Recoverable stage. 10% plug nozzle. Isp=299s. Used on Nova-1 DAC launch vehicle. More...
Associated Launch Vehicles
Nova-1 DAC American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Douglas/Bono design for Nova using Lox/RP-1 in first stage, existing engines. More...
Lox/Kerosene Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. In January 1953 Rocketdyne commenced the REAP program to develop a number of improvements to the engines being developed for the Navaho and Atlas missiles. Among these was development of a special grade of kerosene suitable for rocket engines. Prior to that any number of rocket propellants derived from petroleum had been used. Goddard had begun with gasoline, and there were experimental engines powered by kerosene, diesel oil, paint thinner, or jet fuel kerosene JP-4 or JP-5. The wide variance in physical properties among fuels of the same class led to the identification of narrow-range petroleum fractions, embodied in 1954 in the standard US kerosene rocket fuel RP-1, covered by Military Specification MIL-R-25576. In Russia, similar specifications were developed for kerosene under the specifications T-1 and RG-1. The Russians also developed a compound of unknown formulation in the 1980's known as 'Sintin', or synthetic kerosene. More...
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