Encyclopedia Astronautica
April 05


April 05 Chronology


1894 April 5 - .
1909 April 5 - .
  • Birth of Mikhail Sergeyevich Ryazanskiy - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1946-1951 and 1955-1987 of Nll-885. Specialised in missile and spacecraft radio guidance..

1944 April 5 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-086. FAILURE: Exploded at T+17 seconds..
1948 April 5 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 80 - . Crew: Lilly. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 35. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lilly. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 15. Engine failed to ignite. Propellants jettisoned, completed as glide flight..

1949 April 5 - .
  • Birth of Dr Judith Arlene 'JR' Resnik - . Nation: USA. Summary: Jewish-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-51-L. Engineer. Died in Challenger accident..

1950 April 5 - .
  • Birth of Dr Franklin Ramon Chang-Diaz - . Nation: Costa Rica; USA. Summary: Costa Rican-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91, STS-111. Held record of seven spaceflights..

1955 April 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1568T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 April 5 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A. LV Configuration: Atlas A 15A. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: USAF Atlas A ICBM was successfully flown from Cape Canaveral, Fla., to the impact area some 600 miles away..

1960 April 5 - .
  • Conditional approval for SAINT development. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II. As usual, Herbert York, McNamara's Director of Defense, Research, and Engineering, was hostile to the concept. It was approved only on the condition that Gerneral Schriever, Commander of the Air Research and Development Command, fund it from the existing budget by cutting back other programmes.

1960 April 5 - .
  • Preliminary specifications to modify the Mercury capsule by adding a reentry control navigation system. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mercury Mark I. Preliminary specifications were issued by Space Task Group (STG) to modify the Mercury capsule by adding a reentry control navigation system. The modified capsule would obtain a small lifting capability (lift-over-drag ratio would equal approximately 0.26). The self-contained capsule navigation system would consist of a stable platform, a digital computer, a possible star tracker, and the necessary associated electronic equipment. Dispersion from the predicted impact point would be less than 10 miles. The prospective development called for a prototype to be delivered to NASA for testing in February 1961; and first qualified system, or Modification I, to be delivered by August 1961; and the final qualified system, or Modification II, to be delivered by January 1962. STG anticipated that four navigational systems (not including prototype or qualification units) would be required.

1960 April 5 - .
1960 April 5 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards TL1. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1AT.
  • Silo test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 April 5 - . 10:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL64.
  • Grenades / Chaff Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1961 April 5 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.33GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1962 April 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 April 5 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL163.
  • Grenades / Chaff Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1962 April 5 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-3-7.
  • X-15A MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi). Maximum Speed - 4586 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54860 m. The X-15 was flown in a test of a new automatic control system to be used in the Dyna-Soar and Apollo spacecraft. The previous electronic control system had been automatic only while the X-15 was in the atmosphere; the new system was automatic in space as well.

1963 April 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I V-1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 April 5 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3. LV Configuration: Scout X-3 S119. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Transit 5A-2 - . Payload: Transit 5A-2. Mass: 84 kg (185 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1963-04-05 . COSPAR: F630405A. Summary: Replacement for the failed Transit 5A; failed to reach orbit..

1965 April 5 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Schirra and Stafford selected for Gemini-Titan 6. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Grissom; Young; Schirra; Stafford. Flight: Gemini 6. Manned Spacecraft Center announced that Walter M. Schirra, Jr., and Thomas P. Stafford had been selected as command pilot and pilot for Gemini-Titan 6, the first Gemini rendezvous and docking mission. Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young would be the backup crew.

1965 April 5 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2J 155.
  • AFP-437 combat training interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi).

1965 April 5 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 29.6 S x 75.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.230UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP33 - - Latitude: 29.57 S - Longitude: 75.22 W..

1965 April 5 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 30.6 S x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.184UE.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP34 - - Latitude: 30.63 S - Longitude: 75.03 W..

1966 April 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 5 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II B-50.
  • Gold Ring operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 April 5 - .
  • Apollo 204 Review Board final report - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. The Apollo 204 Review Board transmitted its final formal report on the fire to the NASA Administrator. The Board noted that the reliability of the CM and the entire system involved in its operation was a requirement common to both safety and mission success. It followed that protection from fire as a hazard required much more than quick egress. The risk of fire was only one factor pertaining to CM reliability that must receive adequate consideration. Design features and operating procedures intended to reduce the fire risk must not introduce other serious risks to mission success and safety. Additional Details: Apollo 204 Review Board final report.

1967 April 5 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.168CS.
  • LMSC Solar / Mod 1 Solar x-ray / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 April 5 - . 09:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1969 April 5 - .
  • Kaluga visit - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gagarin. Summary: Kamanin and the cosmonauts go to Kaluga on a two-day visit to formally hand over Gagarin's flight log to the space museum there..

