Encyclopedia Astronautica

Nitric acid/Turpentine rocket stage. 40.00 kN (8,992 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,300 kg (2,866 lb).

Status: Retired 1975.
Gross mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 278 kg (612 lb).
Height: 7.30 m (23.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.55 m (1.80 ft).
Thrust: 40.00 kN (8,992 lbf).
Burn time: 45 s.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
Associated Engines
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Veronique After the cancellation of the 'Super V-2' project, the German team at Vernon pursued development of a tenth-scale version, the Project 4213 Veronique (VERnon et electrONIQUE). The 4 tonne thrust motor, using nitric acid and kerosene, beat the 'pure French' project 4211 Eole design and paved the way leading to the Ariane space booster. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • LRBA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. LRBA, France. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Nitric acid/Turpentine Drawing on the German World War II Wasserfall rocket, nitric acid (HNO3) became the early storable oxidiser of choice for missiles and upper stages of the 1950's. To overcome various problems with its use, it was necessary to combine the nitric acid with N2O4 and passivation compounds. These formulae were considered extremely secret at the time. By the late 1950's it was apparent that N2O4 by itself was a better oxidiser. Therefore nitric acid was almost entirely replaced by pure N2O4 in storable liquid fuel rocket engines developed after 1960. More...

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