Encyclopedia Astronautica
Saturn MS-II-1-J-2T-250K

Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 521,447/49,877 kg. Thrust 5,558.31 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 441 seconds. Basic Saturn II with 41 inch stretch of hydrogen tank, uprated J-2T 250k engines with 25% improvement in thrust and 16 second increase in specific impulse.

No Engines: 5.

Status: Study 1967.
Gross mass: 521,447 kg (1,149,593 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 49,877 kg (109,959 lb).
Height: 25.88 m (84.90 ft).
Diameter: 10.06 m (33.00 ft).
Span: 10.06 m (33.00 ft).
Thrust: 5,558.31 kN (1,249,558 lbf).
Specific impulse: 441 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 290 s.
Burn time: 348 s.

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • J-2T-250K Rocketdyne lox/lh2 rocket engine. 1111.6 kN. Study 1967. Proposed for later versions of Saturn V. Toroidal aerospike plug nozzle version of J-2. Isp=441s. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Saturn MLV-V-1/J-2T/250K American orbital launch vehicle. MSFC study, 1965. Improved Saturn V configuration studied under contract NAS8-11359. Variant of MLV-V-1 with toroidal J-2T-250K engines replacing standard J-2 engines in upper stages. More...
  • Saturn MLV-V-4(S)-B American orbital launch vehicle. Boeing study, 1967. Configuration of improved Saturn 5 with Titan UA1207 120 inch solid rocket boosters. Saturn IC stretched 336 inches with 6.0 million pounds propellant and 5 F-1 engines; Saturn II and Saturn IVB stages strengthened but not stretched. Empty mass of stages increased by 13.9% (S-IC), 8.6% (S-II) and 11.8% (S-IVB). Studied again by Boeing in 1967 as Saturn V-4(S)B. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Lox/LH2 Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. Liquid hydrogen was identified by all the leading rocket visionaries as the theoretically ideal rocket fuel. It had big drawbacks, however - it was highly cryogenic, and it had a very low density, making for large tanks. The United States mastered hydrogen technology for the highly classified Lockheed CL-400 Suntan reconnaissance aircraft in the mid-1950's. The technology was transferred to the Centaur rocket stage program, and by the mid-1960's the United States was flying the Centaur and Saturn upper stages using the fuel. It was adopted for the core of the space shuttle, and Centaur stages still fly today. More...

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