1971 April 5 - .
  • Salyut preparations - . Nation: USSR. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 10. Spacecraft: Salyut 1. When DOS#1 was cleared for flight, it still had 182 discrepancies, of which only 10 were duplicates and 20 were purely cosmetic. Preparations for launch of Soyuz 10 were complicated by problems with the logic of the abort system. This was supposed to put the spacecraft in a purely ballistic re-entry mode. Additional Details: Salyut preparations.

1971 April 5 - .
  • Plans for launch of DOS#1. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Salyut. Spacecraft: Salyut 1. Summary: Mishin says they are right on schedule..

1971 April 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 85F.
  • ABRES LAR-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1971 April 5 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P68K.
  • Small-scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1972 April 5 - .
  • Unified System of Satellite Communications (YeSSS) - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Molniya-2; Ekran; Raduga. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On use of Molniya and Ekran for a unified satellite communications system' was issued. The YeSSS was defined as the Molniya-2 in elliptical orbit and Raduga (Statsionar) in geosynchronous orbit.

1972 April 5 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC CRL A18.109-1.
  • E Field / Particles Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1972 April 5 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 April 5 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.921-3.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1973 April 5 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-05 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1979-01-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 6418 . COSPAR: 1973-018A. Apogee: 39,822 km (24,744 mi). Perigee: 532 km (330 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).

1974 April 5 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 PVM-5.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 April 5 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511. FAILURE: During second-third stage separation third stage failed to separate from second stage but still ignited.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Soyuz 18-1 - . Call Sign: Ural (Urals ). Crew: Lazarev; Makarov. Backup Crew: Klimuk; Sevastyanov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 39. Mass: 6,830 kg (15,050 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Lazarev; Makarov; Klimuk; Sevastyanov. Agency: RVSN. Program: Salyut. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 18-1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 0.0149 days. Decay Date: 1975-04-05 . COSPAR: F750405A. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi). Carried Oleg Makarov, Vasili Lazarev for rendezvous with Salyut 4; but during second-third stage seperation third stage failed to separate from second stage but still ignited. The crew demanded that the abort procedures be implemented but ground control could not see the launch vehicle gyrations in their telemetry. Soyuz finally was separated from by ground control command at 192 km, and following a 20.6+ G reentry, the capsule landed in the Altai mountains, tumbled down a mountainside, and snagged in some bushes just short of a precipice. The crew was worried that they may have landed in China and would face internment, but after an hour sitting in the cold next to the capsule, they were discovered by locals speaking Russian. Total flight duration was 1574 km and flight time 21 minutes 27 seconds. Lazarev suffered internal injuries from the high-G reentry and tumble down the mountain side and never flew again. Both cosmonauts were denied their 3000 ruble spaceflight bonus pay and had to apeal all the way to Brezhnev before being paid.

1976 April 5 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1977 April 5 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-27 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 27. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 9903 . COSPAR: 1977-024A. Apogee: 887 km (551 mi). Perigee: 844 km (524 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 102.30 min. Summary: Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1977 April 5 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 901 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 18. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1978-06-29 . Decay Date: 1978-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 9905 . COSPAR: 1977-025A. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1978 April 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES TREP-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1978 April 5 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 April 5 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac GL A11.712-4.
  • DENSITY sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1979 April 5 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1980 April 5 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1981 April 5 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1982 April 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1984 April 5 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1987 April 5 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1988 April 5 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47126-188.
  • Cosmos 1937 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 19038 . COSPAR: 1988-029A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 761 km (472 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1989 April 5 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: SAIN. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 April 5 - . 13:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X NASA 35.28CE.
  • WISP 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 586 km (364 mi).

1990 April 5 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: 36.0 N x 123.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus. LV Configuration: Pegasus 001/F1.
  • Pegsat - . Payload: Pegsat / Orion 38. Mass: 178 kg (392 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Pegsat. Decay Date: 1998-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 20546 . COSPAR: 1990-028A. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 94.1000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Summary: Chemical release experiment. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .
  • USA 55 - . Payload: GLOMR 2 / TERCEL / SECS. Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: GLOMR. USAF Sat Cat: 20547 . COSPAR: 1990-028B. Apogee: 642 km (398 mi). Perigee: 477 km (296 mi). Inclination: 94.1000 deg. Period: 95.90 min. Summary: Store and forward..

1991 April 5 - .
  • Death of Dr Manley Lanier Jr 'Sonny' Carter at New Brunswick, Georgia. Crash of a commercial airliner while on NASA business travel. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carter. Summary: American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-33..

