Encyclopedia Astronautica
Shuttle DC-3-2

Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 199,238/54,422 kg. Thrust 2,940.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 459 seconds. Faget Configuration - Cross Range 323 km

Cost $ : 18.000 million.

Status: Study 1970.
Gross mass: 199,238 kg (439,244 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 54,422 kg (119,979 lb).
Height: 37.40 m (122.70 ft).
Diameter: 4.45 m (14.59 ft).
Span: 27.68 m (90.81 ft).
Thrust: 2,940.00 kN (660,930 lbf).
Specific impulse: 459 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 359 s.
Burn time: 218 s.

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Shuttle DC-3 American winged orbital launch vehicle. Marshall Spaceflight Center shuttle concept of April 1970 using Faget low cross range stub-winged booster and orbiter. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Lox/LH2 Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. Liquid hydrogen was identified by all the leading rocket visionaries as the theoretically ideal rocket fuel. It had big drawbacks, however - it was highly cryogenic, and it had a very low density, making for large tanks. The United States mastered hydrogen technology for the highly classified Lockheed CL-400 Suntan reconnaissance aircraft in the mid-1950's. The technology was transferred to the Centaur rocket stage program, and by the mid-1960's the United States was flying the Centaur and Saturn upper stages using the fuel. It was adopted for the core of the space shuttle, and Centaur stages still fly today. More...

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