Encyclopedia Astronautica
Veronique AGI


Nitric acid/Turpentine rocket stage. 40.00 kN (8,992 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,300 kg (2,866 lb).

AKA: Veronique.
Status: Retired 1969.
Gross mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 278 kg (612 lb).
Height: 7.30 m (23.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.55 m (1.80 ft).
Thrust: 40.00 kN (8,992 lbf).
Burn time: 49 s.
Number: 9 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Veronique AGI French sounding rocket. The Veronique AGI was the rocket originally intended for the International Geophysical Year order. It followed the configuration of the Veronique NA, but had a lower empty weight, a simplified engine using single wall cooling, and used turpentine fuel instead of kerosene. This increased the specific impulse, decreased combustion instabilities, and allowed the version to reach 210 km altitude. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • LRBA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. LRBA, France. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Nitric acid/Turpentine Drawing on the German World War II Wasserfall rocket, nitric acid (HNO3) became the early storable oxidiser of choice for missiles and upper stages of the 1950's. To overcome various problems with its use, it was necessary to combine the nitric acid with N2O4 and passivation compounds. These formulae were considered extremely secret at the time. By the late 1950's it was apparent that N2O4 by itself was a better oxidiser. Therefore nitric acid was almost entirely replaced by pure N2O4 in storable liquid fuel rocket engines developed after 1960. More...

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