Nuclear/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 28,000/7,500 kg. Thrust 441.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 1000 seconds.
Cost $ : 100.000 million.
Status: Development ended 1992.
More... - Chronology...
Gross mass: 28,000 kg (61,000 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 7,500 kg (16,500 lb).
Height: 23.87 m (78.31 ft).
Diameter: 4.25 m (13.94 ft).
Span: 4.25 m (13.94 ft).
Thrust: 441.00 kN (99,140 lbf).
Specific impulse: 1,000 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 890 s.
Burn time: 449 s.
Timberwind 45 DoE nuclear/lh2 rocket engine. 441.3 kN. Development ended 1992. Isp=1000s. Used on Timberwind Centaur launch vehicle. More...
Associated Launch Vehicles
Nuclear/LH2 Nuclear thermal engines use the heat of a nuclear reactor to heat a propellant. Although early Russian designs used ammonia or alcohol as propellant, the ideal working fluid for space applications is the liquid form of the lightest element, hydrogen. Nuclear engines would have twice the performance of conventional chemical rocket engines. Although successfully ground-tested in both Russia and America, they have never been flown due primarily to environmental and safety concerns. Liquid hydrogen was identified by all the leading rocket visionaries as the theoretically ideal rocket fuel. It had big drawbacks, however - it was highly cryogenic, and it had a very low density, making for large tanks. The United States mastered hydrogen technology for the highly classified Lockheed CL-400 Suntan reconnaissance aircraft in the mid-1950's. The technology was transferred to the Centaur rocket stage program, and by the mid-1960's the United States was flying the Centaur and Saturn upper stages using the fuel. It was adopted for the core of the space shuttle, and Centaur stages still fly today. More...
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