Encyclopedia Astronautica
Rokot-3 Briz



brizm.jpg
Briz M
Credit: Khrunichev
N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 6,565/1,600 kg. Thrust 19.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 326 seconds. High performance storable liquid engine. The basic stage can be adapted with 'wrap-around' propellant tanks for Proton booster applications.

Engine system consists of main engine plus four 11D458 plus twelve 17D58E vernier thrusters. Propellant load 3300 kg N2O4 + 1665 kg UDMH. Main engine: Capable of 8 restarts. Maximum burn time 1000 seconds; minimum time 1 second. Time between burns between 15 seconds and 5 hours. Vernier engines: 4 x 40 kgf. Specific impulse 275 sec. Minimum impulse 4 kg-s. Orientation engines: 12 x 1.3 kgf. Specific impulse 270 sec. Minimum impulse 0.068 kg-s. This, the basic version, had a total deliverable impulse of 2,000,000 kgf-s. Minimum impulse 2500 kg-s. Total summmary impulse 14,112 kg-s.

Cost $ : 3.000 million.

AKA: Briz K.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 6,565 kg (14,473 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb).
Height: 1.30 m (4.20 ft).
Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft).
Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft).
Thrust: 19.60 kN (4,406 lbf).
Specific impulse: 326 s.
Burn time: 1,000 s.
Number: 11 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • 11D458 Isayev N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 0.392 kN. In Production. Isp=252s. Small attitude control thruster in Briz upper stage propulsion system S5.98M. Total summmary impulse 14,112 kg-s. Minimum impulse 4 kg-s. Specific impulse also reported as 275 sec. More...
  • 17D58E Isayev N2O4/UDMH rocket engine.13 N. In Production. Isp=247s. Small attitude control thruster used in Briz, Briz-M upper stage propulsion system S5.98M. More...
  • RDMT-12 NII Mash N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 12 N. Almaz, Kvant, Kristall, Spektr, Priroda. In Production. Low-thrust attitude control thruster. Predecessor was RDMT-400. Used in Isayev 17D58E engine. Isp=279s. More...
  • RDMT-400 NII Mash N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 0.400 kN. Almaz, Kvant, Kristall, Spektr, Priroda. In Production. Low-thrust attitude control thruster. Used in Isayev 11D458 engine. Isp=255s. More...
  • S5.98M Isayev N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 19.62 kN. Used on Briz and Briz-M upper stages. Isp=325s. Engine system consists of: main engine (2000 kgf, Isp=325.5s) + 4x11D458 (40 kgf, Isp=252s) + 12x17D58E (1.36 kgf, Isp=247s). 8 restarts. First flight 1990. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Rokot K Russian all-solid orbital launch vehicle. Version with Briz-K upper stage. More...

Associated Propellants
  • N2O4/UDMH Nitrogen tetroxide became the storable liquid propellant of choice from the late 1950's. Unsymmetrical Dimethylhydrazine ((CH3)2NNH2) became the storable liquid fuel of choice by the mid-1950's. Development of UDMH in the Soviet Union began in 1949. It is used in virtually all storable liquid rocket engines except for some orbital manoeuvring engines in the United States, where MMH has been preferred due to a slightly higher density and performance. More...

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