1991 April 5 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 April 5 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-37R.
  • STS-37 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Apt; Cameron; Godwin; Nagel; Ross. Payload: Atlantis F08 / Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. Mass: 16,611 kg (36,620 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Apt; Cameron; Godwin; Nagel; Ross. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-37. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 5.98 days. Decay Date: 1991-04-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 21224 . COSPAR: 1991-027A. Apogee: 462 km (287 mi). Perigee: 450 km (270 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Manned five crew. Unscheduled EVA to manually deploy the Gamma-Ray Observatory's high-gain antenna, which failed to deploy upon ground command. Payloads: Gamma-Ray Observatory (GRO), Crew/ Equipment Translation Aids (part of Extravehicular Activity Development Flight Experiment), Ascent Particle Monitor (APM), Bioserve Instrumentation Technology Associates Materials Dispersion Apparatus (BlMDA), Protein Crystal Growth (PCG)-Block Il, Space Station Heatpipe Advanced Radiator Element (SHARE)-ll, Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX)-ll, Radiation Monitoring Equipment (RME)-lIl, Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) Calibration Test.
  • Compton Observatory - . Payload: Gamma Ray Observatory. Mass: 15,620 kg (34,430 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: GRO. Decay Date: 2000-06-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 21225 . COSPAR: 1991-027B. Apogee: 453 km (281 mi). Perigee: 448 km (278 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.60 min. Astrophysical laboratory for gamma ray observations; deployed from STS-37 4/7/91; renamed Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. The Compton Gamma Ray Observatory was intentionally deorbited on by NASA over the objections of the scientific community on June 3, 2000. NASA decided to end the mission after several orientation gyroscope failures. They felt that if another gyroscope was lost, the heavy spacecraft might eventually reenter out of control.

1994 April 5 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 12.046WT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1995 April 5 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Shavit. Launch Vehicle: Shavit 1. LV Configuration: Shaviyt 1 3.
  • Ofeq-3 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Program: Offeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. Decay Date: 2000-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 23549 . COSPAR: 1995-018A. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 366 km (227 mi). Inclination: 143.4000 deg. Period: 94.50 min.

1998 April 5 - .
2004 April 5 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 52 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 2.0 hours. White Knight Pilot: Siebold. White Knight Copilot: Karkow. Objectives: Avionics checkout flight, pilot proficiency and landing practice..

2004 April 5 - .
  • Spirit Mars Rover, End of Primary Mission - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MER.

2006 April 5 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion REXUS 3.
  • Education mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2006 April 5 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.068NT.
  • Descent imagery / RSO Planetary test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

2008 April 5 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/05/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3. Saturday - half-day off for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Reisman.



    Having passed Day 180 of her flight, Dr. Peggy Whitson began her fourth session with the NASA/JSC experiment NUTRITION w/Repository, for which she had to forego exercising and food intake for eight hours. Today's protocol consisted of two blood draws (for Serum & Heparin). Later, the CDR set up the equipment for the 24-hour urine collections which start with the first void early tomorrow morning and continue through Sunday morning. (Acting as operator, CMO (Crew Medical Officer)Garrett Reisman performed phlebotomy on Peggy Whitson, i.e., drawing blood samples (from an arm vein) which was first allowed to coagulate in the Repository for 20-30 minutes, then spun in the HRF RC (Human Research Facility/Refrigerated Centrifuge) and finally placed in MELFI (Minus-Eighty Laboratory Freezer for ISS). The RC was later powered off after a temperature reset to limit wear on the compressor, and cleaned. Background: NUTRITION is the most comprehensive in-flight study done by NASA to date of human physiologic changes during long-duration space flight; this includes measures of bone metabolism, oxidative damage, nutritional assessments, and hormonal changes. The Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile currently required on all U.S. Astronauts collects blood and urine samples preflight and postflight. NUTRITION expands this protocol by also capturing inflight samples and an additional postflight sample. Furthermore, additional measurements are included for samples from all sessions, including additional markers of bone metabolism, vitamin status, and hormone and oxidative stressor tests. The results will be used to better understand the impact of countermeasures (exercise and pharmaceuticals) on nutritional status and nutrient requirements. The Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile (MR016L), first started on two Mir crewmembers and then on all ISS US crews, nominally consists of two pre-flight and one post-flight analysis of nutritional status, as well as an in-flight assessment of dietary intake using the FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire). The current NUTRITION project expands MR016L testing in three ways: Addition of in-flight blood & urine collection (made possible by MELFI), normative markers of nutritional assessment, and a return session plus 30-day (R+30) session to allow evaluation of post-flight nutrition and implications for rehabilitation.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 04/05/08.


2009 April 5 - . 02:30 GMT - . LV Family: Taepodong. Launch Vehicle: Taepodong. LV Configuration: Unha 2. FAILURE: Third stage failure..
  • Kwangmyongsong 2 - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: Choson. Summary: Second North Korean satellite launch attempt. Fell in Pacific..

2010 April 5 - .
2010 April 5 - . 10:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • STS-131 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Poindexter; Dutton; Metcalf-Lindenburger; Wilson; Mastracchio; Yamazaki; Anderson, Clayton. Payload: Discovery F37 /. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-131; ISS EO-23; ISS EO-22. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 15.12 days. Decay Date: 2010-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 36507 . COSPAR: 2010-012A. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi). Perigee: 322 km (200 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Summary: Crew: Poindexter;Dutton;Metcalf-Lendenburger;Wilson;Mastracchiio;Yamazaki;Anderson,Clayton. Contingency flight to assure ISS completion; nominal payload EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 3 (ELC3) and EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 4 (ELC4)..

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