Encyclopedia Astronautica
Tu-160



tu160sk.jpg
Tu-160SK with Burlak
Mach 2 rocket launch aircraft. Loaded/empty mass 205,442/99,773 kg. Thrust 533.67 kN. Specific impulse 1980 seconds. Tupolev Bomber-variable geometry. Maximum release conditions: Belly-mounted, 9,977 kg at 2,451 kph at 18,292 m altitude

No Engines: 4. Release velocity: 500 m/s (1,640 ft/sec). Release altitude: 14 m (44 ft). Release angle: 0 deg.

Location: 500.
Status: Development ended 1992.
Gross mass: 205,442 kg (452,922 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 99,773 kg (219,961 lb).
Payload: 28,000 kg (61,000 lb).
Height: 53.35 m (175.03 ft).
Diameter: 13.71 m (44.98 ft).
Span: 53.96 m (177.03 ft).
Thrust: 533.67 kN (119,974 lbf).
Specific impulse: 1,980 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 1,800 s.
Burn time: 58,000 s.

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • NK-231 Kuznetsov turbofan engine. 226.5 kN. Tu-160. Development ended 1992. Turbofan engine used in Tu-160. Thrust is maximum sea level thrust; specific impulse is sea level value at that thrust. Isp=1980s. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Burlak Russian air-launched winged orbital launch vehicle. Burlak air-launched satellite launcher was proposed in 1992 and studied by Germany in 1992-1994. Evidently based on secret anti-satellite missile. Air launched from Tu-160 bomber, released at 13,500 m altitude and Mach 1.7. Development estimated to cost only DM 50 million, but not proceeded with. Burlak/Diana variant would have been launched from Concorde. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Air/Kerosene Ambient air (78 % nitrogen, 21% oxygen, etc.) is scooped up by air intakes and used in turbojet, turbofan, ramjet, scramjet, or other airbreathing engines. It is used to burn aviation-grade kerosene, commercial grade JP-4 or JP-5, their military equivalents, or special high-temperature blends such as those used in the SR-71. More...

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