Encyclopedia Astronautica
Veronique 61

Nitric acid/Turpentine propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 1,900 kg. Thrust 60.00 kN.

AKA: Veronique.
Status: Retired 1967.
Gross mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb).
Height: 9.50 m (31.10 ft).
Diameter: 0.55 m (1.80 ft).
Thrust: 60.00 kN (13,488 lbf).
Burn time: 54 s.
Number: 6 .

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
Associated Engines
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Veronique 61 French sounding rocket. Development of an improved version of Veronique, with a 50% increase in thrust, began in 1961. The much larger vehicle could reach 315 km with the standard Veronique 60 kg payload. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • LRBA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. LRBA, France. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Nitric acid/Turpentine Drawing on the German World War II Wasserfall rocket, nitric acid (HNO3) became the early storable oxidiser of choice for missiles and upper stages of the 1950's. To overcome various problems with its use, it was necessary to combine the nitric acid with N2O4 and passivation compounds. These formulae were considered extremely secret at the time. By the late 1950's it was apparent that N2O4 by itself was a better oxidiser. Therefore nitric acid was almost entirely replaced by pure N2O4 in storable liquid fuel rocket engines developed after 1960. More...

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