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Treaties
Treaties between the United States and the Soviet Union affected the course of space and missile development during the Cold War. The Outer Space Treaty curtailed development of space for offensive military purposes, slowing but not ending plans by both powers for space-based weaponry.. The ABM. SALT, and START treaties limited the numbers of anti-ballistic and ballistic missiles on both sides. The INF treaty actually scrapped a whole category of offensive missiles. With the end of the Cold War, voluntary reductions due to a lack of perceived threat led to further drastic cutbacks on both sides. By 2010 the increases of long-range missile forces in China, India, Pakistan, Israel, Iran, and North Korea led to an end to these reductions and the introduction of force modernization and new anti-ballistic missile programs in Russian and the United States.



Subtopics

Treaties - Outer Space The text of the Outer Space Treaty, which prohibited deployment of nuclear weapons in space, and led to curtailment of anti-satellite and offensive space weapons programs in the United States and Russia.

Treaties - ABM Treaty The text of the ABM Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, which limited deployment of anti-ballistic missile systems to two sites in each country.

Treaties - SALT 1 The text of the SALT-1 Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, which stopped the growth in US/Soviet intercontinental-range nuclear weapons arsenals

Treaties - SALT 2 The second part of the text of the SALT-2 Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, which cut back the US/Soviet intercontinental-range nuclear weapons arsenals

Treaties - START 1 The second part of the text of the START-1 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, which further cut back the US/Soviet intercontinental-range nuclear weapons arsenals

Treaties - START 2 The text of the START-2 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, which further cut back the US/Soviet intercontinental-range nuclear weapons arsenals

Treaties - INF The text of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, which banned intermediate-range nuclear weapons in Europe.



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