Encyclopedia Astronautica
Viking Type 9-1

Lox/Alcohol rocket stage. 93.00 kN (20,907 lbf) thrust. Mass 6,800 kg (14,991 lb).

AKA: Viking.
Status: Retired 1957.
Gross mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb).
Height: 12.80 m (41.90 ft).
Diameter: 1.14 m (3.74 ft).
Thrust: 93.00 kN (20,907 lbf).
Burn time: 105 s.
Number: 7 .

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
Associated Launch Vehicles
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Lox/Alcohol Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. Alcohol (C2H5OH) was the fuel used for the German V-2 rocket, and the first derivative rocket engines in the United States, Soviet Union, and China used it as well. Better performance was achieved by increasing the alcohol concentration in the post-war engines. But after better-performance rocket-grade kerosene was developed by Rocketdyne in the REAP program of 1953, use of alcohol was abandoned. More...